BSF Study Questions Revelation Lesson 12, Day 3: Revelation 6:1-8

Summary of passage: Jesus opened the first seal and a white horse with a rider appeared. The rider was given a crown and rode off. The second seal was opened and a red horse appeared. Its rider was given power to take peace from earth and to make men kill each other. He was given a sword. The third seal unleashed a black horse and its rider held a pair of scales, used to measure out food as payment for a day’s wages.  The fourth seal released a pale horse whose rider was named Death and Hades. They were given power to kill by sword, famine, plague, and by the wild beasts a fourth of the earth.


6)  The rider of the black horse was holding a pair of scales.  The voice of the living creatures said, “A quart of wheat for a day’s wages and three quarts of barley for a day’s wages and do not damage the oil and the wine.”  The scales the Black Rider holds shows the approaching famine and economic downturn. Food will be rationed. The prices mentioned here are astronomical: one day’s wages for the ingredients of bread essentially. Yet, the rich will still have oil and wine.

7)  Hades was the Greek god of the underworld (Romans called him Pluto) where souls went when they died. Hades today refers to hell.  Here, it represents the grave and he is gathering up his victims of death, famine, and destruction.

8a)  Both passages have colored horses.  In Revelation, the colors are significant.  In Zechariah they’re not.  Zechariah calls the horses “the four spirits of heaven” and are sent out into the world with no effect. In Revelation, the release of the horses bring disasters upon the earth.  In Zechariah the horses are important as they patrol the earth; in Revelation the riders are more important.

In Matthew 24, Christ warns of the Anti-Christ, which is the white horse rider in Revelation.  Jesus says there will be wars, famines, and earthquakes and death (Matthew 24:9).  The red, black, and pale riders are war, famine, and death.  [Side Note:  The rest of Matthew 24 parallels Revelation 6 as well.]

This is important since all passages are a warning to us about what is to come.  It shows us how God is Lord of history and how the prophesies here will come true.  It increases our faith.

b)  Same answer as above:  Christ warns of the Antichrist, wars, famines, earthquakes, death, and destruction to mankind.

Conclusions:  In reading about Revelation 6, I read all about Matthew 24 and Zechariah 6 and I’m surprised BSF chose to bring both of those in because I wasn’t going to go in depth in my analysis.  Good job by simplifying the comparisons and bringing out what’s important here because the interpretations can be heavy.  God is amazing in all his connectivity and fluidity.  Awesome!

End Notes:  See yesterday’s lesson HERE since both days cover the same passage.

Homework Tip:  Revelation is becoming harder as more and more symbols and interpretations appear.  Spend the time to understand the meanings here.  On today’s lesson and yesterday’s I did them together, flipping back and forth as a question was asked and something else was jogged in my mind.  I read the passage, answer the questions, read commentary, then go back and re-do my questions.  Sometimes I change an answer or add to it.  Sometimes I don’t.  But whatever the case, I definitely get more out of the questions the second time around.

Set aside the time to do these lessons.  God will reward you immensely if you do.

BSF Study Questions Revelation Lesson 12, Day 2: Revelation 6:1-8

Summary of passage:  Jesus opened the first seal and a white horse with a rider appeared.  The rider was given a crown and rode off.  The second seal was opened and a red horse appeared.  Its rider was given power to take peace from earth and to make men kill each other.  He was given a sword.  The third seal unleashed a black horse and its rider held a pair of scales, used to measure out food as payment for a day’s wages. The fourth seal released a pale horse whose rider was named Death and Hades.  They were given power to kill by sword, famine, plague, and by the wild beasts a fourth of the earth.


3a)  Three said,”Come!”.  The third one said, “A part of wheat for a day’s wages, and three quarts of barley for a day’s wages, and do not damage the oil and the wine.”

b)  A horse and rider.  The horse changed colors:  White, red, black, and pale.  Each rider was given something different or held something different:  a crown and a bow, a sword and power to take peace and make war, scales, power to kill by sword, famine, plague, and wild beasts.

4)  The white horse’s rider held a bow and was given a crown and he rode out as a conqueror bent on conquest.  He depicts judgment or justice meted out by God which includes destruction and death.  He might be the Anti-Christ (see End Notes for much more detail).

5a)  Part personal question.  My answer:  The rider of the red horse was given the power to take peace from earth and have men kill each other.  He represents war, slaughter, and bloodshed.  Our wars today.

b)  Man’s desires, sin, and the devil.  Solution:  Submit yourselves to God, draw near to Him, and resist the devil and sin and purify your hearts.

Conclusions:  Question 5b was out of left field and not in the passage.  So much symbolism here it’s ridiculous.  See End Notes.

End Notes:  Continuing from 2 weeks ago in Revelation 5, we learned the Lamb was Jesus, the only one with the right credentials to open the scrolls, and the scrolls are the future history of man.

Chapter 6 to Chapter 19 will detail the Tribulation, God’s judgment of man in the last 7 years before the Second Coming.  We will see 7 seals, 7 trumpets, and 7 bowls.  The Tribulation‘s purpose:  To bring Israel back to God, to bring unbelievers to God, and to create the remnant Jesus will rule.

Scholars say the events on the scrolls will happen BEFORE the culmination of history detailed in Revelation 19.

Each seal has a different living creature.  We see thunder as God revealing something important to His people.

Note:  only the seals are being broken.  The contents of the scroll are not being revealed yet.  The scroll won’t be opened until we hear the 7 trumpets.

The rider on the white horse is NOT Jesus who appears on a white horse in Revelation 19.  This is the anti-Christ unleashed upon the world who is impersonating Jesus.  We know this because he brings war and carries a bow (Jesus carries a sword).  He wears one crown; Jesus wears many.  He is given authority to execute judgment on the earth.  The white horse is one Jesus will ride.  Those of the historical view of Revelation will say this is Jesus or the Romans or the apostles.

The Preterist view sees the four horsemen as happening in the first century AD only.

The rider will lead men in rebellion against God.  We see this in Genesis 10:8-14 in Nimrod.

The 70th week in Daniel 9 and the tribulation begin when this rider arrives.

Peace is a gift from God to men.  Men’s natural state is war.  Hence, the red rider removes peace and ushers in war.  God granted this rider the authority to do so.  Part of this is fulfilled since war has existed on this planet since the Fall of Man.  Here, every nation will be at war.

The Greek word is stronger than slay (verse 4).  It means butcher or slaughter.

The scales the Black Rider holds shows the approaching famine and economic downturn, which were used to measure food.  Food will be rationed.  The prices mentioned here are astronomical:  one day’s wages for the ingredients of bread essentially.  Yet, the rich will still have oil and wine.  There are limits to what the black rider will accomplish.

The fourth horseman brings death in 4 ways.  These are common tools of God’s judgement (Ezekiel 14:21) and the way God promised He would destroy Jerusalem (Leviticus 16:18-33).

The Greek word used here is chloros, which is where we get our English word ‘chlorine’.  It is used elsewhere in Revelation (8:7; 9:4) to refer to pale-green grass.  It’s used here to refer to the hue of the skin upon death.

Hades was the Greek god of the underworld (Romans called him Pluto) where souls went when they died.  Hades today refers to hell.

Some scholars say the red, black, and pale rider are tools for the Anti-Christ and not separate people per se.  The colors are symbolic:  white is conquest, red is bloodshed or war, black is famine, and pale is death.  Some say the four horsemen are merely man’s judgment upon himself which sin has brought forth.

Other scholars say the “Four horsemen of the apocalypse” are merely judgment and not the anti-Christ or people at all.  They point to Zechariah 1 for this interpretation.

In my mind, we know the Anti-Christ is coming in the Tribulation so I’m leaning towards the Anti-Christ interpretation here.

Four is the number of creation, stemming from the 4th day of creation when the physical world was complete.  We  have 4 seasons, 4 corners of the earth (directions north, south, east, and west), 4 elements, 4 angels (Rev 7), 4 living creatures, 4 gospels, 4 horsemen with 4 judgments.  It represents universality, including everyone.

Verse 8:  The word “by” is confusing.  It is more correctly translated “under” from the Greek, giving the sword, famine, and plague subordination to the beasts.  “Wild beasts” is an incorrect translation as well.  The word in Greek is “therion” and means beast.  This word is used 39 times in the book of Revelation and 38 times is refers to either the Antichrist, the false prophet, or a beast.  Attempting to differentiate the word in the context here threw in the word wild–the only time it is not translated “beast” in Revelation.

REMEMBER:  God is giving all this power to the Anti-Christ.  God is the one in control.  Jesus’s servants, the four creatures, call forth the horsemen.  They must have permission to enter the world.

This description of the End Times closely follows Jesus’s description in the Olivet Discourse in Matthew 24, Mark 13, and Luke 21.

The seals are God’s judgment on earth.  Details will emerge in Revelation 8-11.

Prayer Requests for Week of November 22nd, 2015

Hey all!

Please post your requests and/or praises below or email them to me at

We’d love to hear them and pray for you.

Mine: protection over husband’s job and results for our new diet.

Have a blessed week!

BSF Study Questions Revelation Lesson 11, Day 5: 2 Peter 3

Summary of passage:  In the last days scoffers will come with evil desires and the earth will be judged.  God’s days are not our days and He is patient, waiting for all to repent and come to Him.  But the day of the Lord will come and the earth will be laid bare.  So live godly lives and look forward to the new heaven and earth.  Make every effort to be spotless and at peace with him and be on your guard for lawless men.


13a)  To live holy and godly lives and look forward to the day of God and the new heaven and new earth.  Make every effort to be found spotless, blameless, and at peace with him.  Be on your guard so you may not be carried away by the lawless men and fall.

b)  Destruction and hell.

c)  That God’s word created the heavens and the earth out of water.  That God flooded the earth to destroy mankind in judgment.  In the same way the day of the Lord will come just as God says it will.

14)  That God’s time is not our time.  God is waiting for all to come to Him and repent and gain eternal life and not perish.

15a)  Personal Question.  My answer:  I’m not.

b)  Personal Question.  My answer:  So vague it’s impossible to begin.  I could have learned I don’t like avocado.  I’m going with the assumption that this question refers to part a and what change in relation to resisting God’s truth of wrath and judgment do you need to make.  Since I’m not resisting, I need to make no changes.

Conclusions:  Great lesson up until Question 15.  BSF is assuming we are resisting the day of the Lord.  The question should have asked us if we are resisting His wrath, judgment, and the day of the Lord and IF SO how.  Not a good question.

I’m not sure how one could resist the day of the Lord besides worrying over it.  It’s something we can’t control.  And since the Bible says not to worry over anything (Philippians 4:6), pointless.  Many ignore God’s wrath and judgment by pretending it doesn’t exist, believing only that God is “my friend”, and continuing to sin because God will forgive you.  These people will face God’s judgment in the end (as we all will answer for our earthly lives) whether they believe it or not and it’s not something I worry about.  I got enough with just myself, my family, and my friends.

End Notes:  Peter emphasizes how the Old Testament is just as important as the New Testament.  Remember he is addressing the Jewish nation who have up until the last generation have only known the Old Testament.  For centuries it was the law of the land.  Now there is a new added law and a new covenant.  Peter is reminding them both need to be obeyed.  In essence, the apostles are equal to the prophets.

Remember we are in the last days (ever since Jesus ascended to heaven after his resurrection).  But as Peter says here, God’s days are not ours.

Peter quotes Psalm 90:4.  Since God is the great “I am”, there is no time, no space, no past, present, or future.  God has always been and will always be.  Time is a human concept.

Note the power of God’s word.  It created the universe.  It flooded the earth.  It will judge and change the earth once more.  If God’s word is that powerful, imagine the power we hold in our hands reading God’s word.  He empowers us no matter what happens in our lives.  All we have to do is read.

Note fire will be used, not water, in the final judgment.

Man will outlive the earth.

We can actually “speed its coming” (verse 12) by godly conduct, evangelism (Romans 11:25), prayer (Daniel 9 and Revelation 22:20).

Scripture can be “distorted” (verse 16).  Therefore, we must “examine the scriptures every day” (Acts 17:11) like the Bereans to see if what people say is true or not.  Our best defense against evil is God’s word.  Those who distort will face destruction.

As Peter says we are to grow in grace and knowledge of Jesus.  We cannot be stagnant.  Grow with Jesus in a personal relationship with him.  Then we will not fall.

Fun Fact:  Amen was added to the end of this second letter of Peter’s.  Under the Old Covenant, Amen was only uttered after curses (Deuteronomy 27:14-26).  Under the New Covenant, Amen announces great blessings from God and praises to God.  Hence, the addition is appropriate here.

Meaning of Scriptures:  Scriptures is a term applied only to those writings which are divinely inspired or writings considered sacred or authoritative.  For Christians, that is the Bible.

Conclusions to Lesson 11:  BSF chose to take a break again from Revelation and focus on the prophecy of the Day of the Lord, which is what Revelation is all about.  I have two viewpoints here:  1)  Why waste time in other places of the Bible when Revelation could take a lifetime to study?  2)  Why study Joel and 2 Peter 3?

Personally, I enjoyed studying Joel.  It’s a small book in the Bible often overlooked and rarely preached upon by churches today.  It’s been years since I’ve read the book, and I learned a ton based off of my personal research and it was fun!

Does Joel have much to do with Revelation?  When compared to other parts of the OT, no.  Does studying Joel have value?  Yes!  Despite where you fall on the continuum, BSF always takes us to the Word and challenges us to go deeper with God, which is why many of us are here.  Everything in the Word has value and overall I believe we all learned something this go-around we didn’t know.

2 Peter 3 is all about the day of the Lord, so it makes sense to study it in a Revelation study.

I’m beginning to realize why all these filler lessons:  The book of Revelation only has 22 chapters (a relatively short book in the Bible) and for a 30 week study that’s a hard stretch.  I would have preferred to have done ALL of the book of Revelation first and then come back and see what the rest of the Bible says about the End Times.  Just my two cents for BSF headquarters.

BSF Study Questions Revelation Lesson 11, Day 4: Joel 2:28-3:21

Summary of passage:  Joel 2:28-32: After the people repent, God will pour out His Spirit on them.  He will show wonders in heaven and earth and everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved.

Joel 3:1-21:  God will gather all nations and judge them.  The Lord will take vengeance on those who have done wrong against His people Israel.  He will sell their sons and daughters to the people of Judah like their enemies did to the Israelites.  God will dwell with His people in Zion and Jerusalem while other places will be desolate.


10a)  Peter repeated the fact that all believers will receive the Holy Spirit indwelt “in the last days.”

b)  It serves as a sign to those of us here on earth that the Second Coming is upon us.  It also is a sign to non-believers that this is your last chance to come to Him.

11a)  After Jesus, the Holy Spirit now leads all believers.  Hence, any Christian throughout history could be said to have made an impact in some way.  I’m thinking of Joan of Arc, all the Popes, all of England’s kings and queens, the Crusades, other holy wars (think Protestants versus Catholics), Constantine, etc.

Genesis tells us the Holy Spirit created the world.  John tells the Spirit will give access to the kingdom of God to believers and lead us to truth.  2 Peter 1 tells us the Holy Sprit allows us to hear prophecy.  Now that Jesus is gone, God works through people; people make history according to God’s plan through the power of the Holy Spirit.

b)  Personal Question.  My answer:  It prompts me to write.  To work for Him and His goals.  To teach my children about him.  To be more like Jesus.  Whatever you are doing for God is powered by and driven by the Holy Spirit.

12a)  Part personal question.  My answer:  Those who call on the name of the Lord will be saved, delivered, and be among the survivors.  It means I don’t have to worry about the future for I will be saved.

b)  Personal Question.  My answer:  We’ve had this question before.  In order to be comforted, you have to be distressed or grieved, troubled or worried.  I’m just not when it comes to the End Times.  Never have been.  Hence, Joel doesn’t comfort me.

Conclusions:  I just did a recent poll on my sidebar, asking if you were afraid of the End Times.  53% of you said “No, not at all.”  Another 21 % said “a little” and only 8 % said “yes, a lot.”

I live my life day to day.  Sure, I plan for the future.  But I don’t worry about it.  God is there, and He will always be there.  I’m wondering if people do worry about the end of the world.  I just don’t.  If it happens, there won’t be anything you can do about it.  Philippians 4:6-7 is my mantra: “Do not be anxious about anything…and the peace of God…will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus.”

End Notes:  Joel’s greatest contribution is 2:28.  This prophecy is quoted in Acts 2:14-21 by Peter in his sermon on Pentecost after Jesus rose from the dead.  This was the first time the Spirit was predicted to be upon all believers.  Under the Old Covenant, the Spirit would come upon people to help them serve God (Judges 6:34; 1 Sam 16:13) for specific tasks only:  Joseph (Genesis 41:38), craftsmen (Exodus 31:3), Joshua (Numbers 27:18), Othniel (Judges 3:10), Gideon (Judges 6:34), Jephthah (Judges 11:29) Samson (Judges 13:5, 14:6, 14:19, 15:14), Saul (1 Samuel 10:9-10), and David (1 Samuel 16:13).

Under the New Covenant, we all have the Spirit.  Peter uses Joel’s prophecy to explain to all (and especially to those who thought the 120 were drunk after having received the Holy Spirit–Acts 2:13) that things are different now.  Both Joel and Peter say to repent first.  Then Peter says the Holy Spirit will come (Acts 2:38).

It is important to remember:  Joel’s prophecy was fulfilled, but not CONSUMMATED.  Pentecost ushered in the last days, which we are in.  We must now continue to watch for signs (like the wonders in heaven and earth and the sun and moon).

EVERYONE who calls on the Lord will be saved.  This includes the Gentiles.  God will not turn His back on anyone who calls on Him.  He wants us all.  The more you know God, trust God, and rely on God, the more He’ll know you and your ailments and be able to help you.

Joel 3:  Joel is talking about the Last Days here, continuing from the end of Joel 2, which began at the Ascension of Jesus and the birth of the church at Pentecost.  We are in the Last Days and remember God’s “day” is not our day for it’s been almost 2000 years since that time.

Verses 1-3 were fulfilled at the return of the exiles from Babylon.  The Babylonians did seize captives, divided them up by lots, and then traded them for prostitutes and wine.  Here, God will revenge this.  This passage has an immediate fulfillment and an End-Times fulfillment.

There is no “Valley of Jehoshaphat”.  Jehoshaphat must be figurative then which means “The Lord judges”.  This prophecy is foreshadowing the Battle of Armageddon (Revelation 16:12-16) where all nations will gather for the final showdown with God.

The nations have mistreated His people, Israel, and the Church.  Here, God says He will avenge us.  Jesus says this will be a criteria for judgment  (Matthew 25:31-46).

God basically challenges the nations who come against Him, saying He will retaliate.  The Roman emperors beginning with Nero who persecuted Christians all were murdered or died horrible deaths.  Everyone who comes against Him will be crushed in judgment despite their preparations (Revelation 16:12-16).  God will laugh (Psalm 2:1-6).

“The winepress is full.”  Revelation 14:14-20 also uses this image of the winepress of the wrath of God to describe Jesus’ judgment on the nations at Armageddon.

“The valley of decision” is where God will decide man’s ultimate fate.  We decide to believe in Jesus and God decides the rest.

After God’s final victory, there will be abundance with water flowing (Ezekiel 47; Zechariah 14:8).

The valley of acacias (or valley of Shittim) saw both failure and victory in the Bible.  It’s located on the eastern side of the Jordan River to the north of the Dead Sea.  Here the King of Moab sent his young women to the men of Israel to seduce them into idolatry and sexual immorality (Numbers 25:1-3).  Here the armies of Israel set out against Jericho and Canaan (Joshua 2:1 and 3:1).

The idea is when water from the house of the LORD flows down to the valley of acacias, then God’s grace, mercy, and provision covers our past sins.

Joel begins with judgment (the locusts) and ends with redemption (The Lord dwells in Zion–the Holy Spirit).  Ezekiel ends the same way (The Lord is there).  How amazing!  It all ends by God’s side!

BSF Study Questions Revelation Lesson 11, Day 3: Joel 2:12-27

Summary of passage:  God pleads with His people to repent with their hearts and with fasting, weeping, and mourning.  He is compassionate and will relent.  Everyone gather and fast and offer offerings to God.  God will take pity on His people and bless them with crops and wine and oil and abundance.  He will drive out the northern army and repay them for the locust plague.  The people will have plenty and praise Him.


6a)  Because we have sinned against Him which cannot go unpunished by a righteous God and He is omnipotent.  Judgment reveals truth; otherwise, how would we recognize good from bad?  Basically, God sets the rules and we abide by them or face the consequences He chooses.

b)  Personal Question.  My answer:  If you believe in Jesus Christ as the Savior, you are saved.  If you ask for forgiveness, you are forgiven.  If you repent, God washes you.  If God is first, you are His.

7a)  Repent with their hearts and with fasting, weeping, and mourning.  Offer up offerings to Him.  Gather the people and call a sacred assembly and consecrate them.  Let the priests weep and beg for the Lord to spare His people.

b)  “Gracious, compassionate, slow to anger, abounding in love.”

8 )  The Lord will take pity on His people and send them abundance:  grain, wine, oil, fruit, vineyard, green pastures, and plenty to eat.  He will drive out the northern army.  He will repay them for the locust years.

9)  Personal Question.  My answer:  His punishments are for our good so we’ll turn to Him.  It’s not meant in an evil way or just to see us suffer.  It’s so we’ll remember who’s in charge.  Judgment keeps us abiding in Him and constantly striving to be worthy of Him.  It keeps us walking towards Him all of our lives–one step at a time.

Conclusions:  Number 6 has nothing to do with this passage and the answer is not in this passage. Otherwise, great passage where we see all of God–God the judge and God the compassionate, full of mercy and grace and forgiveness.  We need to understand both to understand God.

End Notes:  In the Old Testament, both men and women tore their clothes as a sign of sorrow and mourning (some in the Middle East still do).  Jacob, Moses, Joshua, Elijah, David, and Job all did.  Here, Joel was emphasizing change on the inside not on the outside.

We repent because of God’s kindness (Romans 2:4).  Joel emphasizes this by listing all the blessings God will give if the people repent.

Joel repeats himself in Joel 1:14 but adds how everyone must stop what they are doing and repent now.  He uses the bride and bridegroom as an example because it’s one of the most important events in people’s lives.  God comes first.

The leaders of the church (priests) must lead the people in begging for forgiveness.  Joel gives them a great prayer example in verse 17:  Ask God, remind Him you are His, and say how His forgiveness will bring Him glory to unbelievers (other nations).

Verse 21:  Rejoice ahead of time.  Know God will answer your prayers and thank Him for it.

Ancient Israel did not have irrigation systems.  They were totally reliant upon rainfall for their crops to prosper. God will restore all.

God can give you back even the years you wasted in sin just like with the locust years.  The wasted blessings and fruits may still be yours if you turn to Him.

BSF Study Questions Revelation Lesson 11, Day 2: Joel 1:1-2:11

Summary of passage:  Joel 1:  Joel describes an invasion of locusts and the devastation it wrecks on God’s people.  It was sent by God to turn them towards Him.  It destroyed their crops, vines, trees, fields, grain, wheat, and barley.  Joel calls for repentance and mourning and fasting before the Lord.  Turn to God since everything else is gone and there’s no where else to turn.  Call upon Him as the wild animals do.

Joel 2:  Joel says the Day of the Lord is coming and is close at hand.  On a dark day a large and mighty army led by God comes, laying waste to the land with fire and turning nations pale with fear.  The army charges, never deviating.


3)  It is “a day of darkness and gloom, a day of clouds and blackness.  Like dawn spreading across the mountains a large and mighty army (led by God–verse 11) comes…before them fire devours, behind them a flame blazes…nothing escapes them….at the sight of them, nations are in anguish; every face turns pale…before them the earth shakes, the sky trembles, the sun and moon are darkened, and the stars no longer shine.”  (All of Joel 2:2-11).

4)  Sin and a turning away from God.  Joel says for all to mourn and call out to God.  He also says the grain and drink offerings are withheld from the house of God because of this plague.  He calls for a fast and a summoning of the elders–all signs a sin has been committed.

5)  Personal Question.  My answer:  Bankruptcy.  Depended on Him to bring us through.  He has.

Conclusions:  BSF tells us that we are studying Joel because he is speaking of the Day of the Lord. Joel is speaking of a current invasion of locusts in Chapter 1.  In Chapter 2 he turns to a general day of the Lord.

End Notes:

Joel offers a three-part message which we will study in three days:

  1.  A day of judgment (Today)
  2. A call to repentance (Lesson 11 Day 3)
  3. A future of hope (Lesson 11 Day 4)

What is the Day of the Lord?  The Day of the Lord is first mentioned in the Bible in Isaiah 2 and appears in other apocalyptic writings of the time.  The term appears again in Amos 5, here in Joel, and in Daniel 12:12.  The phrase “the day of the Lord” is used nineteen times in the Old Testament (Isaiah 2:12; 13:6, 9; Ezekiel 13:5, 30:3; Joel 1:15, 2:1,11,31; 3:14; Amos 5:18,20; Obadiah 15; Zephaniah 1:7,14; Zechariah 14:1; Malachi. 4:5) and five times in the New Testament (Acts 2:20; 1 Thessalonians 5:2; 2 Thessalonians 2:2; 2 Peter 3:10). It is also alluded to in other passages (Revelation 6:17; 16:14).

In Old Testament usage, scholars think it was a common term God’s people would know and in the Old Testament the Day of the Lord is the day God would judge His people for previous sins against Him (like a locust plague here in Joel).  In Joel 2:32, we see, however, that all who do turn to God will be saved.  It has a near and a far away fulfillment.

In general, the Day of the Lord is any intervention of God in history for the purpose of judgment.  In eschatology (Joel 2:10-11), the Day of the Lord is the ultimate punishment of evil.

In the New Testament, Acts quotes Joel 2:28-32 in chapter 2.  The phrase appears again in 1 Thessalonians 5:2, 2 Corinthians 1:14, Revelation 6, Matthew 26, and 2 Peter 3.  These NT passages tie the Day of the Lord to the Second Coming of Christ to judge the world and fulfill God’s purpose for mankind here on earth.  It is almost exclusively used as a future fulfillment.  Scholars debate if it’s an actual “day” or if it’s a time period.

The main idea is the “Day of the Lord” refers to a time when God will personally intervene in history to fulfill His plans for the world.

Background on Joel:  Joel was one of the earliest prophets.  Joel means “Jehovah is Lord”.  Scholars date this book to around 835 BC, a time in Israel’s history where there was great turmoil amongst the kings.  This was the time when Judah and Israel were split.  However, the date is debated and has been anywhere from the ninth to the third century BC.

Queen Athaliah seized power at the sudden death in battle of her son Ahaziah, who only reigned one year (2 Kings 8:26, 2 Kings 11:1).  Athaliah killed all her son’s heirs, except for one who was hidden in the temple and escaped – one-year-old Josiah (2 Kings 11:3).  Her six-year reign of terror ended in 835 B.C. when the High Priest Jehoiada overthrew Athaliah and set the seven-year-old Josiah on the throne (2 Kings 11:4-21).

It goes without saying that Athaliah’s reign was wicked for anyone who would kill her grandkids has problems.  Therefore, scholars best guess is that this plague of locusts came at the end of Athaliah’s reign in judgment for her wickedness.  Scholars do believe this was an actual plague despite the fact this is the only place this event is recorded in historical writings.

Little is known about the man himself.  No one knows for sure when he delivered these messages and no one even knows if he lived in Judah or Israel.

Joel 1:  We know Chapter 1 is describing Judah’s present situation due to the verbs used:  has left, have eaten.  This just happened!  And it’s so devastating he wants the people to tell their children about it for generation after generation so it is remembered.

Joel says to mourn and turn to God by fasting, calling a sacred assembly, summoning the elders to God’s house, and crying out to Him.  God tells us (the people) exactly what to do to come back to Him.  How amazing!

Remember God’s “day” is not our “day”.  Hence, scholars debate on how long this “day” will be.

Remember “Day of Lord” is judgment.  Here, it is immediate.  Ultimately, it’s Jesus’s Second Coming.

Only God can fix the people’s problems.  Everything is gone.  All that is left is God.

Disasters are wake-up calls from God to turn to Him and repent.  Nothing is accidental in God’s world.  Are you ready for just such a disaster in your life and will you call out to Him when it happens?

Joel 2:  Here Joel talks about future judgment known as the day of the Lord.  It’s dark and gloomy and black to those who are defying God as the Israelites are here.  Joel predicts an army will come but scholars believe this never happened because right after Joel’s prophecy here a Godly king named Joash (2 Kings 11:4-21) came to the throne and thus adverted judgment.

God’s army is disciplined, effective, and strong.  So should we be as His soldiers.

Joel minces no words here and the people heard.