BSF Study Questions The Life of Moses Lesson 8, Day 2: Exodus 19

Summary of passage:  Three months after leaving Egypt (Number 3 again), the Israelites enter the Desert of Sinai. Here, Moses goes up to God on Mount Sinai to receive God’s Word and Laws for His people.  God tells His people if you obey Him and keep His covenant, you will be a treasured possession and a holy nation.  Moses tells the people this and they agree.  Moses returns to God who tells Moses He will speak to him in a dense cloud so that all the people will hear Him and put their trust in Moses.

God told Moses to prepare the people for His coming by washing and consecrating themselves. The people are not to touch the mountain until the ram’s horn sounds or else they will die.

On the third day (3), God descended Mount Sinai as He promised in fire.  Trumpets blasted and Moses and God spoke.  Then God called Moses to the top of Mount Sinai and told him again not to allow the people to come up to Him but to bring Aaron with him.  Moses obeyed.

Questions:

3)  His amazing love and care for us.  An eagle is considered the top of the food chain in the bird world.  It is also a symbol of power and majesty.  God is carrying us to Him, caring, shielding, guarding, catching and hovering over us the entire time.  See commentary below for more.

4a)  “If you obey me fully and keep my covenant.”

b)  “You will be my treasured possession”, “You will be for me a kingdom of priests”, and “a holy nation”  The people responded “We will do everything the Lord has said.”

c)  Personal Question.  My answer:  With gratitude and honor.  By praising Him.  By extending mercy to others as God has for me.  By doing all in my power to be the holy nation He has called me to be.

5)  God appeared to the people in a dense cloud and allowed the people to hear Him speak with Moses so that they will always put their trust in Moses.

6a)  That they are unworthy to stand on the same ground God does for they are unholy.  Thus, the people need to be holy to be with God and thus need to purify themselves (or nowadays to accept Jesus as their Savior) in order to be with God.  Still, there is a separation of sin from God.  But if God is holy, then the people must strive to be holy as well by following His decrees.

b)  Jesus Christ.  Through faith in Jesus we are justified and thus able to stand with God in His presence through His grace and mercy.  Praise Him!

Conclusions:  Anyone else while reading this wished to be back with Moses to see God in the cloud and hear Him speak?  How awesome!  I’m always jealous that Moses is the one who gets to speak to God.  I imagine myself to be him.

End Notes:  Awesome commentary by Matthew Henry HERE about eagle’s wings.  Amazing our God!

Definition of pinion according to Webster’s:  “the terminal section of a bird’s wing including the carpus, metacarpus, and phalanges.”  Our carpus and metacarpus is our hand and phalanges are our fingers.

So here God is carrying us in His hands.  These feathers are also the feathers that are clipped to prevent a bird from flying.  These are the primary feathers so to speak, the most important ones.  Reports exist of mother eagles carrying their young on their wings. Here God is telling us He is protecting us with all of His strength and carrying us and supporting us every step of the way, beginning from our youth.  He catches us when we fall and carries us till we can fly again.  He is protecting us because an arrow would have to pass through His body before it would hit the babies on His back.

We are going to hang out for 57 chapters until Numbers 10 here in the Wilderness of Sinai, an approximate one year period with the Israelites.  Shows you how important the events there are.  Here is where Moses met God at the burning bush.

IMPORTANT!  No one is sure exactly where Mt Sinai lies today.

God calls His people here “the house of Jacob” because they are acting more like Jacob than Abraham or Isaac right now.

God delivers Israel so that they can be with Him.

Israel is a special treasure to God.  They have the unique purpose of keeping God’s Word and spreading it to the world. We non-Jews should constantly remember Israel in our prayers as they struggle constantly for survival in today’s world. They (and we) are set apart, a holy nation, for His purposes.  We are His; thus, we are special.

At the trumpet sound, the people could come to God.  Revelation, anyone?

Notice it’s the third day God comes.  Number 3 again.

It’s important to note the differences here between the Old Covenant and the New Covenant. Where Moses stands in OT, Jesus stands in NT.  Jesus interceded for us so ALL can come to God.  Here, only Moses can.  Jesus brought grace, forgiveness, and justification. Here, the people are afraid and excluded.  With Jesus, we are loved and included.  One more thing we should be on our knees for–His Son, Jesus Christ.

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BSF Study Questions The Life of Moses Lesson 7, Day 5: Exodus 18

Summary of passage:  Jethro, Moses’ father-in-law, visits Moses, bringing him his wife and two sons with him.  Moses meets him and Moses explains all that the Lord has been doing for the Israelites.  Jethro acknowledges God above all other gods and offers a burnt sacrifice.

The next day Moses sits in judgement of his people.  Immediately, Jethro sees how Moses spent his whole day listening to disputes and suggests that Moses appoint others to listen to the easy disputes so as not to wear himself out.  Then Moses can settle only the difficult disputes, and have time to rest and attend to other matters.  Moses followed his father-in-law’s advice and then Jethro returned to his country.

Questions:

10a)  Probably right after the crossing of the Red Sea because it would be difficult terrain.  Maybe during the plagues as well so they wouldn’t suffer while they were still in Egypt.  The fact is that the Bible does not say so no one knows.  Why this is a challenge question is beyond me.  Nothing in the Bible tells us.

b)  To protect them from something or someone (diseases, plagues, a dictator, hardships, etc).  Or even to better focus on his job (in this case leading the people out of Israel) without distractions.

11a)  Jethro was “delighted”.  He praised the Lord, acknowledged his greatness above all other gods and offered up a burnt offering and other sacrifices to God in praise.

b)  Personal Question.  My answer:  I tend to think my life is not that noteworthy and I haven’t had any great God event occur–certainly not like parting the Red Sea.  So that leaves me with little things:  how God provided during hard times, God protected me when I was young and stupid, God protected us all from things we don’t even know, and God’s faithfulness day-in and day-out.

12a)  Moses was wearing himself out with the heavy workload.  People were standing around all day, waiting for their turn, becoming impatient and angry.  His time was better spent concentrating on leading the people to the Promised Land, not on disputes.

b)  He told Moses to delegate the simple tasks so he would have more time to hear from God.  To train up Godly men to help him.  To teach God’s laws and decrees to the people so that they are better able to govern themselves.

c)  Capable men–men who fear God, trustworthy men who hate dishonest gain.

d)  God

e)  Personal Question.  My answer:  Help me to be a better teacher of his decrees and laws to my kids and others around me.  Help me to ask for help when I need it.  Recently, we started a chore chart with the kids so they could help me keep up with the housecleaning duties.  This was something I desperately needed.  Help me to focus on God’s work and delegate the rest.  Help me to pray more and pray before decisions.

Conclusions:  Leaders must delegate if they are to lead properly.  Here we see the first Biblical example of doing so.  We also see God using others to promote His will and ease some of our burdens.  We see concern and compassion for others and the will to speak Godly advice into others’ lives.  Great stuff!

End Notes:  We assume Jethro worshipped the One, True God as scholars say a priest of Midian may be descended from Abraham (Genesis 25:1-2).

This is the only time Moses’ second son is mentioned.  Eliezer means “God is my helper.”  What a consrast with his first son’s name, meaning “alien there.”

Scholars believe this event is out of order, using Numbers and Deuteronomy as evidence.  They believe this scene happened much later, closer to coming near the Promised Land.

Moses took the advice; a great character trait in leaders.  Moses also prayed about advice from Jethro to make sure it was God’s will as well.

Note the importance of praying and teaching. Pray for others and teach them God’s laws so that they may settle disputes as well.  You are better when you develop those around you as well.  This also blessed those chosen, giving them the opportunity to serve God as well.

BSF Study Questions The Life of Moses Lesson 7, Day 4: Exodus 17:8-16

Summary of passage:  The Amalekites attack the Israelites. Moses sent Joshua out to fight while he, Aaron, and Hur went to a hill. Moses held up his hands and the Israelites would win. Aaron and Hur helped Moses to hold up his hands the entire day for if he didn’t, the Amalekites would win. Joshua overcame in the end and Moses built an alter to God and recorded the event and God’s promise to wipe the Amalekites from history.

Questions:

8a)  Moses calls it the “staff of God” in verse 9.  I think it represented God and God’s blessings

b)  The fact that Moses held up the staff because when Moses held up the staff, the Israelites were winning. When he lowered it, the Israelites were losing.  Presumably, if Moses didn’t hold up the staff, the Israelites would lose the war.  Plus, the staff represents God’s favor so God’s power is in the staff.  Furthermore, we are not told here what God said to do.  All that is recorded is Moses’ orders.  So God could have told Moses to hold up the staff and Moses could have told Joshua to go and fight.  We are not sure.

c)  Personal Question.  My answer:  Not sure what the pronoun “this” is referring to in this question.  “This” could be the whole passage.  “This” could be the previous question.  BSF is unclear here.  I’m gonna go with the previous question here.  Moses had to pray to win the battle.  So must I.  I must pray to win my battles and lately I’ve been remiss of this as I’ve felt a bit far from God.  Prayer is a weapon that I must wield much more often.

9a)  The account of this battle and that God will completely blot out the memory of the Amalekites.

b)  Two-fold:  So this battle can be remembered by future generations as a testament to God’s greatness and glory and mercy. So that His people would know that their enemies, the Amalekites, are insignificant and God will keep His promise to blot them from history.

c)  Personal Question.  My answer:  It’s more oral tales than written records.  Give God the credit to all in my life.  Hopefully, my life will be a testament itself.

Conclusions:  Too many pronouns “this” in this passage.  I had to go immediately to commentary to answer some of these.  Other Bible translations proved helpful as well.

My take away:  Pray.

End Notes:  Amalek was the grandson of Esau (Genesis 36:12).  The Amalekites were a group of wandering nomads in the Sinai at this time.  In Deuteronomy 25:17-18 we learn that the Amelekites attacked the end of the line where the women, children, old, and the baggage lay.  This was a cowardly act of war, intent to just steal from the Israelites.

This was the first battle for the Israelites in 400 years.  They had to rely on God for this one.

Moses calls the rod “the rod of God”.  God calls the rod “the rod of Moses”.  Love the honor here!

This is the first time in the Bible we meet Joshua, who always is faithful to Moses and God.

Scholars believe Hur was Miriam’s husband.

Moses holding up his hands was the traditional way for the Israelites to pray much like we bow our heads.  Here, Moses is praying.  When he stops praying, God stops acting.  Great lesson for us to learn–the power of prayer.

Praying was the hard work here, not the battle.  Note Moses needed others to support him–just like we do in our Christian walks.

Today many of God’s peoples are defeated because they do not pray.  Fighting is important and with prayer it’s indestructible.

Moses is commanded five times to write down something by God (Exodus 17:14, Exodus 24:4-7, Exodus 34:27, Numbers 33:1-2, and Deuteronomy 31:9, 24).

More battles will give the Amalekites time to repent.  God is good.

Favorite Map showing Rephidim where the Amalekites attacked Israel:  http://headwatersresources.org/blog/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/ExodusColorNotesFramedCC.jpg

Fun Fact:  Jesus is the Greek pronunciation of Joshua.  They are the same name.  You can see why in the lives of both men.

BSF Study Questions The Life of Moses Lesson 7, Day 3: Exodus 17:1-7

Summary of passage:  The Israelites set out for their journey to Canaan, traveling from place to place, still in the Desert of Sin.  They reach Rephidim where there is no water so they again complain to Moses.  Moses asks them why do they test the Lord.  Still, they protest.  Moses, exasperated, asks God what to do.  God tells Moses to strike a rock at Horeb to bring forth water for the people.

Questions:

6a)  They complained they had no water and they accused him of bringing them out of Egypt so they could die–the same complaint they made in Exodus 16.

b)  Because they lacked faith in God to provide.

c)  He met their needs, specifically by sending out Moses to bring forth water from the rock of Horeb.

d)  Water, especially in the desert is precious and life-giving.  Jesus said he brings the water of eternal life if you choose to drink it (which is accept him as the Savior).  Jesus is our Rock, our salvation, and if you drink from the rock, you drink of him.  When Jesus was struck like this rock, living water flowed.  We received the Holy Spirit from that rock and water (Jesus).

7a)  The grumbled about water (Exodus 15:24; 17:2-3) and food (Exodus 16:3).  Three times they grumbled, repenting zero times.

b)  Personal Question.  My answer:  I am ungrateful a lot of the time, not remembering my blessings like the Israelites. I can be flippant as well to others and dismissive and selfish.  I will ask God to allow me to remember my blessings, have a more grateful heart, and be kinder with my words and attitudes towards others.  Lessen my selfishness.

Conclusions:  I liked this cause it was a short read.  It’s hard to read how much the Israelites grumbled cause I wonder how much I do the same thing.  I think they are idiots, but I’m sure God thinks the same of me as well.  Luckily, He showers me with grace like He did the Israelites as I continue on my imperfect path.

Please read John 7:39 for question 6d.  It specifically says the living water is the Holy Spirit.  I’m not sure why BSF cut that verse off.

End Notes:  We in the Western world have a hard time understanding thirst.  I know I don’t think I’ve ever gone without water for a day.  So to go three days without water I cannot imagine.  But without it you will die.  And when dehydration sets in, the mind starts going and I’m sure patience as well.  Thirst is the number one need and the most important here.

We can learn from Moses who took his problems to God in complete faith to solve them, which He did.

God has Moses perform this miracle for all to see so that they would know God is with them.

God answers with no words of reproach–something I know I need to work on.

In Deuteronomy, God specifically refers to this test at Massah and Meribah as examples of unbelief.

The greatest sin of the Israelites is right here in their own words:  “Is the Lord among us or not?”  I think even if God appeared personally, someone would doubt.  I wonder what quality this is in us humans to doubt our eyes and our ears.  Every lower animal relies on their senses to survive and we rely on our brain.  Sometimes I think this may not be such a good thing.  We overthink instead of just using our senses and knowing.

I wonder how much God’s heart broke because of this.  What God wants most from us–belief in Him.  Sad.  Very, very sad.

We cannot think of the Sinai Peninsula as barren with no life.  It is a desert but it’s a high plateau with mountains, trees, and some grasslands.  It cannot support a large population but it does support life.

Insane in-depth analysis of the Wilderness of Sin, using mostly ariel satellite images.  Great website to get an idea of what the landscape is like.  Remember, no one is sure of these exact locations.  These are the best guesses, using the Bible in terms of location.  To me, it’s a great visual to gain a sense of what the Israelites faced.

http://www.bible.ca/archeology/bible-archeology-exodus-route-wilderness-of-sin.htm

BSF Study Questions The Life of Moses Lesson 7, Day 2: Exodus 15:22-16:36

Summary of passage:  The Exodus continues now as Moses leads God’s people from the Red Sea through the Desert of Shur.  Here, they could not find water so Moses cries out to the Lord.  God shows Moses a log which he throws in the water to purify it.  The Lord made a decree with his people that if they listened to Him and followed his command and kept his decrees, He would not bring any diseases upon them.

Exodus 16:  The march through the desert is not easy so the people begin to grumble against Moses and Aaron, saying they have brought them out here to die.  The Lord then promised to rain down bread from heaven and have the people gather the bread.  Moses told the people they would receive bread in the mornings and meat in the evenings from the Lord since He has heard their grumblings against Him.  The people could see the glory of the Lord speaking to Moses.  God did this so they would know He is the Lord their God.

God sent manna and quail for the Israelites to eat.  They were to take only what was needed and not save any. When some took too much, it rotted by morning.  On the sixth day, the people are to gather enough food for the Sabbath.  This they are allowed to store.  However, as always, some disobeyed and tried to find food, angering the Lord.

The Lord commanded the people to keep some manna as a reminder of their journey.  For 40 years, the people ate manna provided by God until they came to Canaan.

Questions:

3a)  Three days

b)  Moses cried out to the Lord and He heard and showed Moses a piece of wood, which he threw in the water, purifying it.

c)  The people must listen carefully to the voice of the Lord and do what is right in His eyes and pay attention to His commands and keep all of his decrees, then He would never bring diseases upon His people.

d)  He is the Lord their God who heals them.

4a)  The people think that Moses has brought them into the desert when it is the Lord who has done so.

b)  God. Verses 7, 8 & 9

5a)  He rained down bread (manna) for the people in the morning and provided meat (quail) for them in the evenings. He did this for 40 years.

b)  It was a test to see if the people followed His instructions exactly.  If they listened to God and followed His decrees.  It also tested their faith and reliance on God to provide for their needs.

c)  Jesus said that God gave them the bread from heaven but the true bread is himself–the one who came down from heaven and gives life to the world.  Jesus follows with one of his most famous statements, saying he is the bread of life and whoever comes to him in faith and belief will have everlasting life.

d)  Personal Question.  My answer:  I am assuming you can read this as how have you experienced Jesus.  For me, he is everywhere always in every nook and cranny of my being.  I experience him every day and praise and thank him for my life which he has blessed me with.  He is my bread, my salvation and I pray I live that every day of my life.

Conclusions:  My favorite part is how the Israelites grumble against Moses but it’s truly against God.  How often do we do this? Blame others and lash out at them when it’s not their fault and we are truly mad at God for our circumstances.  We blame others when it’s our lack of faith that is to blame.  I loved how both God and Moses called the people on it and highlighted their lack of faith and ungratefulness.  I also like how it only took 3 days from seeing God at His most powerful for the Israelites to forget.

I wonder what it must have been like to see manna fall from the sky.  Cool!

End Notes:  Experts say 3 days is the maximum amount of time the human body can go without water under desert conditions.

Why did Moses not use his rod he is carrying that have worked the wonders before?  Every time, God has granted Moses and the rod the ability to do His bidding.  The same here.  God must give the rod magic powers; the rod itself has nothing to do with it.  Hence, God chooses a log instead, reminiscent of the cross.  Scholars also say this water was purified with elements to cleanse the Israelites of any maladies from Egypt.  So it cleansed and it satisfied.

When God calls you to obey Him, it is really a test.

Many of God’s laws is to keep the people safe from diseases.

Elim was a place of restoration for the people.  Testing would come later as they continued their journey across the desert.

Exodus 16 opens with one month after leaving Egypt.  The people are headed towards the Sinai but they must cross the Wilderness of Sin first.

Note the Israelites were the only ones to call the bread manna, which means “What is it?”  God almost always called it “bread from heaven”.  God provides in unexpected ways.

God could have been mad about the complaints.  Instead, He had compassion and mercy on them and gave them what they needed.

The quails here migrate over the Sinai Peninsula and at night they rest and are easy picking for predators.

Manna was a thin, flaky substance left over when the dew evaporated, which the people had to gather.  No one really knows exactly what it was but God.  No one knows exactly how much an omer was either.  It had to be gathered by each family when it appeared.  No laziness accepted.

The first mention of the Sabbath is right here!  The first mention since God rested after the creation, that is, in Genesis 2.  The root word of ‘rest’ and ‘Sabbath’ are the same.  I missed this because I am so used to the Sabbath being holy but here the Israelites had no clue what God was doing.  Hence, I think in some small way this can explain why some disobeyed (even though they shouldn’t have) to gather the bread.  God was teaching here and some unfortunately missed it.

Just as God provided, God stopped once they arrived in Canaan.  He blessed them instead with the joy of providing for themselves.

Here was our wonderful question to read from John as Jesus explains the true meaning behind manna and the bread of life.  Awesome!

Take away:  The details are truly unimportant here.  What we need to know is this:  depend on God who will provide in unexpected ways as long as you obey and trust in Him.  Feed daily from the true Bread of Life and you will be blessed forevermore.

Extras:  Short reading on Sabbath and this passage HERE

Interesting longer read on the Sabbath HERE, which details its beginnings, its meaning for the Jews at the time, and its meaning for Christians.  Very good article on the misunderstandings of the Sabbath and how Christians can distort the true intent behind it.  Excellent for those who think God can be compartimentalized to one day only!

More on the Sabbath will be forthcoming in our study, especially since it is one of the Ten Commandments so stay tuned!

My Favorite Map Showing Elim, Marah and Sinai:  HERE

BSF Study Questions The Life of Moses Lesson 6, Day 5: Exodus 15:1-21

Summary of passage:  Moses and the Israelites sing a song of praise and worship to the Lord after the final defeat of the Egyptians.  They exalt Him for defeating the Egyptians by parting the waters of the Red Sea.  The enemy boasted and God brought them down.  God redeemed His people in unfailing love and strength.  All of the nations will know and tremble once they hear of what happened here.  Miriam and the women sang God’s praises as well.

Questions:

10a)  Personal Question.  My answer:  verse 2:  “The Lord is my strength and my song…I will praise him and … exalt him.”  Verse 7:  “In the greatness of your majesty, you threw down those who opposed you.”  Verse 11:  “Who is like  you–majestic in holiness, awesome in glory?”  Verse 13:  “In your unfailing love…and strength you will guide them”

b)  Personal Question.  My answer:  He is always there, waiting to help me and love me when I need Him most.  He is omnipotent and omniscient and knows everything about me.  He sees me.  He knows me.  He is present.  He protects me, shelters me, provides for me.  He wraps me in a big hug when no one else will.  His blessings are beyond what I deserve.  My greatest gift is praise and worship to Him.

c)  Personal Question.  My answer:  By being faithful.  Praising Him.  Thanking Him.  Praying.  Serving. Obeying.  By living a Godly life.

11a)  God will lead the people He has redeemed and guide them to His holy dwelling.  Israel’s enemies would be as still as stone, allowing God’s people to pass by.  Israel will have the Promised Land once again.

b)  God led Abraham to the Promised Land.  God cared for His people in bringing them to Egypt.  He will do the same now.

c)  Personal Question.  My answer:  God has done everything for me and I know He will continue to do so.  I have so many hopes for the future it is ridiculous.  I feel like I’m in a lull now, but I am praying and waiting on Him to do great things.  I would like to write an impactful novel, raise good, God-fearing children, be a dutiful wife, care for all that God has given me (which includes material things and pets), and continue to live in His light.

Conclusions:  Nice break from all the reading!  Nice reflection day since most all are personal questions.  It’s good to think about these things in our lives because often we don’t stop and do so.  It was nice just to pray and think about how much God has done in my life and His promises for the future.

I am wondering though:  Is “Moses and the Israelites” just the men praising God since Miriam then took the women?  I’m confused.

End Notes:  This song is thought to have been spontaneous and a new song unto the Lord.  It is all about God, nothing about Moses.  God is their strength, not He gives them strength.

Parts of this song is found in Scripture 3 times.

The right hand (considered the hand of skill and power) is used in the Bible over 50 times.

This song shows the Israelites definitely knew who God was if the Egyptians still haven’t.

God’s enemies did hear of this event as Rahab the prostitute said so (Joshua 2:10).

This is the first mention of Miriam by name.  Numbers 26:59 seems to indicate Moses had only this one sister.  We also will study later this year that it was not only Aaron who caused trouble for Moses; Miriam did as well.  She is called a prophetess because she received divine communication as did Moses as the prophet.

Scholars are divided on whether the men and women were separated as are ancient recordings on such.  There is arguments on both sides but I think most think men and women were separated.  It would seem to fit the culture to have men and women separated.  Some suggest Moses and the men sang the chorus while Miriam and the women sang the refrain.  Vocal wise, this makes sense since men have low voices and women have high voices.

I find it strange all the women have tambourines.  If this were me, I’d leave that behind when I fled Egypt.  But maybe tambourines were integral in the worship of God, so they brought them.

Fun Fact about Passage:  This is the first song recorded in the Bible.  Can you imagine?  Millions singing at once to God.  Amazing!!

My take away from the Exodus out of Egypt:  God did it.  No one else.

More Celebrations of God:  Psalm 78 & 105

Fun Fact:  The Book of Exodus shows a greater proportion of miracles (direct, supernatural acts of God) than any other part of the Bible except the Gospels.

BSF Study Questions The Life of Moses Lesson 6, Day 4: Exodus 13:17-14:31

Summary of passage:  God did not lead the Israelites out of Egypt on the quickest path for God did not want them to encounter enemies of Egypt and flee back to Egypt.  So He lead them around a desert road to the Red Sea.  Moses took the bones of Joseph with him as Joseph had requested.  From Succoth they camped at Etham and then God led them always either in a pillar of cloud or fire.

Moses by Michelangelo

Moses by Michelangelo

The Lord orders the Israelites to turn back so that Pharaoh will think they are lost and pursue them.  Then the Lord will show Pharaoh once again that He is the Lord.  Pharaoh did pursue them with all of his chariots.  When the people saw the Egyptians pursuing them, they complained to Moses “It would have been better for us to serve the Egyptians than to die in the desert.”  Moses told the people God will fight for them if they are still.

God tells Moses to part the Red Sea, which he does.  The angel of God and the cloud separated the two and allowed the Israelites a chance to escape.  The Egyptians followed the Israelites across and God made the chariot wheels come off.  Then He told Moses to close the sea again and the entire army of Pharaoh was lost at sea.  Afterwards, the Israelites faith was strengthened and they trusted the Lord and Moses.

Questions:

8a)  Everything God instructed the Israelites to do was to strengthen their faith or to keep them safe or to keep them moving towards the Promised Land.  He showed them He was in control and even the mightiest army in the world was no match for Him.

b)  They would fear Him and put their trust in Him and in His servant, Moses.

c)  Killing all of Pharaoh’s best troops, chariots, and horsemen showed the Egyptians and the world who was boss and would bring God glory.  Remember at this time, the Egyptians were unbeatable, supposedly protected by their many gods.  Being brought down by the God of Israel would bring him much praise and glory and converts perhaps.

d)  Personal Question.  My answer:  I personally feel none of my circumstances have been “impossible”.  With God, there is always a way.  In my difficult circumstances, God has been by my side every step of the way and in my faith I hope I have brought glory to Him for others to see.  Even in doubt, I have prayed.  Even when I don’t feel like praying, I manage something.  And I believe that to be the key.

9a)  “The people feared the Lord and put their trust in him and in Moses his servant.”  Humility and praise.

b)  Personal Question.  My answer:  I believe the same as the Israelites–stronger faith in Him to do it all.  Greater reliance on Him.  Greater praise and credit.  Greater love towards all.

Conclusions:  Thought 8 was a bit repetitive and the personal questions too close as well.  For one of the most important and famous scenes in the Bible I would have liked to have spent more time on it and diving deeper.  There are a lot of nuggets here to explore that we didn’t touch on.  My favorite:  the importance of being still, especially in this crazy, insane world.  How encouraging to know if you are still, God will fight for you and don’t worry about the details–God’s got it.  I would also have liked to explore Pharaoh and his connection with Satan more.

End Notes:  The Red Sea here in the Bible is the modern day Gulf of Suez.  It is not the thick part of the Sea but the beginning.

From Genesis, you may remember that Joseph was never buried.  God had revealed to him that Egypt was not the Promised Land. Hence, it would have been relatively easy to carry Joseph’s bones back.

Pillar in Hebrew means ‘something standing’.  Scholars say it was most likely a column.  God was constantly present with His people and still they doubted.

God set a trap for Pharaoh for His glory and Pharaoh went for it.

How quickly Pharaoh forgets God’s power.  How quickly do we?

This can apply to the devil as well.  He pursues us just like Pharaoh does and we must be always wary.

Chariots at the time were the most advanced weaponry for fighting.  Most battles involved chariots and foot soldiers and maybe some archers.  That’s it.  Charioters were valuable and were seen with honor in Egypt.  Destroying them would hit both Pharaoh and his people a major blow.

God’s people were hemmed in–Pharaoh on one side, Red Sea on another.  It was natural to be scared.  But not natural to lack faith in God (whom you could see in a cloud by the way).  Yet note they cried out to God–exactly what we are supposed to do when fear overwhelms us.  And He answered.  In a BIG way.

Man’s cruel nature is revealed here:  Egypt, the king of burial grounds, and the Israelites use this to mock Moses.  Sad, really.  I see this in man all the time.  People are mean and cruel and it saddens me.

What short-term memories!  Not one week out of Egypt and the Israelites want to go back!

Moses responds in faith!  He has no idea how God is going to save them, but he knows God will.  He encourages the people and soothes them–the mark of a great leader.

When God is the only rescuer in a situation, we trust Him more.  Like with an illness or addiction.  Where we need faith is the daily little things in life.  That is my prayer this week.

Note Moses incredible connection with God and advice:  Be still.  Don’t do anything hasty.  Don’t panic.  Just wait on Him.

Saying the Egyptians would not be seen again is both literal and figurative–not here or in heaven.

God answers “Why are you crying out to me?”  Prayer and then action!  By having Moses perform the miracle, God is strengthening the people’s faith in God’s chosen leader.

Who is the Lord? Pharaoh asked.  God is still answering.  God answers this question with everything in our lives.  When we triumph, God’s enemy falls.  We are a testament to His power every day.

God shielded the Israelites from their enemies.  How often does God do the same for us?

The Egyptians could have submitted then and been spared.  But they chose the dark side and judgment.

The Hebrew is “Reed Sea” so identifying the exact spot of crossing has been impossible.  Modern scholars say modern-day Lake Sirbonis but recent research says Gulf of Aqaba.  For me, this is a mute point.  All that matters is God’s delivery of His people.

Nice Map showing Map of Exodus with crossing on Gulf of Aqaba:  http://headwatersresources.org/blog/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/ExodusColorNotesFramedCC.jpg

Just to be clear:  no one is for sure the exact route that Moses took or where the crossing of the Reed Sea took place.  Every map I find online is different.  I provide these so you can have a rough idea of what the Israelites went through and what land they crossed.  God is behind it all.  The details are left for when we get to heaven.

Psalm 77:16-20 gives more detail on the actual crossing.  One of the “remembering” psalms, the author begins in despair, but remembers God’s great deeds and is strengthened in his faith.  Powerful psalm for when we are lost and low.

God slows the chariots while Moses closes the Sea–again, using Moses as His chosen instrument.

Egypt with relation to Israel is now no more.  Egypt does not bother with Canaan for most of the rest of the Bible.  Seeing the dead bodies would have been final to the Israelites–no more slavery.

Interesting tid-bit:  one scholar speculates that the Israelites may have pillaged the dead bodies and stolen weapons to be used against their enemies in Canaan.

God delivers us out of both love and glory for Him.  The Passover and the Red Sea must happen just like the cross and the Redemption.