Summary of passage: Jesus made preparations for the Passover dinner. He told the disciples to go to Jerusalem to a certain man’s house and tell them the teacher is going to have Passover dinner at your house. So they did. So, at Passover, Jesus announces that one of them will betray him in less than 24 hours. All denied it and Jesus pointed out it would be Judas, who was foolish enough to ask Jesus who told him the truth. He told him it would be better if he had not been born. (OUCH!).
Jesus blessed the bread and gave it to his disciples, saying eat this as my body. He gave them wine and said drink this as my blood of the covenant. They sung a hymn, presumably finished dinner, and went to the Mount of Olives.
b) The Jews celebrate Passover as a festival to remember God’s liberation of His people from Egypt. The name comes from God’s instruction to the Jews to mark their homes with lambs’ blood so that the angel of the Lord would “passover” their homes during the 10 Plagues God inflicted upon the Egyptian people. Exodus 11-12 records God’s instructions to Moses regarding the punishment of killing the first-born child of the Egyptians and His command to celebrate this as the Feast of the Unleavened Bread to remember God’s great deeds.
c) He blessed bread, broke it, and said eat of his body. He blessed wine, drank it, and said drink of this wine as this is the blood of the covenant.
7a) Luke 22:19-20: Bread: Jesus’ body Wine: New Covenant in Jesus’ blood for us
John 6:51-58: Bread: Jesus’ flesh and whoever eats of it will live forever. Wine: Jesus’ blood and drinking it will give everlasting life. Feed on Jesus and live. Bread that came down from heaven. Manna from Moses does not give everlasting life. Here Jesus emphasizes the difference.
1 Peter 1:19: “with the precious blood of Christ, a lamb without blemish or defect”
1 Peter 2:24: Bread would be his body here and our sins. Wounds would be his blood and represent our healing and righteousness
1 John 1:7: Jesus’ blood purifies us from all sin.
b) Verse 24: “Do this in remembrance of me.” Verse 25: “Whenever you drink it, in remembrance of me.” Verse 26: “For whenever you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death until he comes.”
c) Personal Question. My answer: You are remember Jesus as Lord and Savior and his suffering on the cross for me. I personally think verse 28 is much more helpful “a man ought to examine himself before he eats of the bread and drinks of the cup.” Take this seriously, take a moment, confess your sins, ask for forgiveness, and be close to God. Don’t just go through the motions.
Conclusions: It is a pet peeve of mine when BSF only puts the required reading at the top but then the first question requires us to read more. This should be put in the headline. Hence, this day is deceiving. It’s just as much work as yesterday was.
Interesting that we didn’t read Mark’s, Luke’s and John’s account of this very important event especially since John, once again, varies widely and adds details no other does. It is John who tells us Jesus washed the feet of his disciples. It is him who tells us Judas has been prompted by the devil to betray Jesus and that Jesus sends Judas away to do it quickly.
End Notes: Once again, John deviates from the others and thus throws a kink into the timing. Matthew, Mark, and Luke present this event as happening on the Passover. John says this happened before the Passover (13:1) and Jesus was crucified on the Passover (John 18:28). Scholars argue that maybe Jesus ate earlier than Jewish custom or Jesus deliberately held this feast sooner so as to have the time with his disciples. To me, this argument is unimportant with the result of Jesus’ death: Salvation. The rest is nice to know but not life-changing.
Jesus was hoping Judas would repent of his sin and this is why Jesus brings up the betrayal. Jesus knew his betrayal was fixed and would not be changed, but he was hoping Judas could still be saved. Psalm 41:9 by David “Even my close friend, whom I trusted, he who shared my bread, has lifted up his heel against me.”
Can you imagine how Jesus’ heart broke over this? How many of us have experienced a similar kind of betrayal by a loved one; yet, thankfully, only our heart breaks and our lives are not threatened.
[Side Note: Dante's Divine Comedy has Judas in the lowest place in Hell. This is suitable for Judas does the opposite of repenting: he denies it as well and becomes as hypocritical as the chief priests.].
Every disciple was incredulous. And none of them pointed a finger at others. All were shocked.
Once again, it is John who throws a wrench in this debate: Was Judas present at the Lord’s supper or did he leave before hand (John 13:30)? Again, up for debate. Most scholars say Judas was not present at the Lord’s supper for the mere fact of what the Lord’s Supper represents. Another question we’ll have answered when we get to heaven. There are no 100% answers here.
My Bible does not have New Covenant but New is in some manuscripts. Hence, Jesus is God when he institutes the covenant as only God can.
For hundreds of years, there has been debate on if the bread and wine becomes actual blood and body of Jesus (transubstantiation and a Roman Catholic belief) or consubstantiation where the bread and wine are the blood and body of Jesus by faith and not transformed (usually propounded by Protestants from Martin Luther and Calvin on).
Whatever you believe, what matters is what your heart believes: do you accept Jesus as your Savior?
We must take and eat. We must choose to accept his life.
The Greek word for thanks is “eucharist”. Hence, the Lord’s supper being known by some as the partaking of the Eucharist.
I’ve missed the fact Jesus sang at the Last Supper until now (Go BSF!). Can you imagine? Jesus singing?!!
What did Jesus sing? It is traditional for Jews to sing Psalm 116-118. Beautiful.
Could you sing before your death? If you have Jesus, you can do anything!