BSF Study Questions Revelation Lesson 10, Day 5: Revelation 5:11-14

Summary of passage:  Angels encircled the throne and the living creatures and angels and sang.  Then every creature in heaven and earth and in the sea sang and the elders fell down and worshipped.


11a)  Part personal question.  My answer:  Power, wealth, wisdom, strength, honor, glory, and praise.  He is worthy because he died for our sins and thereby justified us for God.  It means everything to me.

b)  Personal Question.  My answer:  Worship includes unrestrained singing and praising and shows me I need to be more vocal in my worship as well.

12a)  Angels and every creature in heaven and earth and in the sea.  Because Jesus is the Savior who paid the penalty for man’s sins.  He is the Creator as the Triune God.  All should praise him for they would not exist without Him.

b)  Genesis says God created man in his own image and gave him the power to rule over all creatures on land and in the sea.  Psalms reminds us that God created everything and knows everything and all belongs to Him.  In essence, as the Creator of the Universe, all is His and He rules over all and He can snuff us out if He so desired.

Who But God Could Create Such Marvels?

Who But God Could Create Such Marvels?

13a)  He heard every creature in heaven and on earth and in the sea singing praises to Jesus and God, honoring and glorifying them forever.

b)  Personal Question.  My answer:  Christians worship Him, honor Him, and give Him the glory.  Animals exist–do what God gave them the ability to do.  Man cares for the animals as God has ordered him too.  As God is in control of non-Christians as well, they respond to His will unknowingly and therefore we see more of God’s creations cared for and this in turn inadvertently praises and honors God.

Conclusions:  Too many personal questions that were repetitive.  11a is the same as 6b in this Lesson and essentially 8c.  We looked at worship in Lesson 9 Day 5 similarly to 11b.

End Notes:  In Revelation 5:9-10, only the elders are singing the song of the redeemed because as far as we know angels are not redeemed.  Here, it is the angels turn to praise Jesus because of his ability to redeem (1 Peter 1:12 and Ephesians 3:10).

The number of angels is infinite.

The ancient Greek word for worship entails complete submission.  Being in a time of kings, people were accustomed to bowing down before the one who rules over them.  Here, the elders fall down and completely submit to their ruler, the One, True God.

Fun Fact:  Revelation 5:9, 12 appears in Handel’s Messiah Part 3.

Conclusions to Lesson 10:  In chapter 5, we see God and Jesus in heaven on the throne being worshipped and praised for all they have done and created.  We see Jesus as the Lamb given the power and authority over the rest of history.  Emphasis on worthiness and worship and the main reason we do worship God and Jesus–because they did create the universe.  Without life, we can’t do anything.  Everything we are is His.

Here we will take another break from Revelation and go to Joel and 2 Peter before we return to Revelation Chapter 6 where Jesus will open the seals of the scroll, which will usher in the Day of the Lord.  These are still events which will be in the future.  Joel and Peter prophesized this event and thus we will study what they said before we study what John says.  The number 7 will dominate the rest of the book of Revelation and our study.

Great outline HERE

BSF Study Questions Revelation Lesson 10, Day 3: Revelation 5:6-10

Summary of passage:  A Lamb (Jesus) who had been slain stands near the throne surrounded by the living creatures and elders.  He had 7 horns and 7 eyes for the 7 Spirits of God.  Jesus takes the scroll from God and the elders and creatures fall down in worship and prayers and song.  Jesus made people into a kingdom and priests to serve God and reign on earth.


6a)  Jesus

b)  Part personal Question.  My answer:  Jesus was slain to pay the penalty for our sins so we can be justified before God and have eternal life.  It means everything to me.

7a)  Jesus is standing in the midst of the throne, central, for all to see.  He is not literally standing on the throne.  He is next to it and all are encircling him.  God was giving Jesus all power and all authority.

b)  Completeness or perfection.  Seven eyes represent omniscience and seven horns represent omnipotence.  Throughout the Bible eyes represent knowledge and wisdom and horns represent power.   So having 7 of them means Jesus here has perfect knowledge and complete power.  Seven spirits is fully God and fully Jesus as the Holy Spirit.  All in one as the Triune God.  7 Spirits of God (Rev 1:4).

7 Spirits as fully God could also refer to all the characteristics of God (Isaiah 11; 2 Peter 1:5-7).

Conclusions:  You may have noticed my go-to answer is “everything” (Lesson 5 Day 4).  I have given up trying to put into words what Jesus’s sacrifice on the cross means to me.  The depth, the impact, the consequences are indescribable.  The grace, the mercy, the sanctification, eternal life.  The English language (and all languages) cannot encompass this meaning.

Great lesson to a great passage.  Every word here has meaning.  How amazing this vision would have been!  Anyone else want to be a modern-day John?

End Notes:  “I saw”.  We see these words repeated over and over again by John.  It’s a reminder to us that he is reporting exactly what was revealed to him without embellishing any facts or details.

The word John used in Greek for lamb means “little lamb”.  This is the first of 29 times this word is used in Revelation, but it is only used 1 elsewhere in the New Testament (John 21:15).  The Lamb is living but has sacrificial marks on him.  Except for Revelation 13:11, all refer to Jesus as the Lamb.  Lamb seems to be a preference John had to refer to Jesus.

The Lamb is seen in Scripture as “standing” (Acts 7:56, 5:31) as here or “sitting” (Mark 16:19).

In verse 5, the elder announces a Lion and a Lamb shows up?  John was surprised.  Most people think of Lions as ferocious and kings but a Lamb in humble, gentle, and full of trust and love–exactly the qualities God wants to exhibit.

The language has Jesus as just being slain.  Before God, Jesus has always just been slain, his sacrifice for you and me fresh and new, a continual sacrifice for each new generation. In the Greek, there is no doubt. The Lamb was slain.  For Jews, the lamb was a sacrificial animal.  They would have immediately grasped the impact these analogies contain.

The horn is an ancient Jewish symbol for power and strength so 7 horns is complete or absolute strength.  The fourth beast we read in Daniel (Daniel 7:7, 20) had 10 horns.

Seven eyes of the Lord:  Zechariah 4:10 and 3:9.  See everything completely indicates absolute sovereignty.

Right hand was the dominate hand in Scripture and represents power.  Here, God is giving Jesus His power.

This is the only time we see the court fall down before Jesus.

The harp is really a zithern or kind of guitar.  This passage gave rise to the idea of angels in heaven with harps as seen in world-famous paintings.  Worship is accompanied by music like when we worship in church.

The golden bowls of incense are prayers of the saints the elders are merely holding NOT prayers for the saints or by the saints or to the saints.  We get the picture of the worth God has for the prayers of the saints.  We’ll revisit these prayers in Revelation 8:3.

“Saints” in Greek means “holy ones.”  Used 13 times in Revelation (Rev 5:8, 8:3, 4; 11:18; 13:7, 10; 14:12; 16:6; 17:6; 18:20, 24; 19:8; 20:9), this is John’s term of choice to designate those who belong to Jesus Christ throughout the ages.

New song meaning good or pleasing.  Song about man’s redemption.

We are kings and priests thanks be to our belief in Jesus.  He sanctified us and elevated us.

Chapter 6 of Revelation begins judgment by the Lamb.

Fun Historical Fact:  Roman emperors were proclaimed in Latin vere dignus, meaning “You are worthy.”  Only God is worthy.

BSF Study Questions Revelation Lesson 10, Day 2: Revelation 5:1-5

Summary of passage:  In Revelation 4, we see God is sitting on the throne.  Here, we’re told He is holding a sealed scroll.  An angel asks, “Who is worthy to break the seal?”  No one in heaven or on earth can so John weeps.  Then an elder cries out,”The Lion can”, meaning Jesus.


3a)  “A scroll with writing on both sides and sealed with seven seals.”

b)  He wept because “no one was found who was worthy to open the scroll or look inside.”  The scroll will introduce the next phase of history and if it can’t be opened, then history will not take place.  Further, some scholars suggest he cried because the promise in Rev 4:1 would not be fulfilled to him.  I tend toward the former, being much more significant (history not moving forward) than the latter.

4)  Part personal question.  My answer:  Jesus is the Son of Man as he’s the predicted messiah from the tribe of Judah and from David’s line.  Jacob calls Judah a lion’s cub in his prediction of the future in Genesis 49 and that the ruler will come from his line.  God tells Nathan in 2 Samuel 7 that He will raise up an offspring from David who will establish the throne of God’s kingdom forever.  In Isaiah we see Jesus called the “Root of Jesse”.

Both these prophecies have to be fulfilled for Jesus to be the Messiah, which Jesus meets.

I learn how God has told the people repeatedly of His plans for the future and how God has and will fulfill His words.

[The Messianic title Lion of the tribe of Judah see also Isaiah 31:4 and Hosea 11:10. The title Root of David comes from Isaiah 11:10 and Romans 15:12 and is repeated in Revelation 22:16.]

5)  Part personal question.  My answer:  In this passage, Jesus triumphed by being able to open the scroll and usher in the new history.  In the long run, Jesus triumphed over death and sin by dying on the cross for us, thus justifying us before God and allowing us to live eternally with the Father.  He will also triumph at the Second Coming when he ushers in the New World where Christians shall reign eternally with Jesus here on earth.

It’s significant to me because I know where my future lies.  I know I am forgiven.  I know I am His.

Conclusions:  I like the emphasis in Revelation on our future and Jesus’s victory.  We are being bombarded with hope–something we all need.  Something we all need to hear repeatedly especially when it seems everywhere we turn is evil and destruction.  God wins.  And because God wins, we win.  There is no greater message than this.

End Notes:  “And I saw”.  This is the first of 39 times this phrase is used by John.  It’s a reminder to us that he is reporting exactly what was revealed to him without embellishing any facts or details.

In Revelation 4, we focused on the throne.  Here, we will be focusing on the scroll.

It is significant that writing was on BOTH sides of the scroll.  In ancient times, only one side of the scroll was usually written on.  The rolls were on both sides and the scroll was read horizontally with the left hand holding the scroll and right hand unfurling it.  As it was read, the part having been read would be re-furled up in the left hand.  Using the average amount of writing that would fit on a scroll at this time, the Book of Revelation would fit on a 15 foot long scroll.  This scroll was unusual indeed.

After being written, a scroll would be wrapped with string and then have wax seals put on the string.  Important documents were written on papyrus scrolls and sent this way.  Only the proper people in the presence of witnesses could open the scroll and read it (at this time there were only few people who could read anyways).  Here, there are 7 seals, all of which must be opened before it could be read.

Scholars have debated for centuries what is written on this scroll.  Lots of ideas have been proposed but the best that fits is the history of the universe, God’s will.  In Roman times, wills were sealed seven times.  The idea:  God holds in His hands everything.

Furthermore, connecting with the Old Testament (see Lev.25:25,47-49; Ruth 4:3-14), Jesus is man’s kinsman-redeemer, man having forfeited the right to rule earth in the Garden of Eden.  Jesus has paid our debt through his blood (Rev 5:6), driving Satan out, and thus re-instating God’s plan for mankind.  Hence, this scroll is God’s plan coming to fruition, being opened only by the Redeemer.

Was Israel the focus here?  God has not forsaken His people (Ps.94:14; Rom.11:1-2) nor will He neglect His future plans and purposes for them (Rom.11:25-27).  After the Tribulation, all of Israel will be saved, giving time for the Gentiles to come to Jesus.  Paul makes clear in Romans 15 when he quotes Isaiah 11:10 that the Gentiles are included in God’s promises.  Hence, John weeps for all Jews and Gentiles alike.

The emphasis here is who can open it not what it contains.  And that is Jesus alone can open it.

This is the first of three “mighty angels” in Revelation (others are in 10:1 and 18:21).  Scholars have speculated as to the identity of the angel.  Again, no one knows.  Their function is a duty from God; their identity is not important.

The angel issues a challenge no created creature can answer.

A lion is strong and the king of the animal world.  A fitting image of Jesus.

The NIV translation has the verb in verse 5 as “triumphed.”  Some have “overcome”.  In actuality, in Greek a better translation is “to conquer completely.”

BSF Study Questions The Life of Moses Lesson 10, Day 2: Exodus 25:1-22

Summary of passage:  Moses is alone with God on the top of Mt. Sinai in a cloud.  God tells Moses offerings the people are to bring to Him that include gold, silver, bronze, yard, linen, wood, olive oil, spices, and more.  Then the Israelites are to build God a tabernacle where He will dwell among them.  God tells Moses to build an ark of gold for a holding for the Testimony (laws) and how to build it.  Here, He will meet with Moses and give all of His commands for the Israelites.


3a)  The people’s hearts should “prompt them to give.”

b)  Personal Question.  My answer:  Pray for a giving heart.  Give even if your heart is not quit there yet because just the act can lead to the heart change.

c)  Personal Question.  My answer:  Well, the passages say to offer a sacrifice that costs you something.  To offer your bodies as living sacrifices, holy and pleasing to God, as a spiritual act of worship.  Give as much as you are able and beyond.  Give yourself. Basically, God wants all of us and every aspect of our lives:  money, worship, work, talents, and a living testimony to the indwelt Holy Spirit, leading a Godly-life.  I believe God wants me to fulfill the purpose He has for my life–writing something that will convert others to Him.  That is my gift beyond the others mentioned here.

4a)  As a dwelling place for Him where men could come and meet with God.

b)  From Creation, God created man as a companion to Him and as one who was meant to be with Him always. Since the Fall, sin has separated us.  So God sends His son, Jesus, Immanuel, to be with us physically.  God’s Word was given to us to be closer to us.  When we accept Jesus as your Savior, we receive the indwelling Holy Spirit, which is God within.  Then finally at Jesus’ Second Coming, Jesus will inhabit the earth with us together at last both physically and spiritually.  God will live among us and we will be together as God has meant it to be.

c)  In order to be with God, we must be cleansed of our sins for God cannot be near sin.  Hence, the atonement cover was provided as a way for His people to be near Him.  God appeared in the cloud over the atonement cover in the Most Holy place; hence, you had to be clean in order to be in the presence of God.  This allowed us to be with God as He has always meant us to.

Conclusions:  I don’t know which is harder:  one long passage of many chapters or a relatively short passage to read but with a bunch of reference passages.  Both are time consuming and challenging in their own right.  I was thinking this would be an easy day, but it wasn’t with all the look-ups.

The emphasis here is the importance of worshipping God and being near Him as we were meant to be and this passage shows how God is doing this for the Israelites in their new land.

End Notes:  Note how the Israelites 400 years ago were unskilled nomads.  After being in Egypt, they became skilled laborers, capable of crafting a beautiful tabernacle for God and an ark to hold the Testimony and for Him to dwell in.

Note the offering is not out of need nor is it us asking God for anything.  The willing heart gives–here is what God wants.  Us to freely worship and give to Him out of love and desire and because He gave everything (Jesus) to us.

The offerings listed were all of the finest and most expensive materials around–the hardest to procure and make.

The ark, or Ark of the Covenant, was described first as it was the most important offering in the tabernacle.  Scholars say it is modeled after God’s own throne.

Note the ark had wooden poles to carry it by.  The ark was too sacred to be touched by man and as Uzzah found out (2 Samuel 6:6-7) if you disobeyed this command, the penalty was death.

Note how God wants the the ark built before all the laws are even given.

The atonement cover is the lid of the ark.  Presumably, God must have made some provision for the priests to touch the lid in order to put the items inside of it.  I’m assuming we will read this later in our study.

If you picture God looking down from heaven, then the atonement cover and the passages given will make sense.  So God is looking down on the ark, which contains His laws.  The ark is then covered with sacrificial blood, atoning for and covering up man’s sins and our breaking of the law.  Hence, God could now forgive our sins and come down to be with us.

Even before the law was given, God knew we’d break it so He made appropriate provisions for us.  What a loving God!

Our mercy seat/atonement cover is now Jesus.  God is great!

Reading this passage got me confused exactly when did Moses receive the written commandments from God.  Not yet.  Exodus 24:12 has God calling Moses up to receive them but he stays for 47 days and nights so is about to receive them.  The next chapters in Exodus covers all that God told Moses (at least what Moses recorded cause I’m sure in that amount of time there would be a ton to talk about) and then he will receive the commandments to carry down off the mountain (Exodus 32:15-16).  Great website with timeline of the tablets summarized and a cool link to listen to the Ten Commandments read in Hebrew:

Fun Fact:  The word “tabernacle” appears for the first time here and it is mentioned 139 times in the Old Testament.  It means ‘tent’ and just like a tent was moveable.  God does not permanently dwell in the tabernacle but comes when man does.

BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 10, Day 5: Matthew 9:27-34

Summary of passage:  As Jesus left Jairus’ house, two blind men followed him and begged for mercy and for healing.  Jesus asked them if they had faith in him and they said yes.  They were healed and asked not to spread the news but they did.  Then a demon-possessed, mute man was brought to Jesus.  He drove out the demon and re-gained his speaking ability.  All were amazed except the Pharisees who called Jesus “the prince of demons.”


12a)  Lord and Son of David

b) Isaiah 35:4-6:  Isaiah predicts the eyes of the blind will be opened with the redeemer (God will come) and the mute tongue will shout for joy.  So the two blind men could now see and the demon-possessed man could now talk and all presumably shouted for joy at Jesus’ arrival.

Jeremiah 23:5-6:  A righteous branch of David will rule wisely and do what is right and just in the land and save Judah and Israel.  His name will be “The Lord our Righteousness.”  The men call Jesus “Son of David” and Jesus does what is right and just and brings righteousness in the land.

c)  Personal Question.  My answer:  For things to be clear and for me to know in my heart what is right and for my husband to know it as well.

13a)  Personal Question.  My answer:  I think Jesus would rather be known for his spiritual healing of the heart and saving of sins rather than his physical healings of the eyes and tongue.  Also, Jesus knows the opposition will only grow against him as more and more people believe in him.  He has to finish his job and it could be hindered by notoriety.

b)  Personal Question.  My answer:  They were so excited they couldn’t contain themselves so they had to tell all.  Plus, the Jews had been looking for the Messiah for hundreds of years now and when he appeared it was the moment they had waited for their entire lives.

Imagine how you would feel if you just re-gained your sight?  Wouldn’t you tell all?  That doesn’t justify the men’s disobedience but it would be hard to keep such a miracle to yourself.

14a)  They were both healed by faith (faith of the blind men themselves and presumably faith of the people who brought the demon-possessed man to Jesus).  The healings sparked awe and fear amongst the people.  It turned the Pharisees more and more against Jesus.  Jesus healed out of compassion for both and mercy for both.  The blind men asked for it and the demon-possessed man could not but Jesus healed mercifully as well.

b)  In amazement and fear.  Some thought him the Messiah and others thought him the devil.

c)  Same.  Fear and amazement.  My response is awe.

d)  Personal Question.  My answer:  I know Jesus can do anything and if he can heal others, he can heal me and allow me to fulfill his purpose here on earth.  “I can do everything through him who gives me strength.” Philippians 4:13  And I can testify to others about what He has done in my life and be a living testimony to His goodness.

Conclusions:  My favorite part was the part BSF did not ask about:  the fact that here we learn Jesus needs help.  There are so many people to heal and touch that Jesus cannot be in 1000 places at once so he needs helpers.  I like this part because we are called as well to spread the Good News.  God doesn’t need us to help Him but He gives us that responsibility anyways for our own good.  Love it!

We also see the growing opposition against him which will only grow as we more forward with Jesus’ life.

Fun Fact:  This is the first time Jesus himself is called the “Son of David”, overtly referring to him as the Messiah.

BSF Study Questions Matthew Lesson 10, Day 2: Matthew 9:1-8

Summary of passage:  After healing the demon-possessed man in Matthew 8, Jesus then returns to Capernaum where a paralytic was brought to him.  Jesus forgave the man’s sins and thus drew criticism from the religious leaders who were watching him.  Jesus chastised them for their unbelief and told the man to go home.  The man got up and walked and the crowd was filled with awe and praise of God.


3a)  The faith of the men who brought the paralytic to him.

b)  By inviting them to church, by sharing the Gospel, by praying for them, by showing them kindness and a heart for Jesus, by shining your light unto them by serving them, and an insistent and incessant encouragement of friends and family to accept Christ into their hearts.

4a)  “Your sins are forgiven” (verse 2)  “The Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins” (verse 6)  The act of healing the man (verses 6-7)

b)  He got up and walked.

5)  Mark tells us many more details surrounding the act.  We learn that a huge crowd had gathered and that it was actually 4 men who brought Jesus the paralytic.  The crowd was so huge that the men had to cut a hole in the roof and lower the man down to Jesus.  We learn the exact thoughts of the teachers of the law and question Jesus’ right to forgive sins.  We learn that the man took his mat with him as well.

Luke adds that Pharisees were present as well (the leaders of the priests) and that they had come from all over to see Jesus.  The power of the Lord was present with Jesus for healing.  The man was lowered right in front of Jesus.  Upon healing we learn the paralytic himself left praising God. The people said they had never seen anything so remarkable.

Conclusions:  With faith, all things are possible.

Another example of Jesus healing.  In Isaiah 35:5-6, we learn this is what the Messiah will do.  Jesus heals not only to help people but also to fulfill prophecy and prove who he is.  Sad, isn’t it?  God must prove things to us doubting, lowly humans.

The man’s friends were merely hoping for a healing of the body.  Instead, Jesus gave them something infinitely more valuable: healing of his sins.  Jesus forgave him first to show the world that his primary job on earth is to forgive the sins of people.  Then comes healing of the body once the soul is healed.

Note how our thoughts and feelings matter to God.  Although the religious leaders spoke not a word, they silently disapproved of Jesus in their hearts.  God knows when we are just going through the motions or if we truly are committed to Him.  He knows when we sin, even if it be only in the heart.  He knows everything.  Would we want it any other way?

Fun Fact:  This is the first time the Bible records opposition to Jesus.

BSF Study Questions Genesis Lesson 10, Day 2: Skim Genesis 1-5

Summary of passages:  Please see previous posts.


3a)  Physical Needs:  God clothed them.  Food:  now man must sow the ground for his food.  The garden had provided shelter for man.

Spiritual Needs:  A Father (God) to lead man.

Man thought he needed the knowledge of good and evil (or of God and what God knows) but in all actuality man doesn’t.

b)  3:15  “…and between your offspring and hers; he will crush your head and you will strike his heel.”  Matthew and Luke recounts how God provided Mary a child through the Holy Spirit.

4)  Faith is believing in what we cannot see and being sure of it despite this.  The writer uses the example that we believe God made the universe even though no one saw this happen and believing God made all we see from what we do not see.

5a)  Personal Question.  My answer:  Abel knew God demanded the best from him so he brought the best.  Just like God demands the best from us so we must give Him our best.  Whatever that looks like for each of us.

b)  Faith.  Hebrews 11:5:  “By faith Enoch was taken from this life…”

c)  Personal Question.  My answer:  I must keep the faith.  Hebrews 11:13:  “…They did not receive the things promised; they only saw them and welcomed them…”  Hebrews 11:39-40:  “…yet none of them received what had been promised.  God had planned something better for us…”

Even though I cannot see it, it is there.  God’s promises for me.  In Him.  And when I feel like this life sucks I must keep moving towards Him.  Through faith.  For He has a better plan.

Conclusion:  Interesting how 2 obscure men in the Bible (Enoch and Abel) who maybe have a dozen verses between them (that’s being generous) made such an impact on others who remembered their faith.  For we are not told much about what they did.  Only Enoch walked with God and Abel brought the fat.  That’s about it.  Then they die.

This gives me hope.  Currently, I am struggling with my life and its meaning.  I feel like God has so much more for me and here I am languishing.

For who am I?  Who was Abel?  Just a guy who had faith and got killed for it.  Who was Enoch?  Just a guy who walked with God and because of it was spared a physical death. Who will remember me?  No one will read about me when I die.  Yet there is something out there for me that will make an impact.  I just feel I’m not there yet.

End Note:  Admittedly, I skimmed this Lesson (a review lesson) and was dreading it.  I skimmed today’s passages and thought Not again!  I mean, how many times do I have to read Hebrews.  Seriously?

So I thought God must have something here for me.  So I read all of Hebrews 11.  And sure enough I came up with the answer to question 5c and the conclusion.

That even though I am only one person out of 7 billion people or however many people are on the planet now I can make a difference and an impact.  If I have the faith in God and trust Him to do it.  Not me.  But Him.  Just like all the people mentioned in Hebrews 11.  All had one thing in common:  faith in God.  And all accomplished His mission in their lives.

This is my prayer for me and you:  keep the faith and accomplish His purpose in our lives.

Fun Fact:  Check out this website with cool charts on the world population throughout history: