BSF Study Questions The Life of Moses Lesson 8, Day 4: Exodus 20:12-17

Summary of passage:  The last six Ten Commandments given to Moses by God that apply to people’s relationships with one another.

Honor your father and mother.

You shall not murder.

You shall not commit adultery.

You shall not steal.

You shall not give false testimony against your neighbor.

You shall not covet anything that belongs to your neighbor.

Questions:

9)  Exodus 20:12; Deuteronomy 5:16:  Honor your father and mother.  God promised if you do you may live long in the land the Lord gave you and Deuteronomy adds so that it may go well with you in the land.  Ask God to have a good relationship with my parents.

Exodus 20:13:  You shall not murder.  Ask God to tame my anger.

Exodus 20:14:  You shall not commit adultery.  Ask God to tame my emotions and capture my thoughts.

Exodus 20:15:  You shall not steal.  Ask God to tame my selfishness.

Exodus 20:16:  You shall not give false testimony against your neighbor.  Ask God to quiet my tongue and follow Jesus’ Golden Rule and not engage in gossip.

Exodus 20:17; Deuteronomy 5:21:  You shall not covet or set your desire on anything that belongs to your neighbor including his house, wife, servant, ox, donkey, etc.  Ask God to have peace with what I have and to focus on Him and His purpose for my life; the rest will take care of itself.

Conclusions:  Short but sweet.  These commandments are very straightforward so us dumb humans can comprehend them. Sometimes I think relationships with people are harder than a relationship with God because God is perfect and people are not.  Most of us will never murder one another but we could with our words and our spite.  Adultery can be committed in the mind as well.  Stealing is as simple as not paying for a forgotten item in a grocery cart.  Gossip for us women is hard to avoid but we can choose to not engage in it.  Coveting (desiring something that doesn’t belong to you) is especially hard for us in the Western World who are bombarded by advertisement and celebrities that fuel this desire and our lax culture who say it’s okay to want what others have.  If we have God, we have enough and I believe this is God’s point here.  You should desire Him more than anything else in this world.  Nothing else matters.

End Notes:  Fifth Commandment:  Care for your parents throughout their days.  Not all that long ago, it was customary for your parents to live with you until they died.  Now we shove them in homes and pay others to care for them.  Care for your parents as they have cared for you.

Sixth Commandment:  The two words in Hebrew here means “unjustified killing”.  This does not prohibit justified killing i.e. self-defense, etc.  Jesus expanded this to mean killing in the heart as well (Matthew 5:21-26) and wishing they were dead.

Seventh Commandment:  The Old Testament clearly outlaws adultery and the punishment is death (Deuteronomy 22:22).  The Old Testament also addresses sleeping with a virgin and the punishment for that (usually marriage–Exodus 22:16), which is pre-marital sex.  Again, Jesus expanded this in Matthew 5:27-30 to mean even just looking at someone in a desireous way can be committing adultery if it is committed in the heart.

Eighth Commandment:  We can also steal from God what is rightfully His by not fulfilling His commands such as tithing or serving Him or anything else that involves giving of ourselves up to Him. (Malachi 3).

Ninth Commandment:  This is also slander and gossip and lying.  This was the sin that sent Jesus to the cross when false witness after false witness testified against him.  Satan is behind it all and instead of “speaking our minds”, we should prayerfully control our tongues first–something I’m bad at.

Tenth Commandment:  This one is aimed at our hearts.  There is nothing wrong with desiring things except when it is something possessed by another.

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BSF Study Questions The Life of Moses Lesson 8, Day 3: Exodus 20:1-11

Summary of passage:  God gives Moses the Ten Commandments.  Here, we study the First Four, which address the people’s relationship with God.

1)  You shall have no other gods before me.

2)  You shall have no idols of any form for I am a jealous God.

3)  You shall not misuse the name of the Lord your God.

4)  Keep the Sabbath holy.

Questions:

7a)  “I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery.”

b)  Personal Question.  My answer:  This is a tough one.  In every way.  God’s grace, love, mercy, understanding, light.

8 )  Exodus 20:3:  You shall have no other gods before me.  Ask God to always have Him at my center.

Exodus 20:4-6:  You shall have no idols of any form.  God warns that he will punish the children for the sin of the fathers to the third and fourth generation of those who hat him but show love to a thousand generations of those who love Him and Keep His commandments.  Ask God to have Him at my center and to listen to Him and not to the world.

Exodus 20:7:  You shall not misuse the name of the Lord your God.  God warns He will not hold anyone guiltless who misuses his name.  Ask God to temper my anger and keep a clean mouth.

Exodus 20:8-11; Deuteronomy 5:12-15:  Keep the Sabbath holy.  God blessed the Sabbath.  Ask God to allow me to rest in Him always and forever.

Conclusions:  I like how the Ten Commandments are broken up, especially after yesterday which I thought was a lot to take in.

End Notes:  We cannot underestimate the weight of the Ten Commandments here and what it meant.  Finally, for the first time in the history of the world, mankind (specifically the Israelites) have a binding treaty with their God.  For millenia, people worshipped fickle gods who may or may not be pleased with offerings or with their behavior.  Here, God has told His people exactly what He expects from them and what will please Him and how to live their lives.  This is a momentous occasion and the people know it.

This concept is very hard for those of us who have known God our entire lives to go back 4000 years. Can you imagine the hope?  God is promising if you obey Him, He will take away diseases, struggles, and war and usher in a secure, wealthy society.  It’s almost as if God is offering us a second chance after the Fall.  Can you know imagine and take in the heartbreak of God when His people failed Him again?

We must remember the people THEMSELVES heard God speak these words.  They were so afraid that they asked Moses to be the one to deliver God’s words from now on (Exodus 20:18-19).  Can you imagine?  I want to hear God’s voice!!

Are the Ten Commandments new?  No.  These are laws that have been in the heart of man since Adam.  They are deep in our consciouses, rooted in nature, rooted in our souls.  God just put these into words.

This is God’s Laws, NOT Moses’ laws despite the fact they are commonly known as the Mosaic Law.  God spoke these, NOT Moses.  This is ALL God.  NO man is above God. He is the highest law of the land.

The Code of Hammurabi, the closest analogy to God’s laws at this time, focuses on the ruler, Hammurabi. It is laws about his supremacy, not any god, much like rules from our government today.

God is the ultimate authority, not man’s fickleness or idea of what is right or wrong.  We need God’s moral code to teach us, to guide us, to set expectations and consequences if we fail, to serve as an impetuous.  Otherwise, it would be all about “me” and not about Him or others.

The Commandments and all of God’s decrees are a gift from Him to His people.  Without them, we’d be lost.  We need the moral guidance, instruction, and impetuous.  Otherwise, life would have no meaning.

First Commandment:  The Commandments are listed in order of importance.  We must remember polytheism is the norm.  Monotheism is a new idea.  Here God takes great pains to say He is the only one out there.

Note how first God delivers the Egyptians.  First He provides for them.  First He meets their needs.  Then He issues His laws.  He blesses first, then asks for obedience.  Amazing!

Second Commandment:  Again, this time period has people worshipping thousands of man-made objects. God spoke with words, not images.  God is a Spirit, not an object.

God must be supreme for our own good, not God’s.  With Him at the center, we flourish.  With other things at the center, we sin.

As long as you love God, you will not be punished.

Third Commandment:  Self explanatory.  Revere God and His name.

Fourth Commandment:  Remember the Rest.  Remember that we rest in Him through Jesus. Every day should be a rest as we remember the finished work of God.  We remember and celebrate God every day, not just on Sundays.

But as God rested physically, so should we.  From work.  We are not to be idle.  We are to work, THEN rest.

Under the New Covenant, no one is under obligation to observe a Sabbath day (Colossians 2:16-17 and Galatians 4:9-11). Galatians 4:10 says Christians are not bound to observe any day or week in particular. “The rest we enter into as Christians is something to experience every day, not just one day a week – the rest of knowing we don’t have to work to save ourselves, but our salvation is accomplished in Jesus (Hebrews 4:9-10).”  Credit to Enduring Word commentaries.

BSF Study Questions The Life of Moses Lesson 7, Day 5: Exodus 18

Summary of passage:  Jethro, Moses’ father-in-law, visits Moses, bringing him his wife and two sons with him.  Moses meets him and Moses explains all that the Lord has been doing for the Israelites.  Jethro acknowledges God above all other gods and offers a burnt sacrifice.

The next day Moses sits in judgement of his people.  Immediately, Jethro sees how Moses spent his whole day listening to disputes and suggests that Moses appoint others to listen to the easy disputes so as not to wear himself out.  Then Moses can settle only the difficult disputes, and have time to rest and attend to other matters.  Moses followed his father-in-law’s advice and then Jethro returned to his country.

Questions:

10a)  Probably right after the crossing of the Red Sea because it would be difficult terrain.  Maybe during the plagues as well so they wouldn’t suffer while they were still in Egypt.  The fact is that the Bible does not say so no one knows.  Why this is a challenge question is beyond me.  Nothing in the Bible tells us.

b)  To protect them from something or someone (diseases, plagues, a dictator, hardships, etc).  Or even to better focus on his job (in this case leading the people out of Israel) without distractions.

11a)  Jethro was “delighted”.  He praised the Lord, acknowledged his greatness above all other gods and offered up a burnt offering and other sacrifices to God in praise.

b)  Personal Question.  My answer:  I tend to think my life is not that noteworthy and I haven’t had any great God event occur–certainly not like parting the Red Sea.  So that leaves me with little things:  how God provided during hard times, God protected me when I was young and stupid, God protected us all from things we don’t even know, and God’s faithfulness day-in and day-out.

12a)  Moses was wearing himself out with the heavy workload.  People were standing around all day, waiting for their turn, becoming impatient and angry.  His time was better spent concentrating on leading the people to the Promised Land, not on disputes.

b)  He told Moses to delegate the simple tasks so he would have more time to hear from God.  To train up Godly men to help him.  To teach God’s laws and decrees to the people so that they are better able to govern themselves.

c)  Capable men–men who fear God, trustworthy men who hate dishonest gain.

d)  God

e)  Personal Question.  My answer:  Help me to be a better teacher of his decrees and laws to my kids and others around me.  Help me to ask for help when I need it.  Recently, we started a chore chart with the kids so they could help me keep up with the housecleaning duties.  This was something I desperately needed.  Help me to focus on God’s work and delegate the rest.  Help me to pray more and pray before decisions.

Conclusions:  Leaders must delegate if they are to lead properly.  Here we see the first Biblical example of doing so.  We also see God using others to promote His will and ease some of our burdens.  We see concern and compassion for others and the will to speak Godly advice into others’ lives.  Great stuff!

End Notes:  We assume Jethro worshipped the One, True God as scholars say a priest of Midian may be descended from Abraham (Genesis 25:1-2).

This is the only time Moses’ second son is mentioned.  Eliezer means “God is my helper.”  What a consrast with his first son’s name, meaning “alien there.”

Scholars believe this event is out of order, using Numbers and Deuteronomy as evidence.  They believe this scene happened much later, closer to coming near the Promised Land.

Moses took the advice; a great character trait in leaders.  Moses also prayed about advice from Jethro to make sure it was God’s will as well.

Note the importance of praying and teaching. Pray for others and teach them God’s laws so that they may settle disputes as well.  You are better when you develop those around you as well.  This also blessed those chosen, giving them the opportunity to serve God as well.

BSF Study Questions The Life of Moses Lesson 7, Day 4: Exodus 17:8-16

Summary of passage:  The Amalekites attack the Israelites. Moses sent Joshua out to fight while he, Aaron, and Hur went to a hill. Moses held up his hands and the Israelites would win. Aaron and Hur helped Moses to hold up his hands the entire day for if he didn’t, the Amalekites would win. Joshua overcame in the end and Moses built an alter to God and recorded the event and God’s promise to wipe the Amalekites from history.

Questions:

8a)  Moses calls it the “staff of God” in verse 9.  I think it represented God and God’s blessings

b)  The fact that Moses held up the staff because when Moses held up the staff, the Israelites were winning. When he lowered it, the Israelites were losing.  Presumably, if Moses didn’t hold up the staff, the Israelites would lose the war.  Plus, the staff represents God’s favor so God’s power is in the staff.  Furthermore, we are not told here what God said to do.  All that is recorded is Moses’ orders.  So God could have told Moses to hold up the staff and Moses could have told Joshua to go and fight.  We are not sure.

c)  Personal Question.  My answer:  Not sure what the pronoun “this” is referring to in this question.  “This” could be the whole passage.  “This” could be the previous question.  BSF is unclear here.  I’m gonna go with the previous question here.  Moses had to pray to win the battle.  So must I.  I must pray to win my battles and lately I’ve been remiss of this as I’ve felt a bit far from God.  Prayer is a weapon that I must wield much more often.

9a)  The account of this battle and that God will completely blot out the memory of the Amalekites.

b)  Two-fold:  So this battle can be remembered by future generations as a testament to God’s greatness and glory and mercy. So that His people would know that their enemies, the Amalekites, are insignificant and God will keep His promise to blot them from history.

c)  Personal Question.  My answer:  It’s more oral tales than written records.  Give God the credit to all in my life.  Hopefully, my life will be a testament itself.

Conclusions:  Too many pronouns “this” in this passage.  I had to go immediately to commentary to answer some of these.  Other Bible translations proved helpful as well.

My take away:  Pray.

End Notes:  Amalek was the grandson of Esau (Genesis 36:12).  The Amalekites were a group of wandering nomads in the Sinai at this time.  In Deuteronomy 25:17-18 we learn that the Amelekites attacked the end of the line where the women, children, old, and the baggage lay.  This was a cowardly act of war, intent to just steal from the Israelites.

This was the first battle for the Israelites in 400 years.  They had to rely on God for this one.

Moses calls the rod “the rod of God”.  God calls the rod “the rod of Moses”.  Love the honor here!

This is the first time in the Bible we meet Joshua, who always is faithful to Moses and God.

Scholars believe Hur was Miriam’s husband.

Moses holding up his hands was the traditional way for the Israelites to pray much like we bow our heads.  Here, Moses is praying.  When he stops praying, God stops acting.  Great lesson for us to learn–the power of prayer.

Praying was the hard work here, not the battle.  Note Moses needed others to support him–just like we do in our Christian walks.

Today many of God’s peoples are defeated because they do not pray.  Fighting is important and with prayer it’s indestructible.

Moses is commanded five times to write down something by God (Exodus 17:14, Exodus 24:4-7, Exodus 34:27, Numbers 33:1-2, and Deuteronomy 31:9, 24).

More battles will give the Amalekites time to repent.  God is good.

Favorite Map showing Rephidim where the Amalekites attacked Israel:  http://headwatersresources.org/blog/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/ExodusColorNotesFramedCC.jpg

Fun Fact:  Jesus is the Greek pronunciation of Joshua.  They are the same name.  You can see why in the lives of both men.

BSF Study Questions The Life of Moses Lesson 7, Day 3: Exodus 17:1-7

Summary of passage:  The Israelites set out for their journey to Canaan, traveling from place to place, still in the Desert of Sin.  They reach Rephidim where there is no water so they again complain to Moses.  Moses asks them why do they test the Lord.  Still, they protest.  Moses, exasperated, asks God what to do.  God tells Moses to strike a rock at Horeb to bring forth water for the people.

Questions:

6a)  They complained they had no water and they accused him of bringing them out of Egypt so they could die–the same complaint they made in Exodus 16.

b)  Because they lacked faith in God to provide.

c)  He met their needs, specifically by sending out Moses to bring forth water from the rock of Horeb.

d)  Water, especially in the desert is precious and life-giving.  Jesus said he brings the water of eternal life if you choose to drink it (which is accept him as the Savior).  Jesus is our Rock, our salvation, and if you drink from the rock, you drink of him.  When Jesus was struck like this rock, living water flowed.  We received the Holy Spirit from that rock and water (Jesus).

7a)  The grumbled about water (Exodus 15:24; 17:2-3) and food (Exodus 16:3).  Three times they grumbled, repenting zero times.

b)  Personal Question.  My answer:  I am ungrateful a lot of the time, not remembering my blessings like the Israelites. I can be flippant as well to others and dismissive and selfish.  I will ask God to allow me to remember my blessings, have a more grateful heart, and be kinder with my words and attitudes towards others.  Lessen my selfishness.

Conclusions:  I liked this cause it was a short read.  It’s hard to read how much the Israelites grumbled cause I wonder how much I do the same thing.  I think they are idiots, but I’m sure God thinks the same of me as well.  Luckily, He showers me with grace like He did the Israelites as I continue on my imperfect path.

Please read John 7:39 for question 6d.  It specifically says the living water is the Holy Spirit.  I’m not sure why BSF cut that verse off.

End Notes:  We in the Western world have a hard time understanding thirst.  I know I don’t think I’ve ever gone without water for a day.  So to go three days without water I cannot imagine.  But without it you will die.  And when dehydration sets in, the mind starts going and I’m sure patience as well.  Thirst is the number one need and the most important here.

We can learn from Moses who took his problems to God in complete faith to solve them, which He did.

God has Moses perform this miracle for all to see so that they would know God is with them.

God answers with no words of reproach–something I know I need to work on.

In Deuteronomy, God specifically refers to this test at Massah and Meribah as examples of unbelief.

The greatest sin of the Israelites is right here in their own words:  “Is the Lord among us or not?”  I think even if God appeared personally, someone would doubt.  I wonder what quality this is in us humans to doubt our eyes and our ears.  Every lower animal relies on their senses to survive and we rely on our brain.  Sometimes I think this may not be such a good thing.  We overthink instead of just using our senses and knowing.

I wonder how much God’s heart broke because of this.  What God wants most from us–belief in Him.  Sad.  Very, very sad.

We cannot think of the Sinai Peninsula as barren with no life.  It is a desert but it’s a high plateau with mountains, trees, and some grasslands.  It cannot support a large population but it does support life.

Insane in-depth analysis of the Wilderness of Sin, using mostly ariel satellite images.  Great website to get an idea of what the landscape is like.  Remember, no one is sure of these exact locations.  These are the best guesses, using the Bible in terms of location.  To me, it’s a great visual to gain a sense of what the Israelites faced.

http://www.bible.ca/archeology/bible-archeology-exodus-route-wilderness-of-sin.htm

BSF Study Questions The Life of Moses Lesson 7, Day 2: Exodus 15:22-16:36

Summary of passage:  The Exodus continues now as Moses leads God’s people from the Red Sea through the Desert of Shur.  Here, they could not find water so Moses cries out to the Lord.  God shows Moses a log which he throws in the water to purify it.  The Lord made a decree with his people that if they listened to Him and followed his command and kept his decrees, He would not bring any diseases upon them.

Exodus 16:  The march through the desert is not easy so the people begin to grumble against Moses and Aaron, saying they have brought them out here to die.  The Lord then promised to rain down bread from heaven and have the people gather the bread.  Moses told the people they would receive bread in the mornings and meat in the evenings from the Lord since He has heard their grumblings against Him.  The people could see the glory of the Lord speaking to Moses.  God did this so they would know He is the Lord their God.

God sent manna and quail for the Israelites to eat.  They were to take only what was needed and not save any. When some took too much, it rotted by morning.  On the sixth day, the people are to gather enough food for the Sabbath.  This they are allowed to store.  However, as always, some disobeyed and tried to find food, angering the Lord.

The Lord commanded the people to keep some manna as a reminder of their journey.  For 40 years, the people ate manna provided by God until they came to Canaan.

Questions:

3a)  Three days

b)  Moses cried out to the Lord and He heard and showed Moses a piece of wood, which he threw in the water, purifying it.

c)  The people must listen carefully to the voice of the Lord and do what is right in His eyes and pay attention to His commands and keep all of his decrees, then He would never bring diseases upon His people.

d)  He is the Lord their God who heals them.

4a)  The people think that Moses has brought them into the desert when it is the Lord who has done so.

b)  God. Verses 7, 8 & 9

5a)  He rained down bread (manna) for the people in the morning and provided meat (quail) for them in the evenings. He did this for 40 years.

b)  It was a test to see if the people followed His instructions exactly.  If they listened to God and followed His decrees.  It also tested their faith and reliance on God to provide for their needs.

c)  Jesus said that God gave them the bread from heaven but the true bread is himself–the one who came down from heaven and gives life to the world.  Jesus follows with one of his most famous statements, saying he is the bread of life and whoever comes to him in faith and belief will have everlasting life.

d)  Personal Question.  My answer:  I am assuming you can read this as how have you experienced Jesus.  For me, he is everywhere always in every nook and cranny of my being.  I experience him every day and praise and thank him for my life which he has blessed me with.  He is my bread, my salvation and I pray I live that every day of my life.

Conclusions:  My favorite part is how the Israelites grumble against Moses but it’s truly against God.  How often do we do this? Blame others and lash out at them when it’s not their fault and we are truly mad at God for our circumstances.  We blame others when it’s our lack of faith that is to blame.  I loved how both God and Moses called the people on it and highlighted their lack of faith and ungratefulness.  I also like how it only took 3 days from seeing God at His most powerful for the Israelites to forget.

I wonder what it must have been like to see manna fall from the sky.  Cool!

End Notes:  Experts say 3 days is the maximum amount of time the human body can go without water under desert conditions.

Why did Moses not use his rod he is carrying that have worked the wonders before?  Every time, God has granted Moses and the rod the ability to do His bidding.  The same here.  God must give the rod magic powers; the rod itself has nothing to do with it.  Hence, God chooses a log instead, reminiscent of the cross.  Scholars also say this water was purified with elements to cleanse the Israelites of any maladies from Egypt.  So it cleansed and it satisfied.

When God calls you to obey Him, it is really a test.

Many of God’s laws is to keep the people safe from diseases.

Elim was a place of restoration for the people.  Testing would come later as they continued their journey across the desert.

Exodus 16 opens with one month after leaving Egypt.  The people are headed towards the Sinai but they must cross the Wilderness of Sin first.

Note the Israelites were the only ones to call the bread manna, which means “What is it?”  God almost always called it “bread from heaven”.  God provides in unexpected ways.

God could have been mad about the complaints.  Instead, He had compassion and mercy on them and gave them what they needed.

The quails here migrate over the Sinai Peninsula and at night they rest and are easy picking for predators.

Manna was a thin, flaky substance left over when the dew evaporated, which the people had to gather.  No one really knows exactly what it was but God.  No one knows exactly how much an omer was either.  It had to be gathered by each family when it appeared.  No laziness accepted.

The first mention of the Sabbath is right here!  The first mention since God rested after the creation, that is, in Genesis 2.  The root word of ‘rest’ and ‘Sabbath’ are the same.  I missed this because I am so used to the Sabbath being holy but here the Israelites had no clue what God was doing.  Hence, I think in some small way this can explain why some disobeyed (even though they shouldn’t have) to gather the bread.  God was teaching here and some unfortunately missed it.

Just as God provided, God stopped once they arrived in Canaan.  He blessed them instead with the joy of providing for themselves.

Here was our wonderful question to read from John as Jesus explains the true meaning behind manna and the bread of life.  Awesome!

Take away:  The details are truly unimportant here.  What we need to know is this:  depend on God who will provide in unexpected ways as long as you obey and trust in Him.  Feed daily from the true Bread of Life and you will be blessed forevermore.

Extras:  Short reading on Sabbath and this passage HERE

Interesting longer read on the Sabbath HERE, which details its beginnings, its meaning for the Jews at the time, and its meaning for Christians.  Very good article on the misunderstandings of the Sabbath and how Christians can distort the true intent behind it.  Excellent for those who think God can be compartimentalized to one day only!

More on the Sabbath will be forthcoming in our study, especially since it is one of the Ten Commandments so stay tuned!

My Favorite Map Showing Elim, Marah and Sinai:  HERE

BSF Study Questions The Life of Moses Lesson 6, Day 5: Exodus 15:1-21

Summary of passage:  Moses and the Israelites sing a song of praise and worship to the Lord after the final defeat of the Egyptians.  They exalt Him for defeating the Egyptians by parting the waters of the Red Sea.  The enemy boasted and God brought them down.  God redeemed His people in unfailing love and strength.  All of the nations will know and tremble once they hear of what happened here.  Miriam and the women sang God’s praises as well.

Questions:

10a)  Personal Question.  My answer:  verse 2:  “The Lord is my strength and my song…I will praise him and … exalt him.”  Verse 7:  “In the greatness of your majesty, you threw down those who opposed you.”  Verse 11:  “Who is like  you–majestic in holiness, awesome in glory?”  Verse 13:  “In your unfailing love…and strength you will guide them”

b)  Personal Question.  My answer:  He is always there, waiting to help me and love me when I need Him most.  He is omnipotent and omniscient and knows everything about me.  He sees me.  He knows me.  He is present.  He protects me, shelters me, provides for me.  He wraps me in a big hug when no one else will.  His blessings are beyond what I deserve.  My greatest gift is praise and worship to Him.

c)  Personal Question.  My answer:  By being faithful.  Praising Him.  Thanking Him.  Praying.  Serving. Obeying.  By living a Godly life.

11a)  God will lead the people He has redeemed and guide them to His holy dwelling.  Israel’s enemies would be as still as stone, allowing God’s people to pass by.  Israel will have the Promised Land once again.

b)  God led Abraham to the Promised Land.  God cared for His people in bringing them to Egypt.  He will do the same now.

c)  Personal Question.  My answer:  God has done everything for me and I know He will continue to do so.  I have so many hopes for the future it is ridiculous.  I feel like I’m in a lull now, but I am praying and waiting on Him to do great things.  I would like to write an impactful novel, raise good, God-fearing children, be a dutiful wife, care for all that God has given me (which includes material things and pets), and continue to live in His light.

Conclusions:  Nice break from all the reading!  Nice reflection day since most all are personal questions.  It’s good to think about these things in our lives because often we don’t stop and do so.  It was nice just to pray and think about how much God has done in my life and His promises for the future.

I am wondering though:  Is “Moses and the Israelites” just the men praising God since Miriam then took the women?  I’m confused.

End Notes:  This song is thought to have been spontaneous and a new song unto the Lord.  It is all about God, nothing about Moses.  God is their strength, not He gives them strength.

Parts of this song is found in Scripture 3 times.

The right hand (considered the hand of skill and power) is used in the Bible over 50 times.

This song shows the Israelites definitely knew who God was if the Egyptians still haven’t.

God’s enemies did hear of this event as Rahab the prostitute said so (Joshua 2:10).

This is the first mention of Miriam by name.  Numbers 26:59 seems to indicate Moses had only this one sister.  We also will study later this year that it was not only Aaron who caused trouble for Moses; Miriam did as well.  She is called a prophetess because she received divine communication as did Moses as the prophet.

Scholars are divided on whether the men and women were separated as are ancient recordings on such.  There is arguments on both sides but I think most think men and women were separated.  It would seem to fit the culture to have men and women separated.  Some suggest Moses and the men sang the chorus while Miriam and the women sang the refrain.  Vocal wise, this makes sense since men have low voices and women have high voices.

I find it strange all the women have tambourines.  If this were me, I’d leave that behind when I fled Egypt.  But maybe tambourines were integral in the worship of God, so they brought them.

Fun Fact about Passage:  This is the first song recorded in the Bible.  Can you imagine?  Millions singing at once to God.  Amazing!!

My take away from the Exodus out of Egypt:  God did it.  No one else.

More Celebrations of God:  Psalm 78 & 105

Fun Fact:  The Book of Exodus shows a greater proportion of miracles (direct, supernatural acts of God) than any other part of the Bible except the Gospels.