Summary of passage: John the Baptist is speaking and he says he will baptize the people with water for repentance but to be prepared for one is coming who will baptize with the Holy Spirit and with fire. He will clear the threshing floor and burn up the chaff (basically judge).
8 ) He baptized with water. He did not baptize with the Holy Spirit and fire.
9) Jesus would be more powerful than him. He would not be fit to even carry his sandals. He will baptize with the Holy Spirit and fire. He will judge.
10) Joel 2:28: The Spirit will be poured out and people will prophesy, dream dreams, and see visions.
Ezekiel 36:25-27: You will be clean and cleansed from all your impurities and idols. God will give you a new heart and spirit, which will move you to follow God’s decrees and keep His laws.
John 7:37-39: Streams of living water or the Spirit will flow from within for those who believe in Jesus.
Acts 1:5, 8: Baptized with the Holy Spirit and will receive power.
Isaiah 44:3: The Spirit will be poured out as well as God’s blessing.
11a) John the Baptist baptized with water as a symbol of repentance and forgiveness by God for people’s sins. It was an outward symbol that one was ready to receive the Holy Spirit. Since Pentecost and Jesus’ death on the cross, when we are baptized we are not only repenting our sins and asking for forgiveness from God for our sins but we are also accepting that Jesus died on the cross for our sins. This faith in Jesus Christ as our Savior allows the Holy Spirit to indwell within us and now we are marked at His and guided by Him forever and accepted into His kingdom.
Romans 6:3-4: Paul writes: ”…all of us who were baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized into his death? We were therefore buried with him through baptism into death in order that, just as Christ was raised from the dead through the glory of the Father, we too may live a new life.”
Ephesians 1:13-14: ”Having believed [in Jesus], you were marked in him with a seal, the promised Holy Spirit, who is a deposit guaranteeing our inheritance until the redemption of those who are God’s possession…”
John 3:5-15: ”…no one can enter the kingdom of God unless he is born of water and the Spirit…no one has ever gone into heaven except the one who came from heaven–the Son of Man…everyone who believes in him may have eternal life.”
b) Personal Question. My answer: I love review and getting my thoughts straight. Just remembering that when we accept Jesus, we are marked, we are His, and the Holy Spirit is there to help us follow Him. Also, great comfort in remembering always where my true home is: heaven.
Conclusions: It is interesting to note how much the Spirit is mentioned in the Old Testament before it even came upon us in the New. I love how we can see and read how prophecy has been fulfilled and how it reassures us that prophecy will continue to be fulfilled in Jesus’ Second Coming. Great ‘little’ lesson today!
Great little site I found that explains how one can receive and how one knows they possess the Holy Spirit: