Summary of passage: Jesus grew strong and full of wisdom and God’s grace. At age 12, Jesus went to Jerusalem for the Feast of the Passover and stayed behind unbeknownst to his parents. When his parents realized Jesus was not in the convoy, they returned to Jerusalem to find him. He was in the temple, sitting among the teachers, asking them questions.
Mary asked Jesus why he worried them by staying behind. Jesus said they should have known he would be in his Father’s house.
Jesus returned to Nazareth with them and continued to grow in wisdom.
3a) He was blessed by God and grew strong and wise. God was with him. He was eager to learn from others and his wisdom was already beyond others at age 12.
b) Hebrews 2:10-18: Because Jesus was made flesh and blood, he was able to suffer and experience temptation like man does and thus able to help those (us) who are being tempted. By his physical death, Jesus freed us from the power of death and won for us an eternal life with God the Father and also cleansed us of our sins through his blood.
Hebrews 4:15-16: Jesus has been tempted in every way like we have and he never sinned. He can sympathize with us and thus we are able to approach the throne with confidence that Jesus will help us in our time of need.
Hebrews 5:7-9: Jesus submitted to God’s will while he was on earth and prayed and was heard. He was taught obedience through his suffering and offered eternal salvation for all those who obey him.
c) Personal Question. My answer: Jesus being human strengthens our faith. It wasn’t just some magic trick that saved us or an omnipotent being who waved his wand and poof, it happened. Jesus was just like us in every way, faced the same things we face every day of our lives, and therefore can understand us more. It was for our benefit, not God’s, that He became human so that we may believe in Him and trust in Him and be with Him. Jesus set us free through his physical death. In no other way could this have happened.
d) Personal Question. My answer: Jesus shows us how to live a Godly life. Through his example, it is easier for me to submit to God’s will, to overcome temptation, to pray to God to help me every day of my life, to obey unquestioningly, and to accept God’s grace and His eternal gift for my life. Life is just easier knowing God is on my side every step of every day.
Conclusions: This story is not recorded by Matthew so I’m assuming that’s why we are reading it now. Plus, it picks up right after Jesus returned to Nazareth from Egypt so it fits in chronologically with Jesus’ life.
If you followed me last year, you know I dubbed the study of Genesis “The Study of Hebrews” as well since we read Hebrews umpteen times last year.
My study bible says this of Hebrews: “The book of Hebrews explains why it matters that God descended to the earth and became a human being. Hebrews goes further than any other New Testament book in explaining Jesus’ human nature.”
Since we are studying Jesus, it is only fitting we study why Jesus existed.
Interesting Facts: The commandment to attend the Feast of the Passover can be found in Exodus 23:17 and Deuteronomy 16:16.
These are Jesus’ first recorded words. Isn’t it cool they are about God?
We also must remember in ancient times, a 12 year-old was considered a young man, eligible for marriage. He could have stayed in Jerusalem and not returned with his parents if he had so desired. But here we see Jesus as faithful in his human duties as well, following in his father’s footsteps and being obedient to his parents before his calling from God.
Here, we see that at age 12 Jesus already knew who His father was and the calling on his life. Normally, Jesus would have been a carpenter like his father for the rest of his life but here he makes it clear this will not be the case.
Age 12 is significant here because that is the time boys began to learn their father’s trade. Here, Jesus is learning God’s trade.
The mention of Mary in verse 51 probably means this story came to Luke through Mary.