BSF Study Questions Acts Lesson 12, Day 2: Hebrews 7 with Genesis 14:18-20

Summary of passages:  Hebrews 7:  Melchizedek, King of Salem (or Jerusalem) and priest of God Most High met Abraham and blessed him.  Abraham gave Melchizedek a tenth of everything.  King of Salem means king of righteousness and king of peace.  Melchizedek has no mother nor father but he remains a priest forever (this is saying Melchizedek’s genealogy is not recorded).

Now, this is what this means:  the patriarch Abraham gave this guy a tenth of the plunder!  Now the law requires the descendants of Levi (the priests) to collect a tenth from the people (all related).  Yet Melchizedek did not have the lineage to collect the tenth nor bless Abraham.  Since the lesser person is blessed by the greater person, this means Melchizedek is the greater over Abraham.

When Melchizedek met Abraham, Levi hadn’t been born yet so Abraham had no need to pay the tenth.  But he did anyways.

So why was there a need for someone to come in the order of Melchizedek if perfection could be attained through the Levites (or the order of Aaron)?  Verse 18 provides the answer:  This regulation was set aside because perfection could not be attained in this way so a better hope was introduced so we could draw near to (be with) God.

God made Jesus a priest forever with an oath!  This oath has made Jesus the guarantee of a better covenant.  Since Jesus lives forever, his priesthood lives forever.  Therefore, Jesus can save completely those who come through him to God.

Thus, such a high priest (Jesus) meets our needs:  he is holy, blameless, pure, set apart from sinners, exalted above the heavens, does not need to offer sacrifices;  He is perfect. Forever.

Genesis 14: 18-20:  Melchizedek, King of Salem (or Jerusalem) who was priest of God Most High, blessed Abram who then gave Melchizedek a tenth of everything.

Questions:

3a)  Melchizedek and Christ’s similiarities:  1)  Both were kings  2)  Both were priests 3)  Both received a tenth of everything  4)  Both names mean king of peace  5)  Both are priests forever  6)  Both live forever (without beginning of days or end of life)

One difference: Only Jesus was the Son of God

b)  Abraham gave Melchizedek a tenth of the plunder, which is usually only given to the descendants of Levi (the order of priests) and in this case since Levi had not yet been born this shows Abraham tithing to the order of Melchizedek’s priesthood; and Abraham was blessed by Melchizedek and accepting Melchizedek’s blessing showing Melchizedek as superior.

4)  The Levites were the ones who answered Moses call when he came off of Mount Sinai for those who were for the Lord.  They were then ordered to kill the others who did not answer the call.  Then the Lord set the Levites apart and blessed them for their faithfulness.  Hence, the Levites were under the Law of Moses (which Jesus voided with his death).

5a)  The Lord has sworn and will not change his mind:  ‘You are a priest forever.’”  Verse 21

Because Jesus lives forever he has a permanent priesthood  Verse 24

He sacrificed for our sins once and for all … and has been made perfect forever  Verses 27-28

b)  Personal Question.  My answer:  It’s means no matter what sins I commit I am forgiven. Forever.  Jesus atoned for my sins and I no longer must offer sacrifices.  All I must do is pray for forgiveness in Jesus’ name.

Conclusions:  Who would have thought some guy named Melchizedek played such a huge role in the Bible?  I’ve never studied this guy before and my church has never preached on him.

We must remember who the writer of Hebrews is speaking to here:  the Jews who are hesitant to accept Jesus (Recall Lesson 9, Day 2 when we first started Hebrews).  One objection these Jews had was that Jesus did not come from the order of priests, the Levites or from the tribe of Aaron.  So how could he be the High Priest?

Therefore, the whole point of this chapter is to show how Jesus did not need to come from the Levites since Melchizedek did not to be a High Priest.  Also, with Jesus’s death that rule is no longer applicable since now the average person (you and me) can now approach God himself instead of having the Levites do it.

Further objection the people had:  how can someone be both the High Priest and a King since in the OT and under the Old Covenant this was not allowed?

Well, this guy named Melchizedek was both a Priest and a King and he was accepted by Abram (you know, the father of our people and the one God himself made an ever-lasting covenant with) so therefore it is possible.

But further than that:  the OT Covenant is no longer valid due to Jesus’s death but I am pointing out the precedence that was set anyways for all you dunderheads.

[Sorry!  Got a little carried away there speaking as the writer of Hebrews].

The writer of Hebrews is just trying to prove that Jesus is our priest forever.  So accept Him now and save yourselves a lot of trouble.

Nice, clear, concise argument.  The people surely were convinced after this.

Personal Tip:  I usually read the passage and then answer the questions.  The questions get me thinking about the passage.  As I’m doing the questions, I re-read the passage the questions are referring to.  Then when I’m done with the questions, I go back and write my summaries (re-reading again the passage).  I find the final time through is when it all clicks.  It usually doesn’t click until I go back after my study.  I often change my answers or re-write the conclusion after this final read through.

I would encourage you to do a final read-through when you are finished to cement the Word in your head and give God one more chance to speak to you about the passage.  I think you will find you will have a greater grasp of the Word if you do so.  At least I do.

Time-consuming?  Yes.  Worth it?  Oh, yeah.

BSF is not meant to be sped through so try to set enough time apart to do your study.  I know everyone has hectic weeks.  But you will benefit the most if you take the time to do so.

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7 comments on “BSF Study Questions Acts Lesson 12, Day 2: Hebrews 7 with Genesis 14:18-20

  1. I am so glad I found your sight…this part confused me. I reread it so many times. Your explaination helped me. Just stopped by to thank you.
    Sweetladyelaine

  2. pam says:

    thank you so much….i agree with you, that reading the passage, then the question, and re-reading(and for me sometimes re-reading)helps me so much….so do your great insights as well….i am so enjoying my bsf studies, this is my first year in bible study, and though it is very confusing most of the time i find comfort in reading the bible….thank you again

  3. “Further objection the people had: how can someone be both the High Priest and a King since in the OT and under the Old Covenant this was not allowed?

    Well, this guy named Melchizedek was both a Priest and a King and he was accepted by Abram (you know, the father of our people and the one God himself made an ever-lasting covenant with) so therefore it is possible.

    But further than that: the OT Covenant is no longer valid due to Jesus’s death but I am pointing out the precedence that was set anyways for all you dunderheads.”

    ….Does this explain why the tithe is still observed even though the OT Covenant is broken? Because King Melchizedek set the precedence? Your thoughts?

    • atozmom says:

      Great question, Eryn!

      This is the first instance tithing is mentioned in the Bible and I believe did set the precedence of giving a tenth of earnings. Jesus only touches on the tithe.

      I believe giving a tithe is more about your heart than the money. Everything a person has is God’s. He has given us everything. So we are honoring God by giving back to His kingdom, giving back to Him a percentage of what He has given us. It is an act of gratitude and deference, humility and homage to the Creator. It acknowledges who is truly in charge in our lives.

      Just because the OT is broken doesn’t mean we should throw it all out the window. The OT covenant didn’t work in terms of salvation of mankind. In other ways, it did work such as tithing, Ten Commandments, and other teachings.

      We are called to give. When we give we become more like Jesus. We lose some of our selfishness. We live for others. We help others.

      This site is amazing! It explains everything and answers questions at the end about tithing. I loved the part that reads: “Jesus is the Lord of the tithe forever after the order of Melchizedek.” Great stuff!

      Thanks for asking, Eryn! I am now clearer on the matter in terms of Old and New Testament!

  4. Danielle Branch says:

    The Bible and the Messiah Yahshua himself said that no part of the law would be done away with. Yahshua fulfilled only the sacrificial pay of the law, we are still obligated to keep the law, the Scripture s can not be broken.

  5. [...]  We studied this exact same passage last year in Acts and we answered very similar questions.  HERE we studied Hebrews 7 WITH Genesis [...]

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