Summary of passage: False prophets will appear at the End Times to try and deceive the elect, Jesus warns. The coming of the Son of Man will be visible. Jesus quotes Isaiah, saying the sun will be darkened and the moon will have no light. The stars will fall from the sky and the heavenly bodies will be shaken.
The Son of Man will appear in the sky and will come on clouds with power and great glory. He will send his angels who will call the elect with a loud trumpet call. This generation will not pass away until all these predictions have happened. No one knows when Jesus shall return except the Father.
8a) False prophets. The sun will be darkened, the moon will not give any light, stars will fall from the sky, heavenly bodies will be shaken, and a sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky. He will come on clouds and angels will appear with a trumpet call.
b) Zechariah 12:10: A spirit of grace and supplication will be poured out on the house of David and the inhabitants of Jerusalem. They will mourn Jesus and grieve bitterly.
Matthew 24:30: “The Son of Man will appear in the sky and all the nations will mourn. They will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of the sky with power and great glory.”
Revelation 1:7: Jesus will come with the clouds for all to see and all will mourn because of him.
c) Nothing. We learn that no one knows the day or hour of Christ’s return except God.
9) Personal Question. My answer: Jesus uses the fig tree as a metaphor for his coming. Fig trees bloom regularly and always. Jesus says as surely as the fig tree blooms, surely I will return.
Conclusions: This is a good warm up to Revelation for those of you doing that next year. Still needed a commentary for the fig tree. Chapter 24 is difficult in that it speaks to the future and prophecy, always difficult to interpret when no dates are given and generalities abound.
I liked the study of the abomination. I missed that when I read the book of Daniel on my own. Why I need a bible study to learn this stuff!
End Notes: In addition to Isaiah, Joel 2:10, and Revelation 6:12-14 also mention what will happen in the heavens at the End Times.
Scholars debate what the sign of the Son of Man will be. Basically, it’s all guesses since we are not told here.
The fig tree has been around since the beginning of time (remember what leaves Adam and Eve used to cover up after they ate of the Tree of Knowledge?). The fig tree appears many times in the Old Testament, sometimes to represent abundance or even to represent Israel (Jeremiah 24:1-10 and Hosea 9:10).
If you read Luke’s version of this story, specifically Luke 21:29-31, you get a better picture of what the fig tree represents here. Like I said, it’s an analogy assuring his disciples that Jesus will return.
Some say this “generation” could be translated as this “race”, meaning the Jews. This is especially propounded by those who believe these events already happened in 70 AD.
So Jesus gives an outline for End Time events: 1) Catastrophes 2) abomination of desolation 3) Warnings to flee 4) Hardships and heavenly signs 5) Jesus’ return
Note the dilemma verse 36 poses: Daniel says the day of Jesus’ return is exactly 1,290 days after the abomination that causes desolation (Daniel 12:11). Here, Jesus says only God knows his return.