Summary of passage: Moses returned home and told his father-in-law he was going to return to Egypt to check on his people. He left with his wife and sons with the assurance from God that those who wanted him dead are now dead themselves. He took the staff of God with him.
God told Moses to go before Pharaoh and perform all the wonders God gave him the ability to perform but Pharaoh will have a hard heart. Therefore, Moses must tell Pharaoh God will kill his first-born son since he won’t let Israel go free.
On the journey, God was about to kill Moses’ son but his mother, Zipporah, circumcised him so the Lord let him alone. God told Aaron to meet Moses in the desert. Together they gathered the elders of the Israelites and revealed God’s words to them and the signs from God. They believed and bowed and worshiped the Lord.
8 ) He asked permission from his father-in-law first. He put his wife and sons on a donkey and started back to Egypt.
9) “Israel is my firstborn son and I told you, ‘Let my son go, so he may worship me.’ But you refused to let him go; so I will kill your firstborn son.”
10a) He didn’t circumcise son.
b) His wife, Zipporah
c) Personal Question. My answer: Not sure. Nothing that I know of.
11) Aaron is a Levite who can speak well. He will be glad to see Moses. He will speak to the people for Moses. He is obedient to God. He helps Moses by bringing together the elders and speaking to them.
12) They followed all of God’s instructions. They called together the elders, performed the signs, and spoke with them about what the Lord had told them. The Israelites believed in the Lord again and that He had seen their misery and they bowed down and worshiped God.
Conclusions: My favorite part was how Moses didn’t circumcise his son. It makes sense cause his son was born in a foreign land so Moses probably thought “I don’t need to do this”. Yet following God’s laws was so important that Moses’ indifference almost cost him his son’s life or his own. Great example for us. Just because we think it’s not important God may think otherwise. I also like how his wife took up Moses’ slack. Perfect picture of marriage!
End Notes: Moses asked his employer as well for permission to leave. He just didn’t shout out “I saw God! Gotta go!!” He followed the custom of the land as well as God.
Pharaoh could have had a soft heart if he had so desired. But Pharaoh was given over to sin. God withheld his mercy.
God exchanged the life of his firstborn (the nation of Israel) for the life of Pharaoh’s firstborn.
God is threatening to kill Moses (or some translations say his son) because he didn’t circumcise him. Before Moses can return to the land of God’s people, all must be right with all members of the family. Some scholars suggest his son was not circumcised because Zipporah was not a Hebrew and objected to the custom. Perhaps this is why she herself had to perform the circumcision and not Moses. Of course, this is all speculation since we are not told. What is clear is that Zipporah is not happy afterwards, calling Moses a “bridegroom of blood”. Whoever was at fault, it had to be put right before Moses could continue with his calling. This shows the importance of following God’s laws–even ones that we may consider trite.
Everything happens as God promised Moses–Aaron helping him and the elders accepting him. God keeps his promises.