BSF Study Questions The Life of Moses Lesson 18, Day 2: Numbers 1-4

Introductory Note:  Leviticus dealt exclusively with the Laws given to Moses.  Exodus happens in one year.  Leviticus in one month.  Numbers in 38 years!  Numbers opens with the people still at Mount Sinai, preparing to continue their journey to the Promised Land.

We will be taking a much more in-depth (and hopefully relaxed!) approach to the study of Numbers, taking a full 8 weeks or 2 months to read through it and digest and study it.  The reading should not be quite so overwhelming as in the study of Leviticus.

Summary of passage:  Numbers 1:  God spoke to Moses at the Tabernacle two years after the Israelites left Egypt.  He directs Moses to take a census of the people, divided up into their Tribes.  They also counted those who were eligible to serve in Israel’s army.  The Levites were not included in the census or the draft as they were God’s chosen to care for the Tabernacle.

Numbers 2:  God directs the Israelites to camp around the Tent of Meeting within his own tribe with the Levites and the Tent of Meeting in the center.

Numbers 3:  God gives directions for the tribe of the Levites.  They are to forever care for the Tent of Meeting and the tabernacle.  God has chosen them in place of the firstborn and told Moses to count them.  Each descendant of a son has a different task and items they must care for.  There were more sons than Levite sons (273 more) so the 273 had to be redeemed with 5 shekels for each one and given to Aaron and his sons.

Numbers 4:  God told Moses to specifically take census of the Kohathites of the tribe of Levi who are to care for the most holy things.  The Gershonites of the tribe of Levi are to carry the curtains of the tabernacles.  The merriness are to carry the frames of the tabernacle.  They were counted as well.

Questions:

3a)  To take inventory of the men eligible to serve in the army.

b)  They are God’s chosen to are of the tabernacle and all of its furnishings.

c)  603,550

d)  2 million

e)  God promised Abraham to make his descendants as number as the stars.  He promised to give them the Promised Land and to defeat their enemies.  Having a large army goes a long way towards that.

4a) The Tent of Meeting or the tabernacle

b)  This would be a huge reminder that God (who dwelled in the Tent of Meeting) is to be the center of their lives.

c)  Personal Question.  My answer:  God mostly except when I fall into selfishness.  I hope my family and friends would agree with me.

5a)  Eleazar and Ithamar and Aaron (the high priest)

b)  The tribe of Levi.  “They are to perform duties for him (Aaron) and for the whole community by doing the work of the Tabernacle.  They are to take care of the furnishings.”

c)  At the foot of Mount Sinai when the Israelites had made the golden calf.  They were set apart because they repented at the foot of Mount Sinai and answered Moses call when he asked for those who “is for the Lord to come to him.”  They did as Moses commanded.

d)  Personal Question.  My answer:  That each had a role to play and an assigned task and all contributed to the care of God’s tabernacle and the worship of God in the process.  We all have a role to play; the trick is figuring out that role in your church.

Conclusions:  Good lesson as we see God continue to prepare the Israelites for what they will face ahead (enemies) and what they will do once they arrive in the Promised Land (worship Him).

It’s important for us to take inventory as well–see where we are at in our walk with God and make plans to grow with Him.  God was preparing His people for what was to come as He does us.

Everyone had a role to play in God’s plan.  No one is left out.  Each role is dependent on the others doing their roles as well.  Good passage for us when we question God’s role for us–He does have a plan for each and every one of us.

End Notes:  Numbers 1:  Note how the count is done by families.  From the beginning God emphasized the importance of family.

There are still 12 Tribes of Israel as Joseph was given a double inheritance (Genesis 48:5-6) by Jacob even though the tribe of Levi was exempt as the keepers of the tabernacle.

Note Nahshon (verse 7) is the same as the one in Matthew 1:4–Jesus’ line.

In Numbers 26 at the end of this time in the desert, this census is repeated and the number of men is almost the same.  We’ll see why as we study the book of Numbers.

Numbers 2:  Before the tents were pitched randomly.  Here, God changes all that.

Judah, the tribe of Jesus, is first and closest to the tabernacle on the east.  Their standard (flag) is said to be a lion.  Reuben is closest on the south with their standard said to be a man.  Ephraim was first on the west side, their standard said to be a calf.  Dan was first on the north side, their standard being an eagle.  The Levites in the middle the closest to the tabernacle.  This was the marching order as well.

These are the animals that surround God’s throne in Revelation 4:7.

God is a God of order.  Nothing is arbitrary.  Everything is planned even if we don’t see it.

Numbers 3:  Confusion point:  Only descendants of Aaron could be priests.  There were other Levites who were not descended from Aaron.  We see in this chapter they were assigned other roles in relation to the tabernacle, but they could never become priests.  These Levites were the support that allowed Aaron and his sons to minister to the Israelites–just like in a church today.

Levi’s three sons:  Gershon, Kohath, and Merari are the heads of the Levite tribe.

Aaron and Moses camped on the east side of the tabernacle, closest to the entrance.

There is a discrepancy here in this chapter in the number of Levites, which scholars attribute to a translation error.

The number of firstborns is low; hence, scholars think this is the number of firstborns born since leaving Egypt.

Numbers 4:  Only those between the ages of 30 and 50 did the actual work in the sanctuary. This was considered the prime of a man’s life and God wanted the best.

Aaron and the priests had to pack the furniture itself since it was considered holy before the Kohathites could transport  it.  This is why the ark and things were transported with poles since it was forbidden for non-priests to touch these items.  Eleazar was appointed by God to be in charge of the furnishings of the tabernacle as the now eldest son of Aaron.

Ithamar supervises the coverings of the tabernacle, which is the responsibility of the Gershonites.

Fun Fact:  The Hebrew title of Numbers is “In the Wilderness” as it covers the time the Israelites are In the Wilderness.

Fun Fact:  “The Lord spoke to Moses” is repeated in Numbers over 150 times in 20 different ways.

BSF Study Questions The Life of Moses Lesson 17, Day 5: Leviticus 26-27

Summary of passage:  Leviticus 26:  God repeats His rewards for obedience and His promises for His people:  to keep His covenant with them, to provide for them, to give them peace in the land, to defeat their enemies, to increase their numbers, to walk with them.  God warns the people if they don’t obey He will set His face against them, bring on diseases, and be conquered.  God will punish them 7 times over and not give them good harvests.  God will be hostile towards them and lay waste to the land and their cities.  They will eat but never be satisfied.  They will be scattered amongst the nations and God will abhor them.

But if the Israelites confess their sins, God will remember His covenant with Abraham and Isaac and even if they don’t confess their sins, God won’t totally destroy them because of this covenant.

Leviticus 27:  God tells Moses the regulations for those dedicating themselves or others to Him and the values of those people.  He tells the if an animal is dedicated to Him, it becomes holy and if he wishes to substitute the animal, the substitute becomes holy as well.  The Lord gives rules for dedicating houses, land and fields to Him as well.

No one can dedicate the firstborn to Him because it is already His.  Nothing devoted to the Lord may be sold or redeemed because it is now holy to God.  A tithe belongs to the Lord and is holy to Him.

Questions:

10a)  “Do not make idols or set up an image or a sacred stone for yourselves and do not place a carved stone in your land to bow down before it”.  (Verse 1)  “Observe my Sabbaths and have reverence for my sanctuary: (Verse 2)

b)  “I will send you rain in its season, and the ground will yield its crops and the trees of the field their fruit” (Verse 4)  “Your threshing will continue until grape harvest and the grape harvest will continue until planting and you will eat all the food you want and live in safety in your land” (Verse 5)

“I will grant peace in the land, and you will lie down and no one will make you afraid.  I will remove savage beast from the land, and the sword will not pass through your country.” (Verse 6)  “Your enemies will fall by the sword before you” (Verse 8)

“I will look on you with favor and make you fruitful and increase your numbers and I will keep my covenant with you.” (Verse 9).  “You will still be eating last year’s harvest when you will have to move it out to make room for the new” (Verse 10).  “I will put my dwelling place among you, and I will not abhor you” (Verse 11)

“I will walk among you and be your God, and you will be my people” (Verse 12).

c)  “I will bring upon you sudden terror, wasting diseases and fever that will destroy your sight and drain away your life.  You will plant see in vain, because your enemies will eat it.” (Verse 16).  “I will set my face against you so that you will be defeated by your enemies; those who hate you will rule over you, and you will flee even when no one is pursuing you” (Verse 17).

“I will punish you for your sins seven times over” (Verse 18).  “I will break down your stubborn pride and make the sky above you like iron and the ground beneath you like bronze” (Verse 19).  “Your strength will be spent in vain, because your soil will not yield its crops, nor will the trees of the land yield their fruit” (Verse 20).

“I will multiply your afflictions seven times over as your sins deserve” (Verse 21 & 24 & 28)  “I will send wild animals against you, and they will rob you of your children, destroy your cattle, and make you so few in number that your roads will be deserted” (Verse 22).

“I will break the sword upon you to avenge the breaking of the covenant.  When you withdraw into your cities, I will send a plague among you , and you will be given into enemy hands” (Verse 25).  “You will eat but you will not be satisfied” (Verse 26).

“You will eat the flesh of your sons and your daughters” (Verse 29″.  “I will destroy your high places, cut down your incense altars, and pile your dead bodies on the lifeless forms of your idols, and I will abhor you” (Verse 30).  “I will turn your cities into ruins and lay waste your sanctuaries, and I will take no delight in the please aroma of your offerings” (Verse 31)

“I will lay waste the land, so that your enemies who live there will be appalled” (Verse 32).  “I will scatter you among the nations and will draw out my sword and pursue you.  Your land will be laid waste, and you cities will lie in ruins” (Verse 33).

11a)  If the Israelites will confess their sins, then God would remember His covenant with Jacob and Isaac and Abraham and He will remember the land.

b)  Personal Question.  My answer:  Well, no matter what, God will never forget His people. This is encouraging when we sin.  If we confess, we are forgiven.  If we don’t confess, God does not abandon us. I have hope every day that I can be a better person when sometimes it seems I am remaining stagnant in my growth with God.

12a)  Persons (verses 2-8).  Animals (verses 9-13).  House (verses 14-15).  Family land (Verses 16-21).  A field he has bought (verses 22-25).

b)  “Nothing that a man owns and devotes to the Lord–whether man or animal or family land–may be sold or redeemed” (Verse 28).

Conclusions:  On question 10, I stopped at Leviticus 26:35 and left out the remnant because I couldn’t take any more typing so there’s more answers to that question if you are so inclined.

I am ambivalent towards questions that require us to type up whole passages of Scripture.  In one sense it’s good because it forces you to read God’s word closer and dwell upon it more as you type it.  Some people learn better this way anyways rather than just reading it.  Yet, at the same time, it’s redundant and time-consuming.  For this question, you could literally just open the Bible and read all of Leviticus 26 to answer it in class because all of Leviticus 26 is the answer to 10 and 11.

I don’t know about you, but I quaked when I thought of God abhorring me.  Not a pretty picture.

Whooo0-hooo!  Done with Leviticus!  On to Numbers!

End Notes:  Leviticus 26: God’s desire was to show Himself through the Israelites and He was giving them the choice:  either follow my commands and I will bless you beyond measure to show my glory or disobey my commands and I will curse you beyond measure to show my judgments and power.

This chapter very closely follows ancient treaties between peoples and their kings at the time it was made/written.

Here we see God foreshadowing Gideon and Jonathan’s defeat of much larger forces when He promises  verse 8.  The Old Testament is full of examples of these blessings and warnings coming to light.  Another is the Queen of Sheba in 1 Kings 10 where she is overwhelmed by the wealth she sees and she praises God because of it.

Sadly, the disobediences also played out in the Old Testament and even the worst punishments like eating your own son or daughter came to be (2 Kings 6:26-29).

Yet the chapter ends with God’s mercy upon His people to never forsake them.  So even with all this horror there is hope.  And with Jesus, there is no more curses for he bore it all.  With Jesus God’s mercy is complete.

Leviticus 27:  These vows were separate from the priesthood; this was for those who wanted to dedicate themselves to God but was not of the tribe of Levi.  Everyone was assigned a value according to age and usefulness to society and being primarily agricultural, the young men were worth more.

A person could redeem things vowed to the Lord such as animals, houses or land.  One could not redeem those things devoted to the Lord, which included those who were set to be executed for crimes committed.

Fun Fact:  “The Lord said to Moses” occurs more than 60 times in the book of Leviticus.  It is the most words recorded that God spoke personally in the Bible.

BSF Study Questions The Life of Moses Lesson 17, Day 4: Leviticus 25:35-55

Summary of passage:  If an Israelite becomes poor, help him so he can stay with you.  Don’t take interest from him or sell food to him at a profit.  If a poor man sells himself to you, don’t treat him as a slave but as a worker until the Year of the Jubilee where he and his family are to go free.  Slaves may be bought from the surrounding lands but no slaves are to be made from the Israelites.  If an Israelite sells himself to a non-Israelite, he is to be treated as a servant, not a slave, and may be redeemed either by a relative or in the Year of the Jubilee.

Questions:

8 )  Basically, do everything you can to help them get back on their feet.  Don’t take advantage of them and treat them favorably.  Help as much as possible.

9a)  “For the Israelites belong to me (God) as servants.  They are my servants whom I brought out of Egypt.  I am the Lord your God.”  Verse 55, 38 42

b)  Personal Question.  My answer:  I’m taking issue with “even though you didn’t deserve it” part of this question because none of us deserve God’s care ever at all.  It is all grace and mercy from Him.  My answer is every day God takes care of me when I don’t deserve it.  Specific times is when I am far from him like during college.  Or my bankruptcy.  Answer:  every day.

c)  Personal Question.  My answer:  We should treat others as God treats us:  with unconditional mercy and grace and love.  With those who have less than us, the same.  Give, offer help and guidance, and be available.

Conclusions:  I can’t help but think back on Leviticus 24 and how I’d rather study that.  8 and 9c are very similar.  A good question here would be:  Knowing how God calls you to treat the poor, what are you not doing that you could be doing for others and be specific.  Why are you not doing it?  I think we all know what we should be doing; we just don’t.  Examining why would hit us where it hurts and perhaps spur us to change.

End Notes: This is similar to what Jesus said in Luke 6:34-5.  Give without expecting anything back.

If one could not pay their debts, they had to work to pay it off but they had to be treated humanely and be set free.  This did not hold true to non-Israelites who could remain slaves for life.

Why is this such an important part in God’s word?  God wanted to make sure every one of His people understood that they were foremost His and His slave and worked for Him and no other.  He is the final redeemer of His people–a fact often lost sight of in the throes of this world.

BSF Study Questions The Life of Moses Lesson 17, Day 3: Leviticus 25:8-34

Summary of passage:  Every 50th year is to be a Jubilee year for Israel where all the people return to their family property and clan and do not sow the land and freedom for all.  Do not take advantage of people when selling the land and fear your Lord.  God will provide in the sixth year all the people need for the seventh and eighth year until the crop comes in.  The land is God’s.

People are to sell their property to relatives and property will be returned to the original owners in the year of the Jubilee.  Houses sold are not to be returned in the year of the Jubilee except for the Levites who can redeem their houses in Levitical towns.  They are not to sell their pastureland.

Questions:

5a)  All the slaves are to be freed.  All the land is to return to the original owners.  The land is to remain fallow.

b)  The idea that servants are to gain freedom.

6a)  To ensure that the land remains in the hands of all the people and not just a wealthy few who bought up others’ land.

b)  The people are to follow God’s decrees and obey His laws and then they will live safely in the land, which will bear fruit.  God will bless the Israelites in the 6th year to provide for the fallow year of the 7th and into the 8th as they await the harvest.

c)  Personal Question.  My answer:  No.  The sheer magnitude of managing the number of people in the world today and the number of individual properties would render the task impossible.  Plus, at least in the US, people hold the idea that they own land very close.  They would not be willing to agree to give up land to original owners and descendants.  It goes against all of the ideals the US holds dear:  hard work and you will succeed in anything in this life.

7a)  The nearest relative is to come and buy the land from the poor man in effect giving him a loan until the man could buy it back.  An example would be Boaz who bought Naomi’s husband’s land and married Ruth so the land would stay in the name of the dead (Ruth 4).

b)  Jesus redeems us from sin and purchases our freedom from the guilt of sin so that we can “receive the full rights of sons”, which is eternal life with God.  Ultimately, God reclaims the land which is His as He reclaims us.

Conclusions:  The neatest part of this for me is how Ruth popped in my brain immediately.  Normally, I’d have to google that.  That shows me just how much I am learning through BSF.  And I immediately saw Jesus.  Again, we see God providing for His people.

End Notes: Since Jesus quoted Isaiah 61, scholars say Jesus may have come in the year of a Jubilee although at the time the practice of land redemption had fallen out of favor especially since the Romans were in control of the land.

Basically, the whole point of the land in the year of the Jubilee was that it returned to the original owners so they would always have God’s Promised Land.  Land in effect could never be sold, only leased.  The intent was to ensure against people becoming poor.  However, the extent to which this was observed is difficult to say.  Some scholars say this was never observed.  God wanted His people to remember their home was in heaven, not in the land.

This land rule only applied in the country where the people needed the land to earn a living.  In a walled city, land could be bought and sold as it was seen as just a home and nothing more.

Fun Fact:  “Proclaim liberty throughout all the land unto all the inhabitants thereof” is inscribed on the Liberty Bell in Independence Hall in Philadelphia, which is where both the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution were drafted and signed.

BSF Study Questions The Life of Moses Lesson 17, Day 2: Leviticus 25:1-7

Introductory Note:  I am not sure why we are skipping Leviticus 24 except that it’s the passage that says “an eye for eye, a tooth for tooth”, which if there’s any passage in Scripture more misunderstood, it’s this one; so why BSF if shying away from it, I don’t know.  If you have a chance, read it.  It’s very short and since it is often quoted, it’s good to know.

Summary of passage:  The Lord decrees to Moses that once they enter the Promised Land, the land is to be sown for 6 years and then have a year of rest and all that is yielded in that year of rest belongs to the people.

Questions:

3a)  When they enter the Promised Land

b)  For 6 years, the Israelites are to sow their fields but he seventh year is to be a year of rest where no crops are sown or harvested and whatever the land yields during the seventh year will be food for the people and their animals.

c)  Personal Question.  My answer:  Not sure.  I think they would have been scared because they would have to be totally dependent on God to provide food for that year.  The people however would have been free to rest and perhaps do other things for God’s glory in all that spare time they would have.

4a)  Personal Question.  My answer:  The 7th year was also a year for canceling debts, freeing slaves, and giving generously to the poor.  I think the year was to strengthen the faith of God’s people and free up time to think more about others instead of concentrating on survival.

b)  They had to be totally dependent on God to provide all their food during the six years and then some to last for the seventh year.

c)  Personal Question.  My answer:  Depending on God for a whole year I think is a lot different than one day a week so in my opinion this question is a bit of a stretch.  For me, my answer is not sure.  Increasing our faith in God’s provision for us should not be relegated to one day a week but should be constantly every day of the year.  Sundays are just like every other day for me:  being with God, reading His word, praying, living His example, and spreading His light.  If I do this, then my faith in His provision can’t help but grow.

Conclusions:  This passage could have been covered with just one question, three parts, instead of two questions, six parts.  I think we all got the point:  rely on God for your provision.  Period.

End Notes:  Deuteronomy 31:9-13 speaks of in this year how the people will assemble to listen and learn God’s laws.  Hence, this year was to allow time for the Israelites to study and learn God’s laws even deeper and for the children to know God’s laws.

This also demonstrated how the land belonged to God, not the people, and how God dictated its use.  It was a testimony of dependence on God.  The people didn’t just say they depended on God; they showed they did.

It’s also what many farmers do today to allow the nutrients to return to the soil or they do this with crop rotation as well.

Leviticus 26:3 again tells the people to obey God’s laws.  Yet we learn in 2 Chronicles 36:20-21 that the Israelites did not allow the land to lay fallow and thus God forced them to allow the land to lay fallow when they were carried off into captivity by the Babylonians.

The Israelites have found ways around this law.  They have rented out their land and allowed Gentiles to farm it for that year and they took a share as payment, thus circumnavigating the law.  However, I don’t think God sees it this way.

BSF Study Questions The Life of Moses Lesson 16, Day 5: Leviticus 16:29-34 & 23:26-32

Summary of passages:  Leviticus 16:29-34:  The Day of Atonement is to be a lasting ordinance made once a year for all the sins of the Israelites.  The people are not to do any work and are to fast and the high priest is to make atonement for you.

Leviticus 23:26-32:  The Day of Atonement is to be a fasting and an offering made of fire.  No work is to be performed and if you do, you will be cut off from your people and destroyed.  This is to be a lasting ordinance.

Questions:

11a)  Once a year forever

b)  It was to be on the tenth day of the seventh month.  All were to gather together and fast and do no work and offer sacrifices to God.

12a)  Jesus made one sacrifice–himself and his blood–to take away the sins of the people completely.  The Day of Atonement had to be done once a year and only covered the people’s sins–never truly eliminated it–because the blood of goats and lambs and bulls would never be sufficient.  Only the blood of Our Savior cleanses us forever and makes us holy to be with God–justified–and gives us the Holy Spirit.

The blood of animals was a holding pattern per se, a temporary solution or a “shadow” as Hebrews calls it until Jesus was sent.  It was what would do for now until the goal (Jesus) arrived.

b)  Personal Question.  My answer:  By living God’s way and not mine or the devil’s.  By doing His work here on earth.  By sharing the gospel with others.  By preparing my heart and the hearts of those around me for Jesus’s second coming and being prepared for life everlasting.  Constantly pray and thank Him for sending His son, for choosing me, for forgiving me.  Having a heart of gratitude continually and trusting Him with everything.

c)  Personal Question.  My answer:  Oh, Lord, thank you for sending your Son to die for my sins once and for all.  To cleanse me, to forgive me, to justify me, to reconcile me to you.  Thank you, Jesus, for bearing a burden that was not yours to bear, for loving me enough to bear it, and for doing so without any regrets.  Words will never be enough so I pray my heart is.

Conclusions:  Ever wonder why God even did the Old Covenant.  Why not just send Jesus?  Why not just institute the New Covenant straight away?  Why make His people go through all of this elaborate rituals that never really did the job in the first place?  My instinct is to say because God was testing man–testing his will, his desire, his strength, his dedication, his faith.  Growing man to be ready to receive Christ.  Making sure man’s heart was right for Jesus and not just going through the motions for a temporary fad or new religion.

One scholar says if God had created Christianity first, man would not have known he needed a Savior.  He would have thought he’d be alright himself as long as he performed the sacrifices and be saved.  That didn’t work, now did it?

God instituted the Old so we could understand the New such as the need for sacrificial blood.  Basically, man was not yet ready for Jesus; he slowly had to be led to him.  Great article HERE on this topic.

I liked this lesson.  The Hebrews passages (and I’d read all of Hebrews from 7-10 to get the full argument) paired with the Day of Atonement passages really is what hit home with me in terms of how much Jesus did for us with one sacrifice and how grateful we should be to him for his mercy and grace.  I’ve never read the Day of Atonement along with the Hebrews passages before and this was brilliant to me.  All around good stuff!

End Notes:  Most of Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy are about the tabernacle and the sacrifices and offerings for sin.  It’s the largest single subject in the Bible.  Yet, Jesus eliminates all of that with the cross.  Powerful!

The Day of Atonement or Yom Kippur is still celebrated today by Jews and included a period of rest and fasting.  It falls on the tenth day of the seventh month of the Jewish calendar.  It is the holiest day of the year for the Jewish people.  Usually no sacrifices are made as the Jews believe either good works, charity, or sufferings are a suitable sacrifice.

Interesting Fact:  The Old Covenant was only ever binding on the Jews, which they say ended at the fall of the temple in 70 AD and not at Jesus’ death.  Gentiles did not have to become Jews first and then Christians–they were merely Christians first and always.  This is why in Acts we see some of the apostles still practicing the Old Covenant rules and regulations and debating them.  Thus, scholars say the Old Covenant was binding upon the Israelites until 70 AD.  After that, the New Covenant was instituted for all.  This is cool to me because as a Gentile I never really considered how and when the Old Covenant faded since it never affected me.  Neat stuff!

BSF Study Questions The Life of Moses Lesson 16, Day 4: Leviticus 16:20-28

Summary of passage:  After atoning for the Most Holy Place, the Tent of Meeting, and the altar, Aaron shall bring in the goat and lay all of the sins of the people on its head and send it out into the desert.  Then Aaron is to take off his clean garments and leave them in the Most Holy Place, bathe himself, and put back on his regular garments.  Then he will sacrifice up the burnt offering for himself and the people and the sin offering.  The man who led the goat into the desert must wash his clothes and bathe before returning.  The bull and the goat are to be burnt up and the man who burns them is to bathe and wash his clothes as well.

Questions:

9a)  Aaron lays both hands on the head of the live goat and confesses over it all the wickedness and rebellion of the Israelites–all their sins–to put them on the goat.  Then he sends the goat out into the desert.

b)  Jesus took upon himself all of our sins and carried them away as well except he made it permanent with his blood.  Hebrews tells us that just as Jesus was sacrificed outside the city walls, the goat was sent away to make the people holy.

10a)  Then Aaron is to go the Tent of Meeting and take off the linen garments he put on before he entered the Most Holy Place and leave the clothes there.  Then he was to bathe himself and put on his old garments.  Then he was to sacrifice the burnt offering and the sin offering.

b)  The burnt offering made atonement for himself and the people and the fat of the sin offering.  This was in accordance with the normal sin offering which was offered on regular days as well–nothing special here (Leviticus 4:8-12 , 8:14-17).

Conclusions:  Lots of copying out the passage here.  Not sure why the huge focus here except to say how Jesus was the goats here and emphasize the comparison.  Basically, how the High Priest of the Old Testament compares to the High Priest of the New Testament–Jesus Christ.

End Notes:  Note how the goat was still alive, bearing the people’s sins so the people’s sins were never really buried or eliminated.

Christ is also the High Priest.  Two goats represent Jesus as well–one that dies for our sins and the second goat which remains alive that takes away our sins so that we can live.

Some scholars say the High Priest entering into the Most Holy Place represents us entering into heaven that Christ paved for us to do.  The High Priest comes out again as does Jesus who forever lives.