BSF Study Questions Revelation Lesson 6, Day 5: Revelation 3:14-22

Summary of passage: To the church in Laodicea Jesus says he knows the church’s deeds which are only lukewarm or mediocre. They believe they are rich and have everything they need, but they are poor and lacking in God. He wants them to see their spiritual blindness, become righteous, and obtain his riches.  Jesus loves them and wants them to repent and choose him and receive eternal life.


13a)  True riches are heaven and eternal life with God.  White clothing is righteousness–what enables you and me to stand with God–and salvation.  When you are clothed in God’s righteousness, you gain His spirit and character which gives you compassion, kindness, humility, gentleness, and patience (Colossians 3:12) and love and forgiveness (Colossians 3:13 & 14).

b)  He will eat with them and sit with him on his throne.

14a)  Discipline by the Lord separates us from the unbelievers and saves us from condemnation with the world (1 Corinthians 11:32).  Discipline is what makes us God’s children (Hebrews 12:8).  It is for our good and what allows us to share in His holiness (Hebrews 12:10).  It produces righteousness and peace (Hebrews 12:11).  If God didn’t love us, He wouldn’t bother to discipline us, to teach us His ways, to save us.

God invites earnestness and repentance.  God looks for love in return for His care; compassion; surrender; a life of love for others.

b)  Personal Question.  My answer:  God loves us enough to discipline us so we’ll turn to Him and walk in His ways.  We will gain the world if we do.  Gratefulness is the right response.  Humbleness.  An increased awe of Him.  More love and compassion for Him and His people.

Conclusions:  Good reminder of the importance and necessity of discipline in all of our lives. Good verses to use to explain to your children when they ask why their punishment is necessary.

End Notes:  The Greek word here for love is phileo which means friend (the same word Philadelphia comes from).  Earnest here is the same root word as hot used in Revelation 3:16.  Turn to Him and be zealous for Him.

Here’s the Great Invitation to us all:  Jesus standing at the door and knocking.  Only you can open the door and invite him in.  Will you?

Listen!  And you will hear his voice.

The “dine” or “eat” here was the Greek meal of deipnon, which was the main meal at the end of the day where the family would sit and linger and talk about the day.  It was supper where relationships were deepened and strengthened.

The invitation was to all–the individual–not the church here.  We each must accept Jesus.  Then we will sit on his throne (Luke 22:30; Rev 20:4; 22:5)

Laodicea is the worst of the churches (the only one not praised) promised the greatest reward.  This is hope for all of us that despite our sins we are loved and accepted and invited to be with God forever.  He pursues us to the end.

Quote of the Week:  “It is, in fact, God’s final punishment to leave a man alone.” (Barclay)

Map of Region with Laodicea:

Conclusions to Lesson 6:  Scholars say Chapters 2 & 3 of Revelation are the most practical in the whole book since Jesus lays out what he expects of churches and thus you and me.

I love the hope throughout.  Most people think Revelation is a book of gloom and doom.  It’s not.  It’s a book of hope and love and salvation and wonderment.  It’s Jesus personified meaning we see all of him–his love, his judgment, his salvation, his condemnation.  So many times churches nowadays just speak of Jesus as love and ignore the judgment because it’s not politically correct to judge people and sadly Christian’s knowledge of the Bible has shrunken to the point that they don’t understand what true judgment is.

The Book of Revelation should be discussed more and in depth in churches these days.  It would go a long way to furthering our knowledge of Him in ways we can’t even imagine.

We have finished studying the letters John wrote to the churches, giving them Christ’s words.  We will take a break for the next two lessons and study Acts and Daniel before we jump into the next major section of Revelation which is Christ as judge and his judgments upon man.

Commonalities in the Letters and Patterns:

  1. Character of Christ
  2. Commendation
  3. Complaint
  4. Correction
  5. Conclusion

BSF Study Questions Revelation Lesson 6, Day 4: Revelation 3:14-18

Summary of passage:  To the church in Laodicea Jesus says he knows the church’s deeds which are only lukewarm or mediocre.  They believe they are rich and have everything they need, but they are poor and lacking in God.  He wants them to see their spiritual blindness, become righteous, and obtain his riches.


10)  Personal Question.  My answer:  “The words of the Amen” which is the complete and wholeness and final word.  It is done.  Jesus is the finisher.

11)  They are neither hot nor cold.  He wishes they were one or the other and he spits them out of his mouth.

12a)  They think they are rich and don’t need a thing.  Jesus says they are poor, wretched, pitiful, blind and naked.

b)  They think they are rich and don’t need a thing (including God).  God reprimands them because although they aren’t bad, they aren’t good.  They are indifferent and complacent in their works.  They can do better and should do better for God.  Either do it whole-heartedly or not at all God is saying here.

c)  Part-personal question.  My answer:  Through prayer.  I think most people do know in their hearts if they are not on God’s path.  If not, ask God to show you.  Not sure myself where I am struggling.  I know I’m a bit clouded cause I’ve been a bit depressed lately due to the failure of my writings.  I have been praying nothing specific, just “Lord, you know what ails me.  Heal me.”

Conclusions:  I like how Jesus speaks to people who aren’t using their full potential for him and are just doing enough to get by.  I see this in our young people today.  God wants your all, your best, 100%.  If your heart is not in it, why do it?

End Notes:  Laodicea is the last stop for our messenger.  Like the other cities, Laodicea was an important commercial and trading town.  It’s name means “rule of the people”.  It was well off and held a good number of Jews.  However, Roman temples abounded to Caesar, Asklepios, and others.  Laodicea was wealthy enough to rebuild after an earthquake in 60 AD.  History with pictures of ruins HERE

Laodicea had no significant water supply.  Water traveled on an aqueduct from a hot springs via Hierapolis and it arrived lukewarm or it traveled from Collasae where the water was cold but it still arrived lukewarm.  Hence, Laodicea was vulnerable to attack and siege and often negotiated with invaders rather than face death from lack of water.

Paul mentions Laodicea in Colossians 2:1 and 4:16.  It is also the only church Jesus addresses the people (Laodiceans) instead of the city (e.g. Ephesus).  However, some translations have Laodicea only.

Laodicea is also the only church Christ did not praise for anything!  He only condemns.  How tragic!

Lukewarm is apathy, indifference, complacency, and even uselessness–never giving their hearts fully over to Jesus.  Results:  unhappiness in world and in heaven.  Lukewarmness is comfortable; God wants us outside our comfort zone.

Jesus wants you hot for him or cold so you’d be more likely to turn to him (cold is also refreshing like ice water on a hot, summer day).  If you are lukewarm, it’s harder to reach you because you have a bit of him already and think that’s enough.  You are useless in the sense that you’re not doing enough and don’t care enough to bring others to him.  Spurgeon has great commentary on the idea of lukewarmness to God.

We are in Jesus’ mouth as he prays for us and we spread his word.  “Spit you out of my mouth” does not mean they will be kicked out of the kingdom.  What it means is that the people are in danger of being far from him and his presence.

Laodicea was famous for healing and textiles.  Yet the people were blind and naked.

They had the opposite problem of Smyrna who thought they were poor but were rich.  Very similar to the church at Sardis.

Jesus tells them to heal their eyes so they can see their spiritual blindness.  He wanted them to buy his gold (his riches–spiritual not material) and his righteous garments (white clothes).

Literally:  Gold is Laodicea’s financial wealth.  Clothes is the textile industry Laodicea is known for.  Eye salve is another product Laodiceans were known for.  Jesus knows all!

Map of Laodicea, showing its proximity to Hierapolis, a town with hot springs and its main water supplier and Colossae, a town with cold springs:

My Favorite Map of Region with Laodicea:

BSF Study Questions Revelation Lesson 6, Day 3: Revelation 3:11-13

Summary of passage:  Jesus is coming soon to never leave again.  Those who overcome shall have written upon him God’s name, the new Jerusalem, and Jesus’ new name.


7a)  Part personal Question.  My answer:  Hold onto what you have.  Jesus and hope.

b)  Faith, righteousness, life (eternal), victory.

8 )  Part personal Question.  My answer:  He will make believers into pillars in the temple of my God.  Means God will reign here on earth (or in the temple of my God–in God’s kingdom if we die before the Second Coming).  Never again will he (us) leave it–meaning we will have eternal life, reigning forever with God either in heaven or here on earth.

I will write on him the name of my God and the name of the city of my God, the new Jerusalem, which is coming down out of heaven from my God; and I will also write on him my new name.  Means all those saved will be marked with the Holy Spirit (God’s name), given a new name in Christ, and dwell in the New Jerusalem.

I will be a new person in Him and with Him always.

9)  Personal Question.  My answer:  God is in control.  He has it.  One day it will come to pass. I am His.  He is mine.  Even when the immediacy is slow and overbearing, I know in my heart I’ll have it one day.

Conclusions:  Personal Question day it seems.  I enjoyed the whole image of the pillar (see End Notes). It’s such an iconic image, which fits perfectly with Jesus.  I can only hope to stand as strong as a temple pillar.

End Notes:  “Soon” here means when it comes, it will be quick.  NOT it is coming in the immediate future.

Remember the ancient Romans and Greeks invented the pillar–the tall stone columns that support the building, mostly temples.  Every important building and temple had pillars.  Often when we see pictures of ancient ruins, what is the only thing still standing?  Pillars.  They symbolized strength, stability, and beauty.

Jesus here is saying, “Even when the world around you is crumbling, stand strong like a pillar. Stand with me.”

Philadelphia had a lot of earthquakes.  Often the people would flee the city and then come back to it once the tremors stopped.  We are to stand strong in the Lord and never flee.

Pillars were often inscribed in the ancient world much like plaques today.  It was a great honor and privilege.  The fact God would inscribe us is so beyond it’s insane.

Picture of Roman Temples with Pillars HERE and HERE

BSF Study Questions Revelation Lesson 6, Day 2: Revelation 3:7-10

Summary of passage:  Jesus is speaking to the church of Philadelphia, telling them he has placed an open door before them and he knows their deeds and those who are liars will come and fall at their feet and he will also keep them from the hour of trial (most likely the Great Tribulation) that is going to come upon the earth.


3a)  They have kept his word and have not denied his name.

b)  Persecution especially from those claiming to be Jews (non-Christian Jews)

4a)  Holy:  Jesus is God, Yahweh (Lev.11:44; John 17:3; Isaiah 40:25; 43:15).

True:  Jesus is real, genuine.  Not a false prophet or god.

Holds the key of David:  Jesus is the judger who holds the power to open and shut the gates to heaven and hell, essentially granting or denying access to God.

b)  The entrance into heaven or hell.  Access to God, His kingdom, and eternal life.  In John 10:7 & 9 Jesus says he is the gate which leads to salvation.

5)  The Jews in Philadelphia who are persecuting Christians. (See Historical Note Below).

6a)  Obviously, the complete opposite.

b)  Personal Question.  My answer:  Proclaim His name.  Never give in.  Never deny where my strength lies.

Conclusions:  Was expecting a question on the “hour of trial”.  The Great Tribulation is an overarching theme of Revelation and an important one for Christians.  I am curious as to how BSF will handle this discussion.

End Notes:  As most of us know, Philadelphia is two Greek words meaning “brotherly love.”  It was founded for the sole purpose of spreading Greek culture to Asia and was named after its founder whose nickname was philadelphos.  It was a beautiful city, full of temples and forums and statues and sat on the thoroughfare to Asia.  It also suffered numerous earthquakes.  Cool posts HERE and HERE

This is the second church Jesus found nothing to chastise the members about (the other being Smyrna). He praises them.

The “open door that no one can shut” has two interpretations.  The first is that Christ holds the key to God and salvation and only belief in himself can open and close that door.  This is the more popular belief since Isaiah 22:22 used this metaphor and Revelation is so heavily influenced by the Old Testament.

The second refers to evangelism (1 Corinthians 16:9, 2 Corinthians 2:12, and Colossians 4:3).  Just like Philadelphia was founded to spread Greek culture, Jesus wants the Christians here to spread His word.

Another secondary sense more literal here is the ability to enter God’s kingdom as it seems from this wording that the Christians were forbidden to enter the Jewish synagogue.

Only Jesus can shut the door; he alone decides who is worthy and who isn’t.

Note how a little strength in Him is all you need.

Nothing negative is said about the church of Philadelphia.  Jesus is completely pleased with them. They evangelize, have strength in him, and are faithful.  This is the key to heaven.

Unbelievers will fall down and acknowledge Jesus is lord, not the people here (See 1 Corinthians 14:24-25).

“Synagogue of Satan” is seen here as in the church at Smyrna.  Seems the same Jewish persecutors are here as well.

Love is the best way to turn enemies.

BSF does not ask about “the hour of trial” which most scholars agree refers to the Great Tribulation. As I’ve explained BEFORE, the Great Tribulation is the time period where unbelievers will be judged by Christ.  Some, however, think it could refer to upcoming persecution by the Romans.

“Those who live on the earth” is used 9 times in the Book of Revelation and refers to unbelievers not in Christ.  As Christians we are not of this earth.  Our home is in heaven (Colossians 3:3; Ephesians 2:6).

Does this passage promise we won’t experience the Tribulation or we will be protected during it? Both sides of the argument say it supports them.

The argument hinges on the word “persevere”.  Believers are commanded to persevere, supporting those who say Christians will be here during the Great Tribulation.  Those who believe Christians will not be here say Jesus promises to keep us from the hour of trial and use Matthew 24:21 and Revelation chapters 6, 8-9, 16 to support this as well.

However, persevere is in the past tense, lending the sense that Christians will not be here since they have already persevered and now will be rewarded for it.  Scholars say the first century took this literally and they would be kept from the Tribulation.

Remember: those tested are NOT Christians (Philippians 3:20).  So hold on to Jesus!

Historical Note:  As we see in Acts 2, the first Christians were Jewish converts.  It wouldn’t be for a bit before Paul ministers to the Gentiles.  Both Jews and Christians were claiming to be God’s chosen people. The Jews have been since Abraham–millennia.  Now, there’s a new group in town, claiming the same thing.  Both sets probably attended the same synagogue together so tensions would be high.

Non-Christian Jews were horrible to their relatives at times, calling them usurpers, liars, and faced persecution.

Hence, John’s encouragement to the church, saying “No, Jesus holds the Key of David–the way to God.”

John is saying that the Jews are no longer the people of God as a nation since they have rejected their Messiah (Matthew 21:33-43).  The new Israel is the Christians, the Israel of God (Galatians 6:16).

Revelation 3:9 underscores the fact that the Jews will finally acknowledge (fall down) their Savior and the largely gentile church as the people of God.  In that time, “All Israel (the Israeli people as a whole) will be saved” (Romans 11:26).  This is a mark of the End Times and what Jesus is waiting for–the Jews to turn to him–before the End of Times.

BSF Study Questions The Life of Moses Lesson 6, Day 5: Exodus 15:1-21

Summary of passage:  Moses and the Israelites sing a song of praise and worship to the Lord after the final defeat of the Egyptians.  They exalt Him for defeating the Egyptians by parting the waters of the Red Sea.  The enemy boasted and God brought them down.  God redeemed His people in unfailing love and strength.  All of the nations will know and tremble once they hear of what happened here.  Miriam and the women sang God’s praises as well.


10a)  Personal Question.  My answer:  verse 2:  “The Lord is my strength and my song…I will praise him and … exalt him.”  Verse 7:  “In the greatness of your majesty, you threw down those who opposed you.”  Verse 11:  “Who is like  you–majestic in holiness, awesome in glory?”  Verse 13:  “In your unfailing love…and strength you will guide them”

b)  Personal Question.  My answer:  He is always there, waiting to help me and love me when I need Him most.  He is omnipotent and omniscient and knows everything about me.  He sees me.  He knows me.  He is present.  He protects me, shelters me, provides for me.  He wraps me in a big hug when no one else will.  His blessings are beyond what I deserve.  My greatest gift is praise and worship to Him.

c)  Personal Question.  My answer:  By being faithful.  Praising Him.  Thanking Him.  Praying.  Serving. Obeying.  By living a Godly life.

11a)  God will lead the people He has redeemed and guide them to His holy dwelling.  Israel’s enemies would be as still as stone, allowing God’s people to pass by.  Israel will have the Promised Land once again.

b)  God led Abraham to the Promised Land.  God cared for His people in bringing them to Egypt.  He will do the same now.

c)  Personal Question.  My answer:  God has done everything for me and I know He will continue to do so.  I have so many hopes for the future it is ridiculous.  I feel like I’m in a lull now, but I am praying and waiting on Him to do great things.  I would like to write an impactful novel, raise good, God-fearing children, be a dutiful wife, care for all that God has given me (which includes material things and pets), and continue to live in His light.

Conclusions:  Nice break from all the reading!  Nice reflection day since most all are personal questions.  It’s good to think about these things in our lives because often we don’t stop and do so.  It was nice just to pray and think about how much God has done in my life and His promises for the future.

I am wondering though:  Is “Moses and the Israelites” just the men praising God since Miriam then took the women?  I’m confused.

End Notes:  This song is thought to have been spontaneous and a new song unto the Lord.  It is all about God, nothing about Moses.  God is their strength, not He gives them strength.

Parts of this song is found in Scripture 3 times.

The right hand (considered the hand of skill and power) is used in the Bible over 50 times.

This song shows the Israelites definitely knew who God was if the Egyptians still haven’t.

God’s enemies did hear of this event as Rahab the prostitute said so (Joshua 2:10).

This is the first mention of Miriam by name.  Numbers 26:59 seems to indicate Moses had only this one sister.  We also will study later this year that it was not only Aaron who caused trouble for Moses; Miriam did as well.  She is called a prophetess because she received divine communication as did Moses as the prophet.

Scholars are divided on whether the men and women were separated as are ancient recordings on such.  There is arguments on both sides but I think most think men and women were separated.  It would seem to fit the culture to have men and women separated.  Some suggest Moses and the men sang the chorus while Miriam and the women sang the refrain.  Vocal wise, this makes sense since men have low voices and women have high voices.

I find it strange all the women have tambourines.  If this were me, I’d leave that behind when I fled Egypt.  But maybe tambourines were integral in the worship of God, so they brought them.

Fun Fact about Passage:  This is the first song recorded in the Bible.  Can you imagine?  Millions singing at once to God.  Amazing!!

My take away from the Exodus out of Egypt:  God did it.  No one else.

More Celebrations of God:  Psalm 78 & 105

Fun Fact:  The Book of Exodus shows a greater proportion of miracles (direct, supernatural acts of God) than any other part of the Bible except the Gospels.

BSF Study Questions The Life of Moses Lesson 6, Day 4: Exodus 13:17-14:31

Summary of passage:  God did not lead the Israelites out of Egypt on the quickest path for God did not want them to encounter enemies of Egypt and flee back to Egypt.  So He lead them around a desert road to the Red Sea.  Moses took the bones of Joseph with him as Joseph had requested.  From Succoth they camped at Etham and then God led them always either in a pillar of cloud or fire.

Moses by Michelangelo

Moses by Michelangelo

The Lord orders the Israelites to turn back so that Pharaoh will think they are lost and pursue them.  Then the Lord will show Pharaoh once again that He is the Lord.  Pharaoh did pursue them with all of his chariots.  When the people saw the Egyptians pursuing them, they complained to Moses “It would have been better for us to serve the Egyptians than to die in the desert.”  Moses told the people God will fight for them if they are still.

God tells Moses to part the Red Sea, which he does.  The angel of God and the cloud separated the two and allowed the Israelites a chance to escape.  The Egyptians followed the Israelites across and God made the chariot wheels come off.  Then He told Moses to close the sea again and the entire army of Pharaoh was lost at sea.  Afterwards, the Israelites faith was strengthened and they trusted the Lord and Moses.


8a)  Everything God instructed the Israelites to do was to strengthen their faith or to keep them safe or to keep them moving towards the Promised Land.  He showed them He was in control and even the mightiest army in the world was no match for Him.

b)  They would fear Him and put their trust in Him and in His servant, Moses.

c)  Killing all of Pharaoh’s best troops, chariots, and horsemen showed the Egyptians and the world who was boss and would bring God glory.  Remember at this time, the Egyptians were unbeatable, supposedly protected by their many gods.  Being brought down by the God of Israel would bring him much praise and glory and converts perhaps.

d)  Personal Question.  My answer:  I personally feel none of my circumstances have been “impossible”.  With God, there is always a way.  In my difficult circumstances, God has been by my side every step of the way and in my faith I hope I have brought glory to Him for others to see.  Even in doubt, I have prayed.  Even when I don’t feel like praying, I manage something.  And I believe that to be the key.

9a)  “The people feared the Lord and put their trust in him and in Moses his servant.”  Humility and praise.

b)  Personal Question.  My answer:  I believe the same as the Israelites–stronger faith in Him to do it all.  Greater reliance on Him.  Greater praise and credit.  Greater love towards all.

Conclusions:  Thought 8 was a bit repetitive and the personal questions too close as well.  For one of the most important and famous scenes in the Bible I would have liked to have spent more time on it and diving deeper.  There are a lot of nuggets here to explore that we didn’t touch on.  My favorite:  the importance of being still, especially in this crazy, insane world.  How encouraging to know if you are still, God will fight for you and don’t worry about the details–God’s got it.  I would also have liked to explore Pharaoh and his connection with Satan more.

End Notes:  The Red Sea here in the Bible is the modern day Gulf of Suez.  It is not the thick part of the Sea but the beginning.

From Genesis, you may remember that Joseph was never buried.  God had revealed to him that Egypt was not the Promised Land. Hence, it would have been relatively easy to carry Joseph’s bones back.

Pillar in Hebrew means ‘something standing’.  Scholars say it was most likely a column.  God was constantly present with His people and still they doubted.

God set a trap for Pharaoh for His glory and Pharaoh went for it.

How quickly Pharaoh forgets God’s power.  How quickly do we?

This can apply to the devil as well.  He pursues us just like Pharaoh does and we must be always wary.

Chariots at the time were the most advanced weaponry for fighting.  Most battles involved chariots and foot soldiers and maybe some archers.  That’s it.  Charioters were valuable and were seen with honor in Egypt.  Destroying them would hit both Pharaoh and his people a major blow.

God’s people were hemmed in–Pharaoh on one side, Red Sea on another.  It was natural to be scared.  But not natural to lack faith in God (whom you could see in a cloud by the way).  Yet note they cried out to God–exactly what we are supposed to do when fear overwhelms us.  And He answered.  In a BIG way.

Man’s cruel nature is revealed here:  Egypt, the king of burial grounds, and the Israelites use this to mock Moses.  Sad, really.  I see this in man all the time.  People are mean and cruel and it saddens me.

What short-term memories!  Not one week out of Egypt and the Israelites want to go back!

Moses responds in faith!  He has no idea how God is going to save them, but he knows God will.  He encourages the people and soothes them–the mark of a great leader.

When God is the only rescuer in a situation, we trust Him more.  Like with an illness or addiction.  Where we need faith is the daily little things in life.  That is my prayer this week.

Note Moses incredible connection with God and advice:  Be still.  Don’t do anything hasty.  Don’t panic.  Just wait on Him.

Saying the Egyptians would not be seen again is both literal and figurative–not here or in heaven.

God answers “Why are you crying out to me?”  Prayer and then action!  By having Moses perform the miracle, God is strengthening the people’s faith in God’s chosen leader.

Who is the Lord? Pharaoh asked.  God is still answering.  God answers this question with everything in our lives.  When we triumph, God’s enemy falls.  We are a testament to His power every day.

God shielded the Israelites from their enemies.  How often does God do the same for us?

The Egyptians could have submitted then and been spared.  But they chose the dark side and judgment.

The Hebrew is “Reed Sea” so identifying the exact spot of crossing has been impossible.  Modern scholars say modern-day Lake Sirbonis but recent research says Gulf of Aqaba.  For me, this is a mute point.  All that matters is God’s delivery of His people.

Nice Map showing Map of Exodus with crossing on Gulf of Aqaba:

Just to be clear:  no one is for sure the exact route that Moses took or where the crossing of the Reed Sea took place.  Every map I find online is different.  I provide these so you can have a rough idea of what the Israelites went through and what land they crossed.  God is behind it all.  The details are left for when we get to heaven.

Psalm 77:16-20 gives more detail on the actual crossing.  One of the “remembering” psalms, the author begins in despair, but remembers God’s great deeds and is strengthened in his faith.  Powerful psalm for when we are lost and low.

God slows the chariots while Moses closes the Sea–again, using Moses as His chosen instrument.

Egypt with relation to Israel is now no more.  Egypt does not bother with Canaan for most of the rest of the Bible.  Seeing the dead bodies would have been final to the Israelites–no more slavery.

Interesting tid-bit:  one scholar speculates that the Israelites may have pillaged the dead bodies and stolen weapons to be used against their enemies in Canaan.

God delivers us out of both love and glory for Him.  The Passover and the Red Sea must happen just like the cross and the Redemption.

BSF Study Questions The Life of Moses Lesson 6, Day 3: Exodus 12:31-13:16

Summary of passage:  During the night Pharaoh finally told the Egyptians to leave as the Egyptians were afraid they would all die.  Pharaoh also asks to be blessed by God.  So they were given clothing, silver, and gold and journeyed on foot.  They numbered 600,000 men, along with the women, children, livestock, and others.  They were in Egypt for 430 years.

The Lord said no uncircumcised males may partake of the Passover.  It must be eaten inside with no bones broken.

Exodus 13:  God ordered every firstborn male be consecrated to him, including the animals (this would later be replaced with the Levites in Numbers).  This day must forever be commemorated with a festival and with no bread with leaven in it for the generations to come and is to be told to every generation and remembered.  Every firstborn and sacrifice will be a sign of this remembrance.


5a)  It would devastate it.

b)  When He struck down all the firstborn in Egypt (Passover).

c)  Israel is God’s firstborn son.

d)  Personal Question.  My answer:  By following God’s purpose for my life.  Living a godly life.  Doing what Jesus would do.  Repenting.  Asking for forgiveness for others.  Praying.  Faith.

6)  “The Lord made the Egyptians favorably disposed toward the people, and they gave them what they asked for; so they plundered the Egyptians.”

7)  Non-Israelites did go with the Israelites (verse 38) and God had to make sure they believed in Him and accepted His sacrifice for their sins.  It’s just like taking communion or the Eucharist today.  It has meaning and you must accept Him in order to be cleansed just like with Jesus.

Conclusions:  Try not to gloss over this section although it’s easy to do especially after yesterday which was a doozy. It is repetitive, yes, of what happened in Exodus 12 but it’s important enough to be repeated.  Note the emphasis of how God keeps stressing over and over the importance of remembering this day and what it means to His people.  The importance of passing this on to the next generations.  The importance of obeying these ordinances forever.

We must remember the Passover in the OT is the equivalent of Jesus dying on the cross–it was that important.  It accomplished the same thing–cleansing us of our sins.  Hence, the importance of it in these passages.

I love how Pharaoh says “Go but bless me too!”.  It’s still about him, yes.  But we see he has finally accepted that God is the One, True God.  He learned the hard way.  I pray we don’t learn that way.

End Notes:  Pharaoh was finally broken when his son died.  God does whatever it takes for His will.  Always justly.

We see the importance of the unleavened bread for the Israelites had to leave NOW.

Succoth means shelters to this may not be the town of Succoth.  There was probably was an air of celebration after the haste and the people were probably over the moon.

The number 600,000 has been debated.  Some say this was about 2 million people in total who left Egypt.  Regardless, it was a lot of people to be moving all at once out of the country.

Note the magnitude of God:  to the exact day of 430 years did the Israelites leave.

If you were part of God’s people, you had to celebrate the Passover.  If you wanted in,  you had to be circumcised and celebrate Passover.

God also required the dedication of the firstborn to Him because God always requires our best and the firstborn was considered the best in Ancient Times.

Phylactery boxes began with these instructions of which priests corrupted back in Jesus’ day.  This passage is not meant to be literal.

This is the simpliest and easiest Map of Exodus I could find with Rameses and Succoth clearly marked:

Fun Fact:  “Out of Egypt” occurs 56 times from this passage in the Bible.  Important, wouldn’t you say?