BSF Study Questions The Life of Moses Lesson 24, Day 5: Numbers 25:6-18

Summary of passage:  An Israelite man brought a Midianite woman to the Tent of Meeting.  Phinehas, son of Eleazar, drove them through with a spear.  The plague against the Israelites stopped but 24,000 died.  God made a lasting covenant of priesthood with Phinehas because he was zealous for God’s honor and made atonement for the people.  The leader of the Simeonite family was killed and now God told the Israelites to treat the Midianites as enemies and kill them for their deception.


10a)  Phinehas was jealous for God’s honor and the killing shed blood to atone for the Israelites’ sins.  Furthermore, Phinehas was just as jealous for God’s honor as God is jealous for His honor, showing how much Phinehas has a heart for God.

b)  Personal Question.  My answer:  Defend Him when blasphemied.  Tolerate no sin around you and say something when others are committing blatant sins against Him.  Be Godly yourself.

11a)  Balaam is credited with giving the Midianites the idea to entice/defeat the Israelites to sin by eating food sacrificed to idols and by committing sexual immorality.

[See also Numbers 31:16]

b)  Balaam was killed along with the five kings of Midian shortly after his blessings of the Israelites.  He is remembered as a lover of “wages of wickedness” according to Peter.  He is remembered as greedy and motivated by money–an unbeliever out for himself.

12a)  Personal Question.  My answer:  God cannot tolerate sin nor be near sin.  His honor matters and He rewards those who defend Him here on earth.  He punishes justly and gives all a chance to turn to Him.

b)  Personal Question.  My answer:  To be holy.  To maintain it.  To honor and defend it.

Conclusions:  Question 12 is a filler.  It’s nice to see Balaam being punished for his misdeeds. So often in this world we don’t see sin being punished.  We just have to trust the sinners will be handled by God in heaven.  Still, God is a just God and incidents like this renew our faith that He is in control and consequences will be paid.

End Notes:  Scholars believe Zimri was having sex with Cozbi right in front of the tabernacle, which would make sense to solicit such a reaction from Phinehas.

This one act stopped the plague–an encouragement to us who think sometimes what we do doesn’t matter.

Phinehas had the zeal of God and was ensured he would be the line of the priesthood out of Eleazar’s sons.

Now the Midianites are an enemy of God after they had attacked God’s people first.  God’s anger is burning against them and He orders them to be destroyed.  Good lesson not to mess with God and His people!

BSF Study Questions The Life of Moses Lesson 24, Day 4: Numbers 25:1-5

Summary of passage:  While Israel camped, the men engaged in sexual immorality with Moabite women.  The Israelites joined them in worshipping false gods and God’s anger burned.  The Lord ordered those who engaged in false god worship killed.


8a)  To indulge in sexual immorality with pagan women and join them in worshipping false gods, breaking two of the ten commandments and the law against being with unbelievers.

b)  Personal Question.  My answer:  The consequences of that sin.

c)  Personal Question.  My answer:  Not sure here.  I didn’t worship any false gods.  I did worship God.  He continues to provide for my every need in every way always.

9)  The people are about to cross over into the Promised Land.  They need to be godly people and fulfill God’s will and desire for them to be separate and a standard to look up to.  Plus, everything is going well for the Israelites.  Their enemies are afraid.  God just blessed them through Balaam.  Now, one of the oldest tricks in the book, sexual sin, is threatening to take down the Israelites.  God must stop this now.  It must be made clear to the Israelites that this sin is unacceptable.  As most of us know, sin and especially sexual sin, only leads to more sin.  And sin God will not tolerate.

Conclusions:  I liked this in how we see the devil never giving up in trying to take down God’s people.  I like how God answers:  swiftly and severely.  I didn’t like the personal questions at all.  They took the wind out of this passage for me as I paused and had to deliberate.  This passage speaks for itself and sometimes I think the passage gets lost when we try to inject ourselves and our experiences.  Instead of being about God’s word, it’s about us.  History is history and yes we learn from history, but facts are facts.

Example:  John F Kennedy was killed by Lee Harvey Oswald for no other reason than for evil purposes and to gain notoriety.  In all the history books I’ve read about this historical event, not one has asked me about myself personally or how I applied his death to my life.  It was a tragic event as history both past and present are full of tragic events.  This will never change because man himself never changes.  Deep down we are sinners.  The devil grabs a hold of some people and never lets go despite God’s word.  Deep down we are all capable of murder.  Deep down we are undeserving of God’s mercy.  Deep down we are evil.

Point being:  not everything applies to us personally.  We all know if you do evil, you will face consequences either here on earth or in heaven.  We all know (even unbelievers) deep down who we should worship and who we shouldn’t worship.  We all know as Balaam discovered we will either be blessed or cursed by our decisions.

I am utterly frustrated here with the broad generalizations that are so broad (not even sexual sin is pinpointed here) that I am left with a headache in trying to figure out how to narrow it down.

End Notes:  In some Bible translations you will see Midianites instead of Moabites here. They are indeed separate peoples who at the time were living in the same general area.

We’ve seen Baal before, a constant threat to the Israelites as he was a popular fertility god that promoted sexual sin.

Note how Balak could not curse the Israelites but God can and does–because of disobedience. We ourselves bring upon our own destruction, not others.

Balaam is credited with suggesting this idea of sending in women to seduce the men (Numbers 31:16; Revelation 2:14).  However, he didn’t live very long (Numbers 31:7-8).  God’s judgment was swift upon him.

Map of Shittim:

This map shows just how close the Israelites are to the Promised Land and God is taking no chances in His plans being thwarted now:

BSF Study Questions The Life of Moses Lesson 24, Day 3: Numbers 23-24

Summary of passage:  Numbers 23:  Balaam builds 7 altars and prepares 7 sacrifices.  He speaks with the Lord who puts words in his mouth, blessing the Israelites instead of cursing them.  Again, Balak brings Balaam to a different spot to curse the Israelites.  God again puts words in Balaam’s mouth, saying He is with His people who will devour those who oppose them.  Balak, not giving up his quest to curse the Israelites, drags Balaam to a third location in Peor and builds 7 more altars and offers 7 more sacrifices.

Numbers 24:  Balaam, now at his third location, finally realizes God will not curse his people.  As a result, the Spirit of the Lord comes upon him and he utters more blessings upon Israel:  they will live abundantly, their king and kingdom will be exalted, and they will devour hostile nations.

Balak, angry at the three blessings instead of the three curses, sends Balaam away with no riches.  Balaam reminds Balak that he told him he would only speak God’s words and then he utters a prophecy against Moab, telling Balak that Israel will crush them along with Edom and Seir.  Salaam utters more oracles:  Amalek will be ruined along with the Kenites, assure, and Eber.


5)  First Oracle:  Numbers 23:7-10:  God tells Balak that He cannot curse the Israelites for He has set them apart.

Second Oracle:  Numbers 23:18-24:  God tells Balak that He will not change his mind, that He the Lord is with them, that He brought them out of Egypt, and that the people shall rise like a lion and devour their victims.

Third Oracle:  Numbers 24:3-9:  Balaam utters more blessings upon Israel: they will live abundantly, their king and kingdom will be exalted, and they will devour hostile nations.

Fourth Oracle:  Numbers 24:15-19:  Balaam tells Balak that Moab, Edom, and Seir will all be crushed by Israel.

Final Three Oracles:  Numbers 24:20-24:  Balaam says that Amalek, the Kenites, Asshur, and Eber all will come to ruin.

6a)  He is taking Balaam to different places in order to physically see the Israelites and in a vain effort to find a place where God may curse His own people.  Balak strikes me as a man who doesn’t give up easily.

b)  Personal Question.  My answer:  Nothing lately but usually when I do this I don’t like the answer the first person gave me so I go to another person hoping they will give me answer–and it’s usually the answer I want to hear, not a different one.  I haven’t done this in quite some time.  I think I’ve learned my lesson from doing this.  I ask God and my husband.  That’s about it.

7)  Personal Question.  My answer:  Balaam is a pleaser.  He takes the path of less resistance and finally bows to God’s will only because he realizes he is defeated and is out for own self-preservation.

Conclusions:  Surprisingly, I liked this lesson.  It was fun to watch God have fun with Balaam, uttering blessings instead of curses each time.  You can almost see the frustration on Balaam’s face, knowing with each utterance he was getting less and less of an earthly reward.

It was fun to watch Balak be frustrated and to see him moving Balaam from place to place as if that would make God change his mind.  It is very comical, and you can almost see God from up above laughing at them!  I like to think God has a sense of humor like his creation, man, does.

End Notes:  Numbers 23:  Oracle means prophecy.  We tend to think of oracles as false prophets as the word was popularized by the Greeks who uses oracles to tell the future as indeed this is the first definition of the word in Webster’s Dictionary:  “a person (as a priestess of ancient Greece) through whom a deity is believed to speak.”  Another definition:  “an answer or decision given by an oracle.”

Interestingly, this is a latin word meaning “to speak.”  Well, the Greeks didn’t speak Latin so they themselves didn’t use the word “oracle”.  As most Bibles were written down in the Middle Ages which used Latin as the language of writing, this word is not all that old.  In my opinion, this is not a great translation here and prophecy would be better (which by the way is a Greek word meaning “the inspired declaration of divine will and purpose”) which fits here much better as indeed some bible translations use the word prophecy and not oracle.

Here we see God speaking through Balaam, obviously not a godly-man.  But God uses all for His purposes.

Note how Balaam would like “to die the death of the righteous” but not live like the righteous.  He wants the good life but not the work that goes along with the good life.

Both men are exasperated!  Balak wants a curse and Balaam wants money but neither gets what they want for God is in charge here.

God educates Balak about who he is dealing with and who His people are and that Balak has no chance against them.

Wild ox here is translated different ways:  unicorn, ox, rhinoceros, or goat.  The Hebrew word here which occurs 9 times in the Old Testament (twice in our readings–24:8) means one horn.

Balak is frustrated, saying at least don’t bless them if you won’t curse them!  Funny how God works.

Numbers 24:  Three times Balak offered up rams and bulls in an effort to have the Israelites cursed.  This would have been quite the expense at the time.

We see that Balaam did try to evoke sorcery  (24:1) to curse the Israelites, but it didn’t work so seemingly he gave it up.  Hence, Balaam and Balak are cursed by God in the third oracle.

The oracles are progressive:  first, Balak does not receive a curse, next he gets a blessing instead of a curse and finally he himself is cursed.  You’d think he’d learn his lesson!

The fourth oracle is a bonus per se.  Balaam, realizing he won’t get paid, just keeps speaking.  This is about Jesus as he is the start and the scepter and will rule over all nations.  This prophecy was also fulfilled by King David (2 Samuel 8:2,14).

Without the curse, Balak realizes he cannot defeat the Israelites so wisely he does not attack like he wanted to back in Numbers 22.  Instead, he returns home, defeated.

Balaam:  His name possibly means devourer or glutton.  He was evidently a professional magician of a nomadic clan.  He obviously had a reputation of getting gods on his side.  God spoke through him 7 times!  Was Balaam converted to God’s side?  No.  Next we hear of him is Numbers 31:8 where he dies.  He is condemned in 2 Peter 2:15, Jude 11, and Revelation 2:14.  He is credited with suggesting the tactic of using sex to defeat the Israelites, resulting in 24,000 deaths (Numbers 25:9; 31:16).

He has been called by scholars the Judas of the Old Testament as he seems faithful at times but greed turns him to evil.

Seven books of the Bible mention Balaam.  This shows how important these events were in Israelite history.  God uses a pagan and a magician in a land full of pagans and magicians as a warning:  He is coming and He shall win.

Summarized from Zondervan’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary by J.D. Douglas and Merrill C. Tenney:

Balaam is held up as an example of pernicious influence of hypocritical teachers who attempt to lead God’s people astray.  No bible character is more severely excoriated.

We see three things of God’s rule in the world through the story of Balaam:

1)  God overrules man’s sinful rule and his desire to bring his own purposes to pass.

2)  God’s promises prevail no matter the odds always.

3)  God guards His people from threats even when they are not even aware of them (like Balak who wanted to attack them).

BSF Study Questions The Life of Moses Lesson 24, Day 2: Numbers 22:1-41

Summary of passage:  The Israelites are headed to the Promised Land and camped along the Jordan River across from Jericho.  Balak, the king of the Moabites, was scared of the Israelites so he asked Balaam to curse the Israelites.  God came to Balaam and warned him not to curse the Israelites for they are blessed.  So Balaam refused to curse the Israelites.  Balak sent more messengers to try and convince Balaam to curse the Israelites, offering him a handsome reward.  Still, Balaam refused but promised to speak to God again for them.  This time God said to go with the men and do only what He commands.

So Balaam starts his journey with the princes of Moab.  However, God is angry so He sends and angel who stands in the road to block their path.  The donkey sees the angel and turns off the road.  Balaam beats the donkey for disobedience.  Again, the angel blocks their path; again the donkey is beaten.  Again, the donkey sees the angel; again the donkey is beaten.

God made the donkey chastise Balaam for beating her three times.  Finally, the Lord opened Balaam’s eyes to see the angel. The angel says the donkey saved his life because she turned away.  Balaam repented and God told him once again to go with the men to Balak.


3a)  “Terrified because there were so many people”; “filled with dread because of the Israelites”.  “This horde is going to lick up everything around us, as an ox licks up the grass of the field.”  “Come and put a curse on these people because they are too powerful for me.”

b)  If Balaam cursed the Israelites, then they could be defeated and driven out of his country.

c)  Sent ambassadors to see what the Israelites wanted.  Prayed to the One, True God about it.

d)  Kill them (Shiities killing the Sunnis and vice versa, various African tribes killing each other (Darfur region), Muslims killing Christians, terrorists indiscriminately killing).  Hostility, discrimination, etc.

4a)  Balaam obviously knew of the One, True God since he spoke to Him and feared Him.  Does that make him a believer?  No.   Joshua tells us he practiced divination.  In Deuteronomy, we see the Lord would not listen to Balaam and God listens to His children.

Numbers 22:7 speaks volumes here:  Balaam was working for a “divination fee”.  No true prophet of God is out for himself.  If any thing, being a prophet is more of a burden than a reward in terms of money here on earth.

b)  Personal Question.  My answer:  Don’t jump to conclusions.  As the donkey pointed out, the donkey’s behavior was way out of the ordinary, but Balaam did not take the time to figure out why.  Do not court temptation for in the end it will get you.  Some people will go against God’s will and nothing can stop them (not even Jesus himself) their hearts are so twisted.  People will do anything for money.

c)  Personal Question.  My answer:  Have patience when things are out of the ordinary.  Pray for God to be with me more.  Listen for God’s voice and not man’s voice.  Run from temptation.

Conclusions:  Could have done without personal questions.  I would hope most of us don’t beat our animals when they disobey.  They are after all lower animals and God charges us to care for them as such.  I would also hope if Jesus appears before us we won’t ask him for permission to sin.  If God says go one way, we go His way, not ours.  I love how God uses a beast of burden to tell Balaam he’s an idiot.  How humbling!

End Notes:  Balak had no need to fear the Israelites.  If he had known God’s word, God had commanded the Israelites to not harm the Moabites as their land was not part of the Promised Land (Deuteronomy 2:9).

This is the first time in the Bible we meet Balaam and we are given no background on him as to how he’s a prophet or comes to be held in such high regard by Balak.

Balak wants the people cursed so he knows enough about the Israelites to know they follow a powerful god.  And Balaam he believes is the man for the job.

Taking the divination fee was the first sin.  The second sin was even asking God when his heart was not right and knew the men were evil.  God, out of mercy, spoke with Balaam–for Balaam’s sake–in order to try and turn his heart to Him.

From Balaam’s answer to the elders, it is clear he wants to go but ‘mean, ol’ God’ won’t let him. Hence, Balak tries again, this time promising more riches, which is what Balaam wants.  Even though Balaam knows God’s will, he refuses to put away his sin.  He allows temptation in once more.

God does not change His mind when he allows Balaam to go with the men; He is setting Balaam up for judgment.

God is angry at Balaam’s rejection of His word.

Note how the donkey is more spiritual than Balaam, seeing a representative of its Creator and rightfully being fearful.  The donkey is a representative of all followers of God and Jesus:  he obeys and because he obeys he annoys the unbelievers and is punished by them and often killed.

Balaam should have known by the donkey’s reaction that something was wrong with this trip.  When the donkey speaks, Balaam’s heart is so twisted by his own desire and sin he doesn’t bat an eye at this miracle.

Scholars believe the angel is Jesus because he accuses Balaam of sinning against him personally (verse 32).

Balaam still wants to go and asks so.  God gives him over to judgment by allowing him to go.

With these actions, Balaam earns himself a place as a lover of money in the Bible and is held up as an example of what NOT to do:  2 Peter 2:15-16 & Jude 11.

Map Showing where Israelites are Encamped:

Clear Delineation of Negev and Moab:

Fun fact:  The donkey is the only Biblical account of an animal speaking.  And an angel (Jesus) praised the donkey, proof God loves all His creations.

BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 24, Day 5: Matthew 24:37-51

Summary of passage:  Jesus explains that the coming of the Son of Man will be just like it was before the flood:  no one knew it was about to happen and everyone was just leading a normal life.  Believers will be saved.  So keep watch for the Son of Man.  Stay faithful and wise and care for Jesus’ flock and do not fall away because you think Jesus won’t come.  Jesus will come and send those who have fallen away to hell.


10a)  Eating, drinking, marrying, giving

b)  People today think that Jesus will not come in their lifetime so they perpetuate sin and aren’t as strict.  In Noah’s time, God says man is corrupt, wicked and evil.  They lived for themselves.  Same mentality.  Even though we know Jesus is coming and in Noah’s time God was closer to His people, man turned his back.

11a)  A man of integrity, faithful and wise, who was put in charge to care for the servants while the master was away.  He was doing this when the master returned and was rewarded by being put in charge of all of the master’s possessions.

b)  As soon as the master is gone, the wicked servant begins to beat his fellow servants and to eat and drink with drunkards.  His actions are one of someone who believes he will never be found out.

c)  Those who obey God and His commandments faithfully will be rewarded.  Those who do not obey Him and His commandments will be thrown into Hell on the Day of Judgment.

d)  Personal Question.  My answer:  Jesus says if you love him, then feed his sheep.  I interpret this as spiritually mostly.  Feed those Jesus has given you to care for by feeding them His word and caring for their needs.  There is also the physical need of actual eating as well, which is important, and the intellectual need of knowledge of Christ and who he is.

For me, this would be my children.  It is my responsibility and calling to raise my children and teach them about God and Jesus.  “At the proper time” is important as well for kids learn in stages and feeding them what they need to know at the proper time is important or it will be fruitless.  Basically, keep raising my kids in the Word and God will take care of the rest.

12a)  Keep watch for Jesus’ return and be ready for it.  Stay faithful to the master, stand firm to the end and you will be saved.  Care for those you are put in charge of faithfully so that they are ready as well.

b)  Watch out you are not deceived by false prophets.  Keep watch for the signs of his coming such as the abomination, the sun, moon, and stars, and the signs from heaven and the angels.  Do not fall away or you shall perish.

c)  As the elect, you will be saved and rewarded for your work on earth.  Jesus will return to establish his kingdom here on Earth!

Conclusions:  Please read the rest of John 21.  Talk about mind-opening!  If you love, then take care of Jesus’ sheep.  It just hit me hard that we love and take care of others because we love Jesus and Jesus loves us.  It’s Jesus at his best when he’s trying to get something through to us dunderheads!  Love it!  I love how John ends his book how there is just not enough pages to record all Jesus did.  I love that!

Question 12 was great in bringing the whole chapter together because piece-meal is great for study but hard to get the overriding message:  Stay faithful and Jesus will return!

End Notes:  Here we have another dilemma:  Jesus had previously said in the End Times the heavenly bodies will be out of whack and there will be wars, famines, and earthquakes.  Here, Jesus says the world will be a”as it was in the days of Noah” so life going on as normal until it started to rain.  How can you have normal in a world with major catastrophes and earth-moving signs?

Scholars resolve these “two comings” by saying one is for the church (believers who recognize the signs) and the other is for non-believers who don’t.

Note Jesus’ emphasis on constant readiness.  As Christians, we need to be about His work NOW and not LATER.  Don’t put off God for tomorrow for tomorrow may never come and your plans won’t materialize–only God’s will.  Respond now, Jesus says, and you will be rewarded.

Matthew Chapters 24-25, Mark 13, and Luke 21 is known as the Olivet Discourse, which is where Jesus discusses eschatology (the doctrine of the “last things” in Greek).  It was given to the disciples on the Mount of Olives (see fascinating history and pictures HERE).  Who knew it was a necropolis?  I didn’t!

Breakdown of the Olivet Discourse with side-by-side passages from all 3 Gospels HERE

This is the last of Jesus’ Five Discourses Matthew records before the cross.  Breakdown and summary of Matthew’s Five Discourses HERE.

BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 24, Day 4: Matthew 24:24-36

Summary of passage:  False prophets will appear at the End Times to try and deceive the elect, Jesus warns.  The coming of the Son of Man will be visible.  Jesus quotes Isaiah, saying the sun will be darkened and the moon will have no light.  The stars will fall from the sky and the heavenly bodies will be shaken.

The Son of Man will appear in the sky and will come on clouds with power and great glory.  He will send his angels who will call the elect with a loud trumpet call.  This generation will not pass away until all these predictions have happened.  No one knows when Jesus shall return except the Father.


8a)  False prophets.  The sun will be darkened, the moon will not give any light, stars will fall from the sky, heavenly bodies will be shaken, and a sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky.  He will come on clouds and angels will appear with a trumpet call.

b)  Zechariah 12:10:  A spirit of grace and supplication will be poured out on the house of David and the inhabitants of Jerusalem.  They will mourn Jesus and grieve bitterly.

Matthew 24:30:  “The Son of Man will appear in the sky and all the nations will mourn.  They will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of the sky with power and great glory.”

Revelation 1:7:  Jesus will come with the clouds for all to see and all will mourn because of him.

c)  Nothing.  We learn that no one knows the day or hour of Christ’s return except God.

9)  Personal Question.  My answer:  Jesus uses the fig tree as a metaphor for his coming.  Fig trees bloom regularly and always.  Jesus says as surely as the fig tree blooms, surely I will return.

Conclusions:  This is a good warm up to Revelation for those of you doing that next year.  Still needed a commentary for the fig tree.  Chapter 24 is difficult in that it speaks to the future and prophecy, always difficult to interpret when no dates are given and generalities abound.

I liked the study of the abomination.  I missed that when I read the book of Daniel on my own.  Why I need a bible study to learn this stuff!

End Notes:  In addition to Isaiah, Joel 2:10, and Revelation 6:12-14 also mention what will happen in the heavens at the End Times.

Scholars debate what the sign of the Son of Man will be.  Basically, it’s all guesses since we are not told here.

The fig tree has been around since the beginning of time (remember what leaves Adam and Eve used to cover up after they ate of the Tree of Knowledge?).  The fig tree appears many times in the Old Testament, sometimes to represent abundance or even to represent Israel (Jeremiah 24:1-10 and Hosea 9:10).

If you read Luke’s version of this story, specifically Luke 21:29-31, you get a better picture of what the fig tree represents here.  Like I said, it’s an analogy assuring his disciples that Jesus will return.

Some say this “generation” could be translated as this “race”, meaning the Jews.  This is especially propounded by those who believe these events already happened in 70 AD.

So Jesus gives an outline for End Time events:  1) Catastrophes 2)  abomination of desolation 3)  Warnings to flee 4)  Hardships and heavenly signs  5)  Jesus’ return

Note the dilemma verse 36 poses:  Daniel says the day of Jesus’ return is exactly 1,290 days after the abomination that causes desolation (Daniel 12:11).  Here, Jesus says only God knows his return.

BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 24, Day 3: Matthew 24:15-23

Summary of passage:  Jesus continues telling the disciples what the Second Coming will be like.  When an abomination that causes desolation stands in the temple, flee.  There will be false prophets out to deceive the elect so don’t believe them.


6a)  Jesus is speaking of his Second Coming and the end of the age.  The holy place is the Jewish temple.  An abomination is an idol that causes desolation.

b)  Flee to the mountains.  Take nothing with them.

c)  Daniel (Daniel 9:27; 11:31; 12:11)

7a)  Jesus says “there will be great distress, unequaled from the beginning of the world until now–and never to be equaled again.”  “How dreadful it will be.”

b)  To warn “the elect” or believers so they are not deceived and fall away by false prophets coming as himself.

Conclusions:  I had to use a commentary to know what Jesus was talking about in verse 15.  I knew it was the End Times, but specifically an idol in the temple was beyond me.  I don’t remember ever hearing about the abomination that causes desolation before even though I’ve read Daniel so that was cool for me.  Not a lot of meat here in my opinion without the rest of the passage that we study tomorrow.

End Notes:  This passage is much debated by scholars in terms of timing.  Did this happen prior to 70 AD?  Did this happen in 70 AD before the Romans burned the temple down (many say there was no time for an idol to be set up).  Does this mean a literal temple?  Many argue this has not happened yet and believe it would be a blatant sign such as an Antichrist in a temple.

Jesus is quoting Daniel here and Paul echoes this in 2 Thessalonians 2:3-4.