BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 23, Day 4: Matthew 22:41-23:12

Summary of passage:  Jesus, in an effort to silence his critics, asked them a question they could not answer, by pointing out that David called the Son of David “Lord.”  No one could answer so they quit asking questions.

Jesus says the teachers of the law and the Pharisees sit in Moses’ seat so you must obey them but do not do as they do for they are hypocrites.  Everything they do is for man.  You are to remember you have only one Master, one Father, one Teacher.  Whoever humbles himself will be exalted and  whoever exalts himself will be humbled.

Questions:

8a)  “What do you think about the Christ?  Whose son is he?”

b)  Jesus answered with a profound question:  “How is it then that David, speaking by the Spirit, calls him ‘Lord’?  If David calls him ‘Lord’, how can he be his son?”  Jesus is pointing out as the Messiah that he is not only the son of David but the Lord of David, which thus makes him the Son of God if he is Lord over David.

c)  Personal Question.  My answer:  That Jesus is my Lord.

9a)  Obey the teachers of the law and the Pharisees and do everything tell you for they were given their positions by God.

b)  Do not do what they do for they do not practice what they preach.  Follow God in your heart, not man.

c)  Pleasing man and for looks only.  They were motivated by pride and earthly status and position, not by the heart or to please God.

d)  Personal Question.  My answer:  Don’t be a hypocrite.  Practice what you preach.  Have God as your motivation and not man.  Have God in your heart and let the Holy Spirit lead you.  Then you will be real.

10)  Personal Question.  My answer:  Be humble and serve God first.  Let Christ be your teacher and God your father.  Treat everyone as brothers for God is your master.  Remember you have been called to your position by God and He is the center, not a title or the men who voted you in.  If God is first, you cannot fail.

Conclusions:  Didn’t get a lot out of this either.  Not sure why.  It’s mainly about God and Jesus being Lord over all and Lord over your heart.  If you have that, then you cannot fail Him.

End Notes:  Before the Pharisees could ask him another question, Jesus asked them a question.  He asked them who he was just like he did with the disciples in Matthew 16:13-15.

Everyone knows the Messiah will be the Son of David.  Jesus is pointing this out to remind him that he is from David’s line.

Saying the Messiah is the Son of David is only partially right.  He is David’s son but he also is David’s Lord.  He is human and God in one.  Later, this idea will be recorded in both Revelation 22:16 and Romans 1:4.

If David calls him Lord, how is he his Son?  Thus, Jesus must be the Son of God.  The Pharisees did not want to admit that so they said nothing else.

Interestingly, perhaps standing in that very crowd in the heart of Jerusalem a young Pharisee will go on to answer that question in Romans 1:1-4:  Paul himself.

This is a turning point.  The teachers of the law, the Pharisees, and the Sadducees will give up trying to trap Jesus and turn the people against him.  Instead, they will seize him and resort to violence in order to preserve their earthly power and end the threat to their positions.

Synagogues had a stone seat in front where the teacher sat and taught from; hence, sitting in Moses’ seat.

Note the contrast between the heavy loads the Pharisees carry and Jesus’ light load (Matthew 11:30).  Our load is meant to be light, not burdensome like the religious leaders of the day made it.

Do not imitate the scribes.  The heart is what matters both in what you do and in titles.  Titles are not meant to be coveted.

Fun Fact:  Psalm 110 is the most frequently quoted Old Testament chapter in the New Testament.

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