Summary of passage: The Lord saw there was no one to intervene for the people and was appalled. So God used his own arm to bring salvation and righteousness, putting on a breastplate and helmet (reminds me of Ephesians 6:10-17). He will come like a pent-up flood and will repay his enemies according to what they have done. Men will fear the name of the Lord and revere His glory. The Redeemer will come to those who repent of their sins. The Lord’s covenant is with the people as His Spirit is upon them and His words He put in their mouths will not depart throughout the generations.
10a) There was no one, no man to intervene on Israel’s behalf–to show them the way back to God.
b) Those needing redemption: are lost and blind in the dark, rebellious, treacherous, liars, violent, evil, and have turned their backs on God. The Redeemer: just, righteous, truthful, honest, wears the helmet of salvation, will bring retribution to his foes, will come like a flood with the breath of the Lord behind Him.
11) The Redeemer will come to those who repent of their sins and God’s spirit and words will never depart from them or their descendants forever
12) Isaiah 51:16: I have put my words in your mouth and covered you with the shadow of my hand…”
Matthew 4:4: ”‘Man does not live on bread alone, but on every word that comes from the mouth of God.”
Luke 4:1: ”Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan…”
Matthew 3:16: ”Jesus was baptized…and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and lighting on him.”
Conclusions: Sometimes I wish I could come like a pent-up flood with the breath of the Lord behind me. Or at least live as such.
I scoured the Internet for a good 45 minutes looking for verses for Question 12. I found a lot of implied fulfillments such as Luke 22:20, which did not satisfy me. I was looking specifically for where the Bible says Jesus is the Spirit and God has put words in Jesus’s mouth and was pretty unsuccessful. Let me know what you all found!
I did find this website. Fascinating stuff about the fulfillment of Messianic prophecies with a chart that gives the OT prophecy next to the NT fulfillment: