BSF Study Questions Revelation Lesson 11, Day 3: Joel 2:12-27

Summary of passage:  God pleads with His people to repent with their hearts and with fasting, weeping, and mourning.  He is compassionate and will relent.  Everyone gather and fast and offer offerings to God.  God will take pity on His people and bless them with crops and wine and oil and abundance.  He will drive out the northern army and repay them for the locust plague.  The people will have plenty and praise Him.


6a)  Because we have sinned against Him which cannot go unpunished by a righteous God and He is omnipotent.  Judgment reveals truth; otherwise, how would we recognize good from bad?  Basically, God sets the rules and we abide by them or face the consequences He chooses.

b)  Personal Question.  My answer:  If you believe in Jesus Christ as the Savior, you are saved.  If you ask for forgiveness, you are forgiven.  If you repent, God washes you.  If God is first, you are His.

7a)  Repent with their hearts and with fasting, weeping, and mourning.  Offer up offerings to Him.  Gather the people and call a sacred assembly and consecrate them.  Let the priests weep and beg for the Lord to spare His people.

b)  “Gracious, compassionate, slow to anger, abounding in love.”

8 )  The Lord will take pity on His people and send them abundance:  grain, wine, oil, fruit, vineyard, green pastures, and plenty to eat.  He will drive out the northern army.  He will repay them for the locust years.

9)  Personal Question.  My answer:  His punishments are for our good so we’ll turn to Him.  It’s not meant in an evil way or just to see us suffer.  It’s so we’ll remember who’s in charge.  Judgment keeps us abiding in Him and constantly striving to be worthy of Him.  It keeps us walking towards Him all of our lives–one step at a time.

Conclusions:  Number 6 has nothing to do with this passage and the answer is not in this passage. Otherwise, great passage where we see all of God–God the judge and God the compassionate, full of mercy and grace and forgiveness.  We need to understand both to understand God.

End Notes:  In the Old Testament, both men and women tore their clothes as a sign of sorrow and mourning (some in the Middle East still do).  Jacob, Moses, Joshua, Elijah, David, and Job all did.  Here, Joel was emphasizing change on the inside not on the outside.

We repent because of God’s kindness (Romans 2:4).  Joel emphasizes this by listing all the blessings God will give if the people repent.

Joel repeats himself in Joel 1:14 but adds how everyone must stop what they are doing and repent now.  He uses the bride and bridegroom as an example because it’s one of the most important events in people’s lives.  God comes first.

The leaders of the church (priests) must lead the people in begging for forgiveness.  Joel gives them a great prayer example in verse 17:  Ask God, remind Him you are His, and say how His forgiveness will bring Him glory to unbelievers (other nations).

Verse 21:  Rejoice ahead of time.  Know God will answer your prayers and thank Him for it.

Ancient Israel did not have irrigation systems.  They were totally reliant upon rainfall for their crops to prosper. God will restore all.

God can give you back even the years you wasted in sin just like with the locust years.  The wasted blessings and fruits may still be yours if you turn to Him.

BSF Study Questions Revelation Lesson 11, Day 2: Joel 1:1-2:11

Summary of passage:  Joel 1:  Joel describes an invasion of locusts and the devastation it wrecks on God’s people.  It was sent by God to turn them towards Him.  It destroyed their crops, vines, trees, fields, grain, wheat, and barley.  Joel calls for repentance and mourning and fasting before the Lord.  Turn to God since everything else is gone and there’s no where else to turn.  Call upon Him as the wild animals do.

Joel 2:  Joel says the Day of the Lord is coming and is close at hand.  On a dark day a large and mighty army led by God comes, laying waste to the land with fire and turning nations pale with fear.  The army charges, never deviating.


3)  It is “a day of darkness and gloom, a day of clouds and blackness.  Like dawn spreading across the mountains a large and mighty army (led by God–verse 11) comes…before them fire devours, behind them a flame blazes…nothing escapes them….at the sight of them, nations are in anguish; every face turns pale…before them the earth shakes, the sky trembles, the sun and moon are darkened, and the stars no longer shine.”  (All of Joel 2:2-11).

4)  Sin and a turning away from God.  Joel says for all to mourn and call out to God.  He also says the grain and drink offerings are withheld from the house of God because of this plague.  He calls for a fast and a summoning of the elders–all signs a sin has been committed.

5)  Personal Question.  My answer:  Bankruptcy.  Depended on Him to bring us through.  He has.

Conclusions:  BSF tells us that we are studying Joel because he is speaking of the Day of the Lord. Joel is speaking of a current invasion of locusts in Chapter 1.  In Chapter 2 he turns to a general day of the Lord.

End Notes:

Joel offers a three-part message which we will study in three days:

  1.  A day of judgment (Today)
  2. A call to repentance (Lesson 11 Day 3)
  3. A future of hope (Lesson 11 Day 4)

What is the Day of the Lord?  The Day of the Lord is first mentioned in the Bible in Isaiah 2 and appears in other apocalyptic writings of the time.  The term appears again in Amos 5, here in Joel, and in Daniel 12:12.  The phrase “the day of the Lord” is used nineteen times in the Old Testament (Isaiah 2:12; 13:6, 9; Ezekiel 13:5, 30:3; Joel 1:15, 2:1,11,31; 3:14; Amos 5:18,20; Obadiah 15; Zephaniah 1:7,14; Zechariah 14:1; Malachi. 4:5) and five times in the New Testament (Acts 2:20; 1 Thessalonians 5:2; 2 Thessalonians 2:2; 2 Peter 3:10). It is also alluded to in other passages (Revelation 6:17; 16:14).

In Old Testament usage, scholars think it was a common term God’s people would know and in the Old Testament the Day of the Lord is the day God would judge His people for previous sins against Him (like a locust plague here in Joel).  In Joel 2:32, we see, however, that all who do turn to God will be saved.  It has a near and a far away fulfillment.

In general, the Day of the Lord is any intervention of God in history for the purpose of judgment.  In eschatology (Joel 2:10-11), the Day of the Lord is the ultimate punishment of evil.

In the New Testament, Acts quotes Joel 2:28-32 in chapter 2.  The phrase appears again in 1 Thessalonians 5:2, 2 Corinthians 1:14, Revelation 6, Matthew 26, and 2 Peter 3.  These NT passages tie the Day of the Lord to the Second Coming of Christ to judge the world and fulfill God’s purpose for mankind here on earth.  It is almost exclusively used as a future fulfillment.  Scholars debate if it’s an actual “day” or if it’s a time period.

The main idea is the “Day of the Lord” refers to a time when God will personally intervene in history to fulfill His plans for the world.

Background on Joel:  Joel was one of the earliest prophets.  Joel means “Jehovah is Lord”.  Scholars date this book to around 835 BC, a time in Israel’s history where there was great turmoil amongst the kings.  This was the time when Judah and Israel were split.  However, the date is debated and has been anywhere from the ninth to the third century BC.

Queen Athaliah seized power at the sudden death in battle of her son Ahaziah, who only reigned one year (2 Kings 8:26, 2 Kings 11:1).  Athaliah killed all her son’s heirs, except for one who was hidden in the temple and escaped – one-year-old Josiah (2 Kings 11:3).  Her six-year reign of terror ended in 835 B.C. when the High Priest Jehoiada overthrew Athaliah and set the seven-year-old Josiah on the throne (2 Kings 11:4-21).

It goes without saying that Athaliah’s reign was wicked for anyone who would kill her grandkids has problems.  Therefore, scholars best guess is that this plague of locusts came at the end of Athaliah’s reign in judgment for her wickedness.  Scholars do believe this was an actual plague despite the fact this is the only place this event is recorded in historical writings.

Little is known about the man himself.  No one knows for sure when he delivered these messages and no one even knows if he lived in Judah or Israel.

Joel 1:  We know Chapter 1 is describing Judah’s present situation due to the verbs used:  has left, have eaten.  This just happened!  And it’s so devastating he wants the people to tell their children about it for generation after generation so it is remembered.

Joel says to mourn and turn to God by fasting, calling a sacred assembly, summoning the elders to God’s house, and crying out to Him.  God tells us (the people) exactly what to do to come back to Him.  How amazing!

Remember God’s “day” is not our “day”.  Hence, scholars debate on how long this “day” will be.

Remember “Day of Lord” is judgment.  Here, it is immediate.  Ultimately, it’s Jesus’s Second Coming.

Only God can fix the people’s problems.  Everything is gone.  All that is left is God.

Disasters are wake-up calls from God to turn to Him and repent.  Nothing is accidental in God’s world.  Are you ready for just such a disaster in your life and will you call out to Him when it happens?

Joel 2:  Here Joel talks about future judgment known as the day of the Lord.  It’s dark and gloomy and black to those who are defying God as the Israelites are here.  Joel predicts an army will come but scholars believe this never happened because right after Joel’s prophecy here a Godly king named Joash (2 Kings 11:4-21) came to the throne and thus adverted judgment.

God’s army is disciplined, effective, and strong.  So should we be as His soldiers.

Joel minces no words here and the people heard.

BSF Study Questions Revelation Lesson 10, Day 5: Revelation 5:11-14

Summary of passage:  Angels encircled the throne and the living creatures and angels and sang.  Then every creature in heaven and earth and in the sea sang and the elders fell down and worshipped.


11a)  Part personal question.  My answer:  Power, wealth, wisdom, strength, honor, glory, and praise.  He is worthy because he died for our sins and thereby justified us for God.  It means everything to me.

b)  Personal Question.  My answer:  Worship includes unrestrained singing and praising and shows me I need to be more vocal in my worship as well.

12a)  Angels and every creature in heaven and earth and in the sea.  Because Jesus is the Savior who paid the penalty for man’s sins.  He is the Creator as the Triune God.  All should praise him for they would not exist without Him.

b)  Genesis says God created man in his own image and gave him the power to rule over all creatures on land and in the sea.  Psalms reminds us that God created everything and knows everything and all belongs to Him.  In essence, as the Creator of the Universe, all is His and He rules over all and He can snuff us out if He so desired.

Who But God Could Create Such Marvels?

Who But God Could Create Such Marvels?

13a)  He heard every creature in heaven and on earth and in the sea singing praises to Jesus and God, honoring and glorifying them forever.

b)  Personal Question.  My answer:  Christians worship Him, honor Him, and give Him the glory.  Animals exist–do what God gave them the ability to do.  Man cares for the animals as God has ordered him too.  As God is in control of non-Christians as well, they respond to His will unknowingly and therefore we see more of God’s creations cared for and this in turn inadvertently praises and honors God.

Conclusions:  Too many personal questions that were repetitive.  11a is the same as 6b in this Lesson and essentially 8c.  We looked at worship in Lesson 9 Day 5 similarly to 11b.

End Notes:  In Revelation 5:9-10, only the elders are singing the song of the redeemed because as far as we know angels are not redeemed.  Here, it is the angels turn to praise Jesus because of his ability to redeem (1 Peter 1:12 and Ephesians 3:10).

The number of angels is infinite.

The ancient Greek word for worship entails complete submission.  Being in a time of kings, people were accustomed to bowing down before the one who rules over them.  Here, the elders fall down and completely submit to their ruler, the One, True God.

Fun Fact:  Revelation 5:9, 12 appears in Handel’s Messiah Part 3.

Conclusions to Lesson 10:  In chapter 5, we see God and Jesus in heaven on the throne being worshipped and praised for all they have done and created.  We see Jesus as the Lamb given the power and authority over the rest of history.  Emphasis on worthiness and worship and the main reason we do worship God and Jesus–because they did create the universe.  Without life, we can’t do anything.  Everything we are is His.

Here we will take another break from Revelation and go to Joel and 2 Peter before we return to Revelation Chapter 6 where Jesus will open the seals of the scroll, which will usher in the Day of the Lord.  These are still events which will be in the future.  Joel and Peter prophesized this event and thus we will study what they said before we study what John says.  The number 7 will dominate the rest of the book of Revelation and our study.

Great outline HERE

BSF Study Questions Revelation Lesson 10, Day 4: Revelation 5:6-10

Summary of passage: A Lamb (Jesus) who had been slain stands near the throne surrounded by the living creatures and elders. He had 7 horns and eyes for the 7 Spirits of God. Jesus takes the scroll from God and the elders and creatures fall down in worship and prayers and song. Jesus made people into a kingdom and priests to serve God and reign on earth.


8a)  They fell down before the Lamb and sang a new song of praise.

b)  The answer is in the three verbs:  because Jesus was slain, he purchased us for Him, and he made us into a kingdom and priesthood to serve God.

The main reason is because of Jesus’s work on the cross.  He is the only one who was fully God and fully man and able to sacrifice himself for us.  He is also the high priest and God’s Son, giving him the rank needed as well to open the scroll.  He is perfect with no sin allowing him to open the scroll.  His sovereignty over judgment gives him the power to open the scroll and reveal the future of the world to all.

“Purchased” means to cause the release of someone by paying the price.

c)  Personal Question.  My answer:  It means everything to me (seems to be my ‘go to’ answer with these kinds of open-ended personal questions) and demonstrates the awe and gratitude I should have for Jesus’s work on the cross for me.

9)  Personal Question.  My answer:  Every assurance.  These passages are just some that say we are God’s, given the Holy Spirit, and sanctified through the blood of Jesus.  It’s all about faith.  If you have faith in Jesus as the Savior, you are assured of eternal life and Salvation.

10)  Part-personal question.  My answer:  Believers in Jesus as Savior are a kingdom of priests.  It means we are set apart, held to a higher standard, and chosen to live differently.  It means we live out God’s words and ways in the hopes of shining light to others and bringing them into a relationship with Jesus.  It means I have nothing to fear for I will be with God forever.  Again, it means everything.

Conclusions:  Seems to be the application day to Day 3’s passage with the emphasis on personal questions here.  9 and 10 are similar but the difference is important.  We must not live in fear of the unknown or the future of what-have-you.  We have to have faith God loves us as much as He says He does.  We have to believe it.  Then, once we believe it, we can step into the kingdom He has for us and serve Him through serving His people and fulfilling His purpose for our lives.  Doing these two things (faith and Godly-living) will prepare our hearts for eternity.

End Notes:  Same as YESTERDAY’S.

BSF Study Questions Revelation Lesson 10, Day 3: Revelation 5:6-10

Summary of passage:  A Lamb (Jesus) who had been slain stands near the throne surrounded by the living creatures and elders.  He had 7 horns and 7 eyes for the 7 Spirits of God.  Jesus takes the scroll from God and the elders and creatures fall down in worship and prayers and song.  Jesus made people into a kingdom and priests to serve God and reign on earth.


6a)  Jesus

b)  Part personal Question.  My answer:  Jesus was slain to pay the penalty for our sins so we can be justified before God and have eternal life.  It means everything to me.

7a)  Jesus is standing in the midst of the throne, central, for all to see.  He is not literally standing on the throne.  He is next to it and all are encircling him.  God was giving Jesus all power and all authority.

b)  Completeness or perfection.  Seven eyes represent omniscience and seven horns represent omnipotence.  Throughout the Bible eyes represent knowledge and wisdom and horns represent power.   So having 7 of them means Jesus here has perfect knowledge and complete power.  Seven spirits is fully God and fully Jesus as the Holy Spirit.  All in one as the Triune God.  7 Spirits of God (Rev 1:4).

7 Spirits as fully God could also refer to all the characteristics of God (Isaiah 11; 2 Peter 1:5-7).

Conclusions:  You may have noticed my go-to answer is “everything” (Lesson 5 Day 4).  I have given up trying to put into words what Jesus’s sacrifice on the cross means to me.  The depth, the impact, the consequences are indescribable.  The grace, the mercy, the sanctification, eternal life.  The English language (and all languages) cannot encompass this meaning.

Great lesson to a great passage.  Every word here has meaning.  How amazing this vision would have been!  Anyone else want to be a modern-day John?

End Notes:  “I saw”.  We see these words repeated over and over again by John.  It’s a reminder to us that he is reporting exactly what was revealed to him without embellishing any facts or details.

The word John used in Greek for lamb means “little lamb”.  This is the first of 29 times this word is used in Revelation, but it is only used 1 elsewhere in the New Testament (John 21:15).  The Lamb is living but has sacrificial marks on him.  Except for Revelation 13:11, all refer to Jesus as the Lamb.  Lamb seems to be a preference John had to refer to Jesus.

The Lamb is seen in Scripture as “standing” (Acts 7:56, 5:31) as here or “sitting” (Mark 16:19).

In verse 5, the elder announces a Lion and a Lamb shows up?  John was surprised.  Most people think of Lions as ferocious and kings but a Lamb in humble, gentle, and full of trust and love–exactly the qualities God wants to exhibit.

The language has Jesus as just being slain.  Before God, Jesus has always just been slain, his sacrifice for you and me fresh and new, a continual sacrifice for each new generation. In the Greek, there is no doubt. The Lamb was slain.  For Jews, the lamb was a sacrificial animal.  They would have immediately grasped the impact these analogies contain.

The horn is an ancient Jewish symbol for power and strength so 7 horns is complete or absolute strength.  The fourth beast we read in Daniel (Daniel 7:7, 20) had 10 horns.

Seven eyes of the Lord:  Zechariah 4:10 and 3:9.  See everything completely indicates absolute sovereignty.

Right hand was the dominate hand in Scripture and represents power.  Here, God is giving Jesus His power.

This is the only time we see the court fall down before Jesus.

The harp is really a zithern or kind of guitar.  This passage gave rise to the idea of angels in heaven with harps as seen in world-famous paintings.  Worship is accompanied by music like when we worship in church.

The golden bowls of incense are prayers of the saints the elders are merely holding NOT prayers for the saints or by the saints or to the saints.  We get the picture of the worth God has for the prayers of the saints.  We’ll revisit these prayers in Revelation 8:3.

“Saints” in Greek means “holy ones.”  Used 13 times in Revelation (Rev 5:8, 8:3, 4; 11:18; 13:7, 10; 14:12; 16:6; 17:6; 18:20, 24; 19:8; 20:9), this is John’s term of choice to designate those who belong to Jesus Christ throughout the ages.

New song meaning good or pleasing.  Song about man’s redemption.

We are kings and priests thanks be to our belief in Jesus.  He sanctified us and elevated us.

Chapter 6 of Revelation begins judgment by the Lamb.

Fun Historical Fact:  Roman emperors were proclaimed in Latin vere dignus, meaning “You are worthy.”  Only God is worthy.

BSF Study Questions Revelation Lesson 10, Day 2: Revelation 5:1-5

Summary of passage:  In Revelation 4, we see God is sitting on the throne.  Here, we’re told He is holding a sealed scroll.  An angel asks, “Who is worthy to break the seal?”  No one in heaven or on earth can so John weeps.  Then an elder cries out,”The Lion can”, meaning Jesus.


3a)  “A scroll with writing on both sides and sealed with seven seals.”

b)  He wept because “no one was found who was worthy to open the scroll or look inside.”  The scroll will introduce the next phase of history and if it can’t be opened, then history will not take place.  Further, some scholars suggest he cried because the promise in Rev 4:1 would not be fulfilled to him.  I tend toward the former, being much more significant (history not moving forward) than the latter.

4)  Part personal question.  My answer:  Jesus is the Son of Man as he’s the predicted messiah from the tribe of Judah and from David’s line.  Jacob calls Judah a lion’s cub in his prediction of the future in Genesis 49 and that the ruler will come from his line.  God tells Nathan in 2 Samuel 7 that He will raise up an offspring from David who will establish the throne of God’s kingdom forever.  In Isaiah we see Jesus called the “Root of Jesse”.

Both these prophecies have to be fulfilled for Jesus to be the Messiah, which Jesus meets.

I learn how God has told the people repeatedly of His plans for the future and how God has and will fulfill His words.

[The Messianic title Lion of the tribe of Judah see also Isaiah 31:4 and Hosea 11:10. The title Root of David comes from Isaiah 11:10 and Romans 15:12 and is repeated in Revelation 22:16.]

5)  Part personal question.  My answer:  In this passage, Jesus triumphed by being able to open the scroll and usher in the new history.  In the long run, Jesus triumphed over death and sin by dying on the cross for us, thus justifying us before God and allowing us to live eternally with the Father.  He will also triumph at the Second Coming when he ushers in the New World where Christians shall reign eternally with Jesus here on earth.

It’s significant to me because I know where my future lies.  I know I am forgiven.  I know I am His.

Conclusions:  I like the emphasis in Revelation on our future and Jesus’s victory.  We are being bombarded with hope–something we all need.  Something we all need to hear repeatedly especially when it seems everywhere we turn is evil and destruction.  God wins.  And because God wins, we win.  There is no greater message than this.

End Notes:  “And I saw”.  This is the first of 39 times this phrase is used by John.  It’s a reminder to us that he is reporting exactly what was revealed to him without embellishing any facts or details.

In Revelation 4, we focused on the throne.  Here, we will be focusing on the scroll.

It is significant that writing was on BOTH sides of the scroll.  In ancient times, only one side of the scroll was usually written on.  The rolls were on both sides and the scroll was read horizontally with the left hand holding the scroll and right hand unfurling it.  As it was read, the part having been read would be re-furled up in the left hand.  Using the average amount of writing that would fit on a scroll at this time, the Book of Revelation would fit on a 15 foot long scroll.  This scroll was unusual indeed.

After being written, a scroll would be wrapped with string and then have wax seals put on the string.  Important documents were written on papyrus scrolls and sent this way.  Only the proper people in the presence of witnesses could open the scroll and read it (at this time there were only few people who could read anyways).  Here, there are 7 seals, all of which must be opened before it could be read.

Scholars have debated for centuries what is written on this scroll.  Lots of ideas have been proposed but the best that fits is the history of the universe, God’s will.  In Roman times, wills were sealed seven times.  The idea:  God holds in His hands everything.

Furthermore, connecting with the Old Testament (see Lev.25:25,47-49; Ruth 4:3-14), Jesus is man’s kinsman-redeemer, man having forfeited the right to rule earth in the Garden of Eden.  Jesus has paid our debt through his blood (Rev 5:6), driving Satan out, and thus re-instating God’s plan for mankind.  Hence, this scroll is God’s plan coming to fruition, being opened only by the Redeemer.

Was Israel the focus here?  God has not forsaken His people (Ps.94:14; Rom.11:1-2) nor will He neglect His future plans and purposes for them (Rom.11:25-27).  After the Tribulation, all of Israel will be saved, giving time for the Gentiles to come to Jesus.  Paul makes clear in Romans 15 when he quotes Isaiah 11:10 that the Gentiles are included in God’s promises.  Hence, John weeps for all Jews and Gentiles alike.

The emphasis here is who can open it not what it contains.  And that is Jesus alone can open it.

This is the first of three “mighty angels” in Revelation (others are in 10:1 and 18:21).  Scholars have speculated as to the identity of the angel.  Again, no one knows.  Their function is a duty from God; their identity is not important.

The angel issues a challenge no created creature can answer.

A lion is strong and the king of the animal world.  A fitting image of Jesus.

The NIV translation has the verb in verse 5 as “triumphed.”  Some have “overcome”.  In actuality, in Greek a better translation is “to conquer completely.”

BSF Study Questions Revelation Lesson 9, Day 5: Revelation 4:9-11

Summary of passage: John sees four living creatures honoring and thanking God and when they do, the 24 elders fall down as well and worship him forever and ever, saying God is worthy of worship as the Creator of all things.


10)  They are falling down before God, laying their crowns at God’s feet, and worshiping Him, giving Him all the glory, because He is the Creator of all things and it is by His will they even exist.  It’s important to note the elders are following the creatures lead.

11)  Part personal question.  My answer:  Worship.  We were created to worship and that’s what we will do non-stop in heaven.  It’s what we should do here.  Everything we do should be worshipful in some way to God.  I will try to be more cognizant of this and ask myself if what I’m doing is worshipful or not.  If not, then I will not do it.

12)  Personal Question.  My answer:  Needs to be more about Him and not me or others around me.  At church it’s easy to look around and see what others are doing.  I need to focus more on God.  Focus more at home on God.  Analyze if what I am doing is worshipful or not.  Strive to put more worship in my daily life.

Conclusions:  Great application to the passage here.  Worship is central to God, who He is, and why we were created.  It can get lost in all of our busy-ness.  God’s will needs to be done on earth.  We each were given a job by God to accomplish here on earth and that needs to be central to our lives.  Discovering it and fulfilling it.  Along the way, we need to acknowledge it’s Him and praise Him for that.  That is our purpose.  Period.

End Notes: Four living creatures full of eyes are cherubim (Ezekiel 1:4-14; 10:20-22). The eyes show their intelligence all their job is to worship the Lord. Satan used to be one of these (Ezekiel 28:14).

The 24 elders are either human or angels. Either way they represent man (12 tribes and 12 apostles–all of Israel and all of the Church) or divisions of the priests (1 Chronicles 24). Most scholars think they are human in glory (the white). Believers will be crowned (1 Corinthians 9:25; 2 Timothy 4:8; 1 Peter 5:4). Saints have white robes (Revelation 6:11, 7:9, 13-14). Thus, man is joint heirs with Christ, sitting on lesser thrones in heaven (Romans 8:17, 2 Timothy 2:12).

We see the Lord WORTHY. The 24 elders all wearing crowns symbolizing their authority lay down their crowns, giving God all authority under heaven.

Can you see it? The living creatures are crying out God’s holiness and in response the 24 elders fall down before God and proclaim His infinite glory and worthiness and power. This scene never stops repeating itself.

In days of old, lesser personages would lay down their crowns at the feet of rulers as a sign of submission. In Roman times, the emperor would then give the crowns back to these lesser rulers most likely ones the Romans had conquered as a symbol that their authority comes from Rome. Same symbolism here.

The crowns are the crowns of victory and rewards for deeds (Greek stephanos) like those given at Olympic games, not royalty. The elders are giving their achievements over to God.

Smyrna was promised a crown of life for faithfulness (Revelation 2:10) and Philadelphia was told to hold onto their crown so no one will take it from them (Revelation 3:11).

Spurgeon points out the 24 elders acted as one and says how we all should be unified in our desire for God.

God is worthy because He is the creator of all things and He allows us to exist. King James Version says “for thy pleasure they are and were created.” We were created to please God and for nothing else. We don’t fulfill our purpose here on Earth until we do.

The elders represent us. God is waiting for us. We each have a crown in heaven and a throne in heaven and a song in heaven and a part in giving God all the glory He deserves.