BSF Study Questions The Life of Moses Lesson 27, Day 5: Deuteronomy 30

Summary of passage:  If God’s people turn back to Him, He will bless them and gather them together and prosper them and curse their enemies.  God only desires love and obedience.

Questions:

10a)  “Take his commands to heart” that is obey Him and love Him.

b)  Circumcise them.

c)  Personal Question.  My answer:  That God is always just one step away, one prayer away, one repentance away.  He is waiting to pick us up when we fall and He never tires of this no matter how many times we sin.  It is a great comfort because I sin all the time so knowing God loves me anyways gives me the faith to keep pursuing Him.

11a)  A choice of life or death

b)  Personal Question.  My answer:  Life.  Through believe in Jesus Christ, you will have eternal life.

12)  If you read all of Galatians 3, you will see the whole answer here.  Paul’s argument is this:  Abraham who lived before the law was given merely believed in God and was considered righteous.  Then the law was given (and Paul says the reason the law was given was to lead the people to Christ.  Verse 19 has the answer:  The purpose of the law was added because of transgressions until the Seed (Jesus) had come.)  The law’s purpose was to show people that it is impossible to gain God’s acceptance and be with Him on our own–that we need a Savior to do it for us.  But once Jesus stepped foot on this planet, God required faith in Jesus who took our transgressions upon himself.

Therefore, the law was to show us our inadequacies and just how much we truly need God and a Savior.

The people needed the Law because Jesus hadn’t come yet.  They needed a way to be with God and the Old Covenant was it.  The problem:  as we’ve seen this year, the people were never cleansed enough to be with God.  The system of blood sacrifice was not enough.  The people needed to see that and to live that out.  It was to prepare people for the Truth and make them desperate for a Savior.

Conclusions:  LOVED the last question.  Perfect!  Sums up our whole study.

End Notes:  The modern state of Israel is the fulfillment of God’s promise here to regather His people that have been scattered for centuries all over the world.  Scholars say this promise was not fulfilled after their Babylonian exile because the Israelites were still being ruled over.  Now, the modern state of Israel is larger, stronger, and richer than any other time in history.  Israel needs our prayers.

However, Israel today is a secular society despite its Jewish heritage.  Only the ancient Israelites had a true theocracy.  Hence, this prophecy is only partially filled.  Furthermore, most Jews do not accept Jesus, which in essence is a rejection of God.  But God is faithful and He will keep His promise in these verses.

Ezekiel 37 says that first the Jews will gather together and then God will put His spirit in them.  God is not done with His people yet.

Under the Old Covenant, the Israelites had to obey the law, offer sacrifices, and believe in its power to atone and to understand another would come.  Under the New Covenant, we only have to believe in Jesus as the Savior; we don’t have to do anything.  How full of grace is our God!

We see God pleading with His people through Moses to choose Him.  We can see God pleading with His people through Jesus to believe in him.  We see God telling His people to love Him, listen to Him, and hold on to Him.  He is our life.

God makes it simple:  understand (mouth), believe (heart), and obey His word.  Paul says the same thing when he quotes this passage in Romans 10:6-10:  Confess Jesus is your Lord and believe in your heart he is the Savior.  And you will be saved.  Period.

BSF Study Questions The Life of Moses Lesson 27, Day 4: Deuteronomy 29

Summary of passage:  Moses again tells the people to follow the covenant and the people will prosper.  He warns against turning away from God as disaster will follow.  If they worship idols, God will abandon the covenant and curse them.

Questions:

7)  That God is their God and they are His people.

8 )  Not to turn away from God and worship idols.

9a)  The secret things are secret; we don’t know what they are.  It’s the knowledge, wisdom, judgments, and paths of God that we He had not revealed to us.

b)  God’s law

c)  Personal Question.  My answer:  Sin is inevitable.  Even the best of us sin (Moses).  But God forgives that sin.  That God is faithful.  He is the provider.  He is there always.

Conclusions:  I don’t know about you all, but I’m tired of Moses’s repetition and warnings.  Ok, fine, we get it.  Obey or face God’s wrath.  We all know the Israelites didn’t obey and were punished by God despite Moses’ 10,000 warnings.  At least Moses can say, “I told you so.”  It makes these passages very dull reading.

End Notes:  This is the confirming of the the Covenant with the new generation that Moses had performed back in Exodus 24:7-8 with the old generation.

As we’ve seen, seeing miracles hasn’t changed the hearts of the people.  They need a miracle of the heart.

There is no peace for the sinner for God will turn His back on them.

God’s judgment on His people if they sin will be an example to all nations of what happens with disobedience and an example to all generations as well.

God reveals only what we need to know.  Therefore, we must embrace this knowledge and live it in our lives.  That is His desire for us.  It’s like a parent.  We do things for our kids for reasons they cannot understand at different ages in their lives.  The same with God.  We trust God like we trust our parents.  We love God like we love our parents.  We have faith that they have our best interests in their hearts for us.  Just like God does.

BSF Study Questions The Life of Moses Lesson 27, Day 3: Deuteronomy 28

Summary of passage:  If the Israelites obey all of the Lord’s commands, they will be blessed in everything:  food, livestock, children, defeat of enemies, and everything they lay a hand on.  They will be His holy people.  If the Israelites disobey, they will be cursed in everything they touch, defeated by their enemies, and scattered throughout all the nations (the Diaspora).

Questions:

5)  Obey God and you will be blessed.  Disobey God and face the consequences.

6a)  Personal Question.  My answer:  “Your sons and daughters will be given to another nation.”

b)  After Joshua died, Samaria, Israel, Assyria, Babylon, and the Roman empire.

c)  Personal Question.  My answer:  Probably all areas of my life.

Conclusions:  Granted, there was nothing new here we haven’t read already.  Moses is repeating himself.  Still, this is the first time I can remember in a long time where my answers are one-liners.  I was stumped on 6c.  Too broad.  All I know is I’m a sinner and can improve in every aspect of my walk with Him.

End Notes: The Israelites must decide if they will be cursed or blessed.  Nothing is hidden here.  If you obey and are blessed, you receive everything.  If you disobey and are cursed, you receive nothing.

The consequences of disobedience are almost overwhelming here.  This is purposeful.  Moses was trying to scare the people to obey because disobedience would not be a pretty picture.

The book of Lamentations is the grief suffered after Jerusalem is destroyed by the Babylonians in 586 BC.  Lamentations 4 describes the hunger and starvation that resulted in women eating their own children.  How tragic.

The total destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans in 72 AD was horrendous.  Starvation from the siege.  Jewish people were sold into slavery.  There was in-fighting.  Even Christians persecuted the Jews especially in the Middle Ages, mistakenly applying this passage to themselves as being God’s instrument  who should curse the Jews.  The Diaspora.

Yet, God is not done with Israel.  No other nation on earth has lasted as long.  The greats are gone:  Egypt, Rome, Greeks, Persians, Babylonians, Assyria, etc.  Only Israel still stands.  They shall always be His chosen people.  As such, we need to pray for them.

BSF Study Questions The Life of Moses Lesson 27, Day 2: Deuteronomy 27

Introductory Notes:  Each day is a chapter so much more manageable than last week.  Still, give yourself some time to complete each lesson.

Summary of passage:  Moses commands the people to write the law onto stones and set them upon Mount Ebal once they cross into the Promised Land.  Build an altar on Mount Ebal and offer sacrifices to God.  Moses said the tribes of Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Joseph, and Benjamin will stand on Mount Gerizim and offer blessings to the people.  The tribes of Reuben, Gad, Asher, Zebulun, Dan, and Naphtali will offer curses to the people from Mount Ebal.

The curses are:  anyone who carves a graven image or idol, one who dishonors his mother or father, one who moses his neighbor’s boundary stone, one who leads the blind man astray, one who withholds justice, one who commits adultery, one who has sex with animals, one who sleeps with his mother-in-law, sister, or daughter, one who kills, one who accepts a bribe, and one who doe not uphold the law by carrying them out.

Questions:

3a)  Set up some large stones coated with plaster and write on them the law.  He also commanded them to set up an altar to offer sacrifices to God.

b)  To rejoice in the presence of God, to thank Him for bringing them to the land, and to remember the laws.

4a)  Moses them commanded the tribes of Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Joseph, and Benjamin will stand on Mount Gerizim and offer blessings to the people. The tribes of Reuben, Gad, Asher, Zebulun, Dan, and Naphtali will offer curses to the people from Mount Ebal.

b)  Personal Question.  My answer:  No specific times come to mind but just reading the Bible daily imbues life lessons and warnings that I carry around in my heart that I hope arise when needed.

Conclusions:  Reading easy, but I wish we’d just get on with it and enter the Promised Land!  Again, repetition and warnings to obey God’s commands faithfully.  This seems to be the most important thing God wants from the people.  Obey Him.

End Notes:  Joshua carried out Moses’s instructions for these blessings and curses in Joshua 8:30-35.  Mount Ebal had special significance for the Israelites who believed that Abraham first worshipped God near here after receiving the original promise of the land (Genesis 15).

By commanding no iron tools be used, God was ensuring all the glory went to Him and none to the stone-carver.

Deuteronomy is a contract between the king and His subjects.

The command to curse and bless the people was also fulfilled by Joshua in Joshua 8:32-35.

Amen means “so be it.”  Hence, when someone was cursed, this was uttered.

Note that the altar is built upon Mount Ebal, which is the mountain from which curses are pronounced.  Why not build an altar on Mount Gerizim, the mountain of blessings?  Because even in our sin, there is God, waiting for us to repent with a sacrifice and come to Him.  Awesome!

Note now we cannot be cursed–Jesus took all of our curses upon himself.  God does not punish nor curse us under the New Covenant.  What grace!

BSF Study Questions The Life of Moses Lesson 26, Day 5: Deuteronomy 17-26

Survival Tip of the Day:  If you just read Deuteronomy 17, 18 & 26, you’ll be able to answer the questions fairly quickly.

End Notes: My end notes will only cover the passages we are asked questions about. It is too much to do them all in one week.

Summary of passages:  Deuteronomy 17:  A person should be stoned if they are found guilty by two or more witnesses of doing evil in violation of His covenant or bowing down to other gods.  Have your cases judges in difficult circumstances and abide by the judge’s rulings.  If you want to appoint a king over you, it must a king of the Lord’s choosing and a native.  He must not be greedy and go back to Egypt for horses nor accumulate great wealth.  He must not take many wives.  He is to copy the law and read it always.

Deuteronomy 18:  Review of the offerings the people are to give the Levites.  If a Levite moves towns, he is to minister in the new town and receive a share of the offerings.  God warns against detestable practices, which would turn that person to detestable if they practiced it (child sacrifice, divination, etc).  God says He will send another prophet to speak for Him (Jesus).  A false prophet who says things that doesn’t come true must be put to death.

Deuteronomy 19:  Review of cities of refuge (Numbers 35).  Need more than one witness to convict a man of a crime.  False witnesses are to be killed.  Exodus 21:24 is repeated “eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot.”

Deuteronomy 20:  Do not be afraid in war for God will be with you.  The priest shall offer up a pep talk.  The officers will allow soldiers with new homes, a fiancee, new vineyards, or just plain scared a chance to go home if they choose (very unconventional for that time).  Before battle, the Israelites are to offer the people peace.  If they accept, they all will become slaves.  If they don’t, lay siege to the city, kill all the men and the rest is plunder.  However, the cities that are your inheritance, you are to kill everyone and anything that breathes.  This is so all the detestable things will not infect you.  Do not cut down any fruit-bearing trees for use in battle; only use non-fruit-bearing trees.

Deuteronomy 21:  If a man is found murdered and the criminal is unknown, the priests must make atonement for the shedding of blood with a heifer that has never been worked.  The Israelites may take a captive woman as a wife after a month of mourning and she may leave if you are not pleased with her.  The firstborn son receives the inheritance despite which wife bore him.  A rebellious son is to be stoned to death.  Don’t desecrate the land God is giving you by leaving a hung man hanging from a tree.

Deuteronomy 22:  Various laws described here including returning your neighbor’s stray animals, not wearing the other sex’s clothing, not capturing a mother bird, building a parapet for your house, etc.  A man may not slander the name of his wife because he is displeased with her.  However, if the wife did have premarital sex, she must be stoned.  If you commit adultery, both the man and woman must die.  Rape is punishable by death.  A man must marry a girl he rapes if they are both unbetrothed.  A man must never marry his father’s wife.

Deuteronomy 23:  No one emasculated may enter the assembly.  No one born out of wedlock may enter.  No Amorite nor Moabite nor descendants for 10 generations may enter as punishment for Balaam.  Keep the camp clean by disposing of waste products in the ground.  Avoid anything impure.  A list of miscellaneous laws including give refuge to a runaway slave, don’t become a shrine prostitute, don’t charge a brother interest, keep your vows, and eat of your neighbor’s vineyard and grain but do not take any with you.

Deuteronomy 24:  A continuation of miscellaneous laws from Deut 23.  Do not re-marry a spouse.  Do not take away a man’s livelihood to pay a debt.  Don’t kinda an Israelite or you will be put to death. Follow the priests in the case of dealing with leprous diseases.  Do not take advantage of employees, orphans, foreigners, or widows.  Leave sheaves of grain, olives, and grapes behind for the poor to reap.

Deuteronomy 25:  More miscellaneous laws:  Take disputes to courts before a judge to decide.  A man should marry his brother’s wife if he die  without an heir.  Cut off the hand of a woman who touches a man’s private parts.  Use accurate measures and weights.

Deuteronomy 26:  Review of first fruits from Numbers 18:12 but this was a special one right after the people celebrated their harvest after entering the Promised Land.  (Leviticus 23) and tithes (Deuteronomy 14; Leviticus 27).  Moses tells the people one of the first things they must do when they enter the Promised Land is make an offering to the Lord of their firstfruits in thanks for what the Lord has done for them.  Set aside the tenth for the Levite, widows, orphans, and foreigners in the third year.  Walk in the Lord’s ways as His treasured possession.

Questions:

11a)  The king must be one God chooses and a native.  He must not acquire a great number of horses nor return to Egypt to get more.  He must not take many wives nor accumulate vast wealth.  He is to write a copy of these laws on a scroll and carry with it and read it daily so he can follow the Lord’s decrees all of his days.

b)  Solomon

12a)  Part personal question.  My answer:  Sacrificing sons and daughters in a fire, practice of divination or sorcery, interprets omens, engages in witchcraft, casts spells, is a medium or a spiritist, or someone who consults the dead.  No.

b)  Jesus.  (Also see Acts 7:37)

c)  If what a prophet proclaims in the name of the Lord does not take place or come true, that is a message the Lord has not spoken.

13a)  As a giving back to the Lord what He has given them.  As a goodwill offering for God’s promise of bringing them to the land of milk and honey.  As a celebration of God.

b)  Joyful (verse 11).

c)  Personal Question.  My answer:  Work harder.  Sleep even less.  Remove my complacency and lack of motivation that has set in the last few weeks.

Conclusions:  Raise your hand if you knew the answer to 12b was Jesus without having to look it up?  Great nuggets in here that we just don’t have time to study (I highlighted some below:  care for animals and trees and the poor).  Loved Deuteronomy 24:5  “For one year he (newlywed husband) is to be free to stay at home and bring happiness to the wife he has married.”  God so loves marriage and knows a strong bond is needed to endure.  Isn’t this awesome?

End Notes:  Deuteronomy 17:  Reflecting Exodus 21-23, the first part is directed towards judges.

By requiring the witnesses to be the first to cast the first stone, this ensured they were absolutely sure of what they saw and were testifying about.  John 8:7 refers to this.

Here we see the Biblical validation of appellate court system and contempt of court.

God knew 400 years into the future Israel would demand a king.  1 Samuel 8:6-9 records the moment.  It appears to be that God did not want an earthly king for He alone is king.  Furthermore, I’m sure “as all the other nations have” didn’t please God either since they were supposed to remain apart.  We see the difference immediately in following God’s word:  Saul versus David.  Which one was chosen by God and which wasn’t?  Maybe a king would do better since the Israelites history is not all that good.

Solomon broke all of God’s commands despite His closeness with God.  He wanted power, pleasure, and money–the sins that trip most of us up.

No better advice in the Bible is found here.  Carrying the word around with you, reading it and studying it daily, revering the Lord, staying humble, and knowing right from wrong.  There is no better way to keep one from sinning than reading and praying and studying God’s word.

Fun Fact:  Martin Luther once said he’d rather live in hell with the Bible than in Paradise without one.

Fun Fact:  The name “Deuteronomy” comes from this chapter and it’s a result of mistranslation.  “A copy of this law” used to read “this second law”.

Deuteronomy 18:  Witchcraft is a broad term here that could mean any thing dealing in the occult.  It is the same word used in Ezekiel 21:21.  Witchcraft is the work of Satan.  Period.  This includes so called “benevolent” witchcraft such as Wicca.

Astrology is forbidden as well since it encourages people to trust in things of creation (stars, moon, etc) instead of the Creator.

Those who “interpret omens” are the psychics.  The word omen means “to hiss” or “to whisper”.

A sorcerer is one who uses drugs to gain knowledge, which alters the mind.  Modern-day drug use is classified as this as well.  Same word seen in Micah 5:12.

A medium stands between our world and the spirit world and claims to channel both.

All are powers of the darkness and God does not look upon these sins lightly.  This is one of the reasons the Canaanites were judged so harshly by God.  Other cultures sinned, but not all of them engaged in the powers of darkness.

If God tells us something, that doesn’t mean we are commanded to speak it.  Prophets knowledge will come true if it is from God.

Deuteronomy 20:  A great example of God’s care for all of His creations–the trees!  He ordered His people to leave the fruit-bearers alone.  God is practical.

Deuteronomy 22:  This is the most interesting thing to me in these chapters:  Leave the mother bird alone!  Can you imagine out of all the animals in the world God chose this?  God’s love for all His creations shines through here.  Even more reason we should all be animal lovers.

Deuteronomy 24:  Gleaning is still practiced today even in America.  Religious organizations contract with farmers to harvest what is left after the harvest in order to feed the poor.

Deuteronomy 26:  Even though Egypt was a pagan society God chose it to grow the Israelites into a nation.  Why?  The Egyptians were racists and looked down upon the Israelites so much that they would not intermarry with them.  They could be completely isolated per se; yet still in a protected place to grow.

The firstfruits offering was a way to worship the Lord as are our tithes.

Follow God with your HEART.  That is the message of Deuteronomy.

DEUTERONOMY WRAP-UP:  In Deuteronomy 4-26 Moses has reminded Israel of God’s commands.  He has warned of disobedience and encouraged in obedience.  He has done everything in his power to prepare the people before he leaves them.  He has instructed, reminded, and encouraged.  The rest is up to them and God.

Although Deuteronomy repeats large portions of Exodus, Leviticus, and Numbers, Deuteronomy focuses on why people should obey the aforementioned laws:  because God loves them.  God asks for obedience in return.  15 times Deuteronomy says to love God.  Jesus quotes Deuteronomy 6:5 as the greatest commandment to Love God.  Important, wouldn’t you think?

Moses emphasizes the laws are for our good.  There would be no excuse from man about what was required of him.  Obeying the rules would be a whole other matter.

Christians often wonder why bad things happen to them when God promises so many good things.  Christians often get the Old Testament mixed up with the New Testament and forget that once Jesus came he changed everything.

The Old Testament covenant was only with the ancient Israelites.  It was nulled when Jesus came.  God promised prosperity beyond their dreams, protection, and even free from disease IF the people obeyed.  God said, “Do good; get blessed.  Do evil; get punished.”  Well, we all know they didn’t obey; hence, they never received the fulfillment of God’s promises.

We cannot apply Old Testament promises that were not made to us–to us!  Jesus promised certain rewards for Christians, most of which are not of this world.  He spoke of poverty, rejection, and persecution.  Our reward is eternal life in heaven.  Could we ask for anything more worthy?

Time Fact to Complete This Lesson: 3 days and 5 hours.

Total Time and Days to Complete This Lesson:  7 days and 18 hours!  I’m wore out!

BSF Study Questions The Life of Moses Lesson 26, Day 4: Deuteronomy 12-16

End Notes: My end notes will only cover the passages we are asked questions about. It is too many chapters to do in one week.

Summary of passages:  Deuteronomy 12:  Moses tells the people to destroy all the altars to other gods, burn their Ashram poles, and cut down their idols.  Don’t worship God in the way the pagans worshipped their gods.  The people shall rest once they have finished defeating the pagans.  Then God will chose the place they will worship Him and they are to bring their offerings to Him there.  Moses says they may kill animals but never eat their blood.  They are to eat their tithe only in the presence of the Lord.  Do exactly what God says to do without adding or detracting in any way.

Deuteronomy 13:  Do not believe false prophets who try to lead you into worshipping other gods.  This is a test sent by the Lord to test your heart.  That prophet must be put to death for his crimes.  If your brother, sister, son or daughter try to lead you to other gods, they must be put to death as well.  If people in your town are leading you astray, they must be killed and the town destroyed along with all the livestock as a burnt offering to the Lord.

Deuteronomy 14:  Lists clean and unclean food the Israelites could eat (repetition of Leviticus 11).  Moses reminds the Israelites about tithing.  Set aside one tenth of your produce each year for the Lord to eat in His presence or exchange it for silver if you live far away to but items at the tabernacle to be consumed in the Lord’s presence.  Every three years the tithes are to be stored for the Levites, aliens, orphans, and widows to live on.

Deuteronomy 15:  Review of Jubilee year (Leviticus 25), freeing servants (Leviticus 25), and setting aside the firstborn animal for God (Exodus 13).

Deuteronomy 16:  Review of the Passover Festivals, Feast of Weeks and the Feast of Tabernacles (Leviticus 23).   Moses tells the people to appoint judges for each tribe in every town.

Questions:

9a)  Destroy completely all the places where the nations worshipped their gods.  Break down their altars, smash their sacred stones, and burn their Ashram poles.  Cut down their idols and wipe out their names from those places.

b)  Because only in that place would the presence of God dwell.  The people are to worship in His presence.  Otherwise, they wouldn’t be worshipping with God.

c)  Personal Question.  My answer:  Worship is to be taken seriously and if God is not invited in and not present, then it’s meaningless.  We are to worship Him and He is to receive it.  Going through the motions is unacceptable to God.

10)  Part Personal Question.  My answer:  False prophets, relatives (brother, son, daughter, wife or other relatives), and townspeople (wicked men).  Honestly, they don’t trouble me because I don’t associate with them.  False prophets are easy to spot.  My relatives are mostly believers and the ones that aren’t aren’t close to me.  I also don’t associate with friends who would lead me astray (Admittedly, I don’t have much contact with the outside world so my connections are limited).

Conclusions:  Loved the emphasis on worshipping God where He is and taking it seriously.  Question 10 was a toss-out.  I am a very strong personality, very strong beliefs, and am very opinionated and not afraid to say it.  So it’s hard for me to be influenced by others.

Much of this passage was review of Leviticus.  Thank goodness!

End Notes:  Deuteronomy 12:  The destroying of the places of worship went completely against contemporary practice.  In the ancient world, it was difficult to build buildings and time consuming.  They had only simple tools and machines.  Nothing like we have today.  So the ancients would re-use buildings and if one empire conquered another, they’d simply remove the old temple’s accessories and replace it with theirs.  Not here.  God wanted no part in a building not meant for Him.

As usual, the Israelites did not fully follow these rules and tear down the places.  Hundreds of years later in a temple renovation a priest discovered the Book of the Law (scholars believe it was a copy of Deuteronomy), which resulted in a renewed vigor for God (2 Kings 22-23).  God’s work never ceases to mystify–how He uses disobedience for obedience hundreds of years later.

The Israelites had been doing their own thing with regards to worship.  “No more,” God says.  “Once you are settled, there will be a place dedicated to me.”  Rejoicing is commanded, both here and in the New Testament (Philippians 4:4; 1 Thessalonians 5:16).

Animals could be killed for purposes of meat only.  It didn’t have to be just for a sacrifice.

Tragically, the Israelites were infected by the Canaanite worship of their god, Molech, that demanded children as sacrifices.  From Solomon on, the worship of Molech is recorded and was a systemic problem throughout Israel’s history.  One can only wonder what would have happened if the Israelites had done as the Lord said–destroyed the people and their places of worship and followed Him whole-hearted.  Wonder if earth would be any better off?

Deuteronomy 13:  It is rare for God to speak solely through a dream.  One must look for confirmation of that dream.  Deuteronomy 18:22 speaks of the easier one to discern:  a dreamer whose prediction does not come to pass.  Here we examine a dreamer whose prediction does come to pass but then tries to turn you away from God.  This is a test from God of your heart for Him.

Jesus warns in Mark 16:17 that signs follow believers; believers are not to follow signs as Satan will arrive, performing miracles (2 Thessalonians 2:9).

We must remember ancient Israel was a theocracy where the civil laws matched the religious laws.  Hence, some penalties that seem harsh to us today were permitted by God before Jesus came and ushered in the New Covenant.  Israel was the only true theocracy sanctioned by the One, True God.  Some say some Islamic countries are theocracies but non of them are pure–some secular laws are in existence there.

As we studied in Matthew 10:37 last year, God is above family.  The same is here.  Leading someone away from the Almighty is punishable by death since God is the giver of eternal life, you essentially have damned them.  Again, casting of the first stone is seen here as well.  (See also Matthew 18:6).

“Detestable” used to be translated “abomination”, which is a much stronger word and much more correct in translation.  It meant anything God could not stand and was impure, unholy, and unclean.

By destroying all within the city, it ensured no one would profit from the ruin of the city.  This deterred false reports.

The city was to remain a ruin forever.  Archaeologists believe these ruins (known as tel or tells) are the towns mentioned here.  Click HERE and HERE for examples.

Map Showing the King’s Highway and Israel’s Camp:  http://www.biblenews1.com/maps/moabcamp.gif

Time Fact to Complete This Lesson:  3 days and 4 hours.

BSF Study Questions The Life of Moses Lesson 26, Day 3: Deuteronomy 4-11

Survival Hint:  For those of you with little time:  This day tells you where to find the answers in the passages; so if you are in a rush just read the passages for the questions.

End Notes:  My end notes will only cover the passages we are asked questions about.  It is too much to do all the chapters in one week.

Summary of passages:  Deuteronomy 4:  Moses tells the people to obey God’s laws and decrees without adding or subtracting from them.  God is near the people when they pray.  Teach the laws to your children.  Don’t worship idols nor make any.  Obey the covenant.  God will  not forget His promise to you.  Has any other god done what God has done:  revealed Himself and taken a people out of a nation?

Deuteronomy 5:  Moses reviews the Ten Commandments with the people and his account of receiving them on Mount Sinai.  Moses finishes with the command to follow all of God’s commands so that you may live and prosper.

Deuteronomy 6:  God commands the Israelites to love the Lord your God with all your heart, soul, and strength.  To fear God so that they may prosper and keep His decrees.  Moses warns them to not forget God once in the Promised Land and worship only Him.  To tell their children of the past and urge them to obey as well.

Deuteronomy 7:  Moses tells the Israelites they are to destroy the nations completely that they invade, showing no mercy.  They are not to intermarry with them for they will turn the Israelites away from God.   They are to smash their altars and burn their idols for it is detestable to the Lord.  The Israelites were chosen out of all the peoples on the face of the earth to be His people, His treasured possession out of grace and love alone.  God is faithful and will keep His promises and thus demands Israel keep His commands and you will be blessed.  The Lord will drive out the Israelites enemies as He did in the Exodus from Egypt.

Deuteronomy 8:  Again, Moses emphasizes to follow all of God’s commands so that you may prosper. God tested His people to know their hearts.  He tested our hunger so we would know we live on every word of God.  God disciplines His children.  Praise God for the good land He has given you so you don’t become proud in the good times and forget God and say it was you who did all these things.  God gives us the ability to produce wealth.  If you disobey, you will be destroyed.

Deuteronomy 9:  God will be the one going ahead of the Israelites as they take the Promised Land.  God will defeat them not because of anything the Israelites have done but because the nations were wicked and needed to be judged.

Moses reminds the people of God’s anger when He is disobeyed like at Mount Sinai, Taberah, Massah, and at Kibroth Hattaavah.  He reminds them of their rebellion at Kadesh and their subsequent punishment of wandering the desert for 40 years. (Numbers 11-14)

Deuteronomy 10:  Moses recounts how he made the stone tablets and the Ark of the Covenant to hold them.  He recounts Aaron’s death and the setting aside of the tribe of Levi to be the priests and caretakers of the ark.  He tells the people to fear God, walk in His ways, love Him, serve Him, and obey His commandments.

Deuteronomy 11:  Again, Moses says to love and obey God and keep His laws so that they may be able to take the land and live long.  God will provide rain and grass for the animals.  Moses warns to be careful not to turn to other gods.  The people will be blessed if they obey; cursed if they disobey.

Questions:

5a)  We are the people of God’s inheritance.  If you seek the Lord with all your heart and all your soul, you will find Him for he is merciful and will not abandon you nor forget His covenant with you.  Beside God there is no other–He created the earth and everything on it.  His love brought the Israelites out of Egypt and gave them the Promised Land.  No other god has spoken to His people nor rescued a chosen people like our God.

b)  God rescued the people from Egypt to be His inheritance, meaning we are to do God’s will and not our will.  God chose the Israelites as His people out of His great love for them.  They heard His voice, saw miraculous signs, and defeated enemies out of His love and mercy and so that they might know Him.  He spoke to them to discipline them.

c)  Personal Question.  My answer:  Born in the 21st century where life is considerably easier.  Born in the US where I am free and also where life is easier.  This privilege allows me to study the Bible and make Him known more as I know Him more.  And as at the Bible says, I was chosen to be a believer, to be saved for eternity–that is a privilege.  God has chosen me to be with Him all the days He gives–that is the greatest privilege of all.

6a)  Obey all His decrees and commands and laws.

b)  Part Personal Question.  My answer:  To talk about them when they are sitting at home and when they are walking along the road, when they lied down and when they got up.  To make symbols of God’s commandments and bind them to their foreheads and hearts.  To tell them how God brought them out of Egypt and performed miracles and gave the land to them.  If they obey God, they will prosper.

I will try to give God all the glory for all of our blessings and our troubles.  To speak of Him daily. To pray daily.  To read His word.  To live out His teachings.  Let my children know it is all because of Him.

7)  We should follow all of God’s commands so that we may prosper. God tested His people to know their hearts. He tested our hunger so we would know we live on every word of God. God disciplines His children. Praise God for the good land He has given you so you don’t become proud in the good times and forget God and say it was you who did all these things. God gives us the ability to produce wealth. If you disobey, you will be destroyed.  God is the ultimate judge as He judged the occupiers of the Promised Land and destroyed them.

8 )  “To fear the Lord your God, to walk in all his ways, to love him to serve the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your should and to observe the Lord’s commands and decrees.”

Conclusions:  Grace and love is the theme for all 8 of these chapters.  A ton here and a lot of it is review of things we’ve already read.  Moses is teaching the new generation, emphasizing how they must obey or face judgement.  If they merely obey and love God, they will prosper.  It is that simple.

End Notes:  Deuteronomy 4:  Moses just reviewed the past sins of the people.  Now he will review the laws and the importance of obedience so the people do not repeat the mistakes of the past.  Obedience would be key as the Israelites engaged in battles with the occupants of the Promised Land.  God had to be with them to defeat their enemies; and that required obedience.

God wanted them to be an example to others nations, which would spread the Gospel to come.

Moses especially pointed out their time at Mount Sinai.  This he wanted the children to be taught.  Here, the people heard God speak but saw no form–a powerful testament against idols.  Here the laws were given.  Moses warned them not to worship the creation but the Creator.

If God punished Moses, the closest person to God possibly ever besides Jesus, then He will punish them as well.  Still, the people would cross over without him.  Their lives didn’t depend on a man (Moses); it depended on God. Hebrews 12:29 quotes verse 24.

God often gives us what we want–the good and the bad.  If the people wanted idols, He’d give them idols–by sending them to a land full of idols.

Upon examination of your life, believers and unbelievers are confronted with the fact only God could do the miracles in their lives–providing the strength and courage to overcome every obstacle in our path.  Following God’s way is the only way in the face of all the other choices.  And all God asks is obedience.

As his final act Moses is giving the law to the new generation.  One can only hope they heed his/His words.

Deuteronomy 6:  Known as the Shema, verses 4-9 are recited every morning and evening by orthodox Jews and have been for hundreds of years.  They may very well be the most quoted verses in the entire Bible.

The Hebrew word used here for “one” encompasses a compound unity.  First used in Genesis, we see the word again used in Exodus 26:6 to describe the tents as one–meaning two parts joined together.  The word encompasses the Trinity.  The Hebrew for “Lord” here as well is a plural noun.  Moses was indicating the Trinity.

God wants obedience first and then He wants our love as he states.  Everything else (our time, money, etc ) follows.

Here we see where phylacteries (little boxes worn on the forehead) came from as well as mezuzah (small boxes of scripture nailed on doorways).

Moses is warning about forgetting God, especially in good times.  God knows in the future the people will obey, prosper, and then fall into sin and do this again and again and again (book of Judges).

Like I said before, Jesus used these passages to rebuke Satan in the desert (Matthew 4).

Massah (Exodus 17:1-17) is where the Israelites doubted God’s love for them, which tested God–another no-no that Jesus used to rebuke Satan in Matthew 4.

Here we see stark examples of why the Old Covenant didn’t work and why we needed Jesus and the New Covenant he brought.  The Old Covenant demanded obedience or be punished.  As we’ve seen in this study, the Israelites failed miserably in this.  The New Covenant demands faith in Jesus.  Period.  We receive forgiveness instead of punishment.  The New Covenant brought us the Holy Spirit, written on our hearts, and giving us the ability to obey. (Romans 8:1-4).  This is the power of Jesus, the infinite wisdom of God, and the ultimate show of grace and love in all of the world.

In verse 25, we see you had to obey all the laws to be righteous before God (impossible).  Here, we have Jesus.  Faith in him and we are righteous.  How awesome!

It it imperative to teach your kids about God or they will become placid amid all the comforts of this world.  We see today in the entitlement generation.  Key is God and His word.  Recounting Him and reading His word and walking in His word.  That’s the best way to ensure your kids don’t take Him and His blessings for granted.

Deuteronomy 7:  This chapter is all about God’s grace to the Israelites.  How He chose them and how He will provide for them defeat their enemies.  Everything God does is for our good if we’d only listen.  He says to destroy the peoples and their idols to protect themselves from their influence.  Great stuff!

Deuteronomy 8:  God wants us to rely on Him and be content in the humility.  He tests us so that we would know our hearts; God already knows our hearts.  Be humble.  Depend on God.  Read His word.

God wants you to prosper; but not to worship prosperity.

Great reminders here about forgetting God in the good times and only needing Him in the poor times.  He blesses us to do His work and not ours.

Pride is dangerous as this is the sin that took Satan himself down.  We must be wary always.

Deuteronomy 9:  To defeat their enemies, the people would need God.  Complete faith in Him alone to do the impossible.

By reminding the Israelites of their past sins, God desires them to turn to Him in the face of sin.

Deuteronomy 10:  Circumcise your hearts refers to the circumcision of all Jewish (and now Christian) boys when there were 8 days old.  This not only sets the Israelites apart from their uncircumcised neighbors, but it’s a metaphor of how the Israelites are to live their life–out of the Spirit, not the flesh.  This command is repeated in Jeremiah 4:4, but uncircumcised hearts are recorded in Leviticus 26:41, Jeremiah 9:26, and Ezekiel 44:7 and 9.

God requires justice, compassion, and reverence from us.  “He is your praise” as you praise Him and all that you do is praise to Him.

Map Showing the Camp of Israel and the Tribes God commands them to conquer in Deuteronomy 7 (Hittites, Girgashites, Amorites, Canaanites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites):

http://www.kidsbiblemaps.com/joshua-promised-land.jpg

Fun Fact:  Deuteronomy promises the new land to the Israelites 69 times.

Fun Fact:  Deuteronomy commands us to love God 13 times.  Love is a decision, not a feeling.

Time Fact to Complete this Lesson:  3 days and 6 hrs.