Summary of passage: Jesus says to not swear oaths. He says not to strike back against evil doers. Instead, give to the one who asks you and go the extra mile. He says to love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you as God does. Be perfect as God is perfect i.e. be like God.
12a) You shouldn’t need to swear by anything. Your word should be enough. God is a part of every word we breath; thus, oaths are unnecessary.
b) You shouldn’t have to emphasize what comes out of your mouth if you speak from the heart.
c) Personal Question. My answer: That you don’t take the Lord’s name is vain. That’s all I can come up with. Otherwise, not sure what commitment I have made. Maybe to speak truthfully and from the heart.
13a) Personal Question. My answer: Would be better if I loved my neighbor and made peace with my enemies.
b) Personal Question. My answer: Bless me more.
14) Galatians 5:16: Live by the Spirit and you will not gratify the desires of a sinful nature
Ephesians 4:22-24: Put off your old and put on your new self to be more righteous
Philippians 2:12-13: God will work in you according to His purpose
Philippians 4:8: Think about pure, noble, right, lovely, admirable things
Conclusions: Didn’t get a lot out of this as you could probably tell from my answers. I was thinking on 13a I should have put “worse” and should say that in class just to emphasize the poor quality of the question. If we love our neighbor and enemies more, then obviously our relationships will be better. Also, on b I should say “curse” or something. Obviously, if we obey God’s commands, we receive blessings in return.
Be perfect means here to be more like Jesus and keep all of God’s commands not just a chosen few that suit you.