Summary of passage: Leviticus 26: God repeats His rewards for obedience and His promises for His people: to keep His covenant with them, to provide for them, to give them peace in the land, to defeat their enemies, to increase their numbers, to walk with them. God warns the people if they don’t obey He will set His face against them, bring on diseases, and be conquered. God will punish them 7 times over and not give them good harvests. God will be hostile towards them and lay waste to the land and their cities. They will eat but never be satisfied. They will be scattered amongst the nations and God will abhor them.
But if the Israelites confess their sins, God will remember His covenant with Abraham and Isaac and even if they don’t confess their sins, God won’t totally destroy them because of this covenant.
Leviticus 27: God tells Moses the regulations for those dedicating themselves or others to Him and the values of those people. He tells the if an animal is dedicated to Him, it becomes holy and if he wishes to substitute the animal, the substitute becomes holy as well. The Lord gives rules for dedicating houses, land and fields to Him as well.
No one can dedicate the firstborn to Him because it is already His. Nothing devoted to the Lord may be sold or redeemed because it is now holy to God. A tithe belongs to the Lord and is holy to Him.
10a) “Do not make idols or set up an image or a sacred stone for yourselves and do not place a carved stone in your land to bow down before it”. (Verse 1) “Observe my Sabbaths and have reverence for my sanctuary: (Verse 2)
b) “I will send you rain in its season, and the ground will yield its crops and the trees of the field their fruit” (Verse 4) “Your threshing will continue until grape harvest and the grape harvest will continue until planting and you will eat all the food you want and live in safety in your land” (Verse 5)
“I will grant peace in the land, and you will lie down and no one will make you afraid. I will remove savage beast from the land, and the sword will not pass through your country.” (Verse 6) “Your enemies will fall by the sword before you” (Verse 8)
“I will look on you with favor and make you fruitful and increase your numbers and I will keep my covenant with you.” (Verse 9). “You will still be eating last year’s harvest when you will have to move it out to make room for the new” (Verse 10). “I will put my dwelling place among you, and I will not abhor you” (Verse 11)
“I will walk among you and be your God, and you will be my people” (Verse 12).
c) “I will bring upon you sudden terror, wasting diseases and fever that will destroy your sight and drain away your life. You will plant see in vain, because your enemies will eat it.” (Verse 16). “I will set my face against you so that you will be defeated by your enemies; those who hate you will rule over you, and you will flee even when no one is pursuing you” (Verse 17).
“I will punish you for your sins seven times over” (Verse 18). “I will break down your stubborn pride and make the sky above you like iron and the ground beneath you like bronze” (Verse 19). “Your strength will be spent in vain, because your soil will not yield its crops, nor will the trees of the land yield their fruit” (Verse 20).
“I will multiply your afflictions seven times over as your sins deserve” (Verse 21 & 24 & 28) “I will send wild animals against you, and they will rob you of your children, destroy your cattle, and make you so few in number that your roads will be deserted” (Verse 22).
“I will break the sword upon you to avenge the breaking of the covenant. When you withdraw into your cities, I will send a plague among you , and you will be given into enemy hands” (Verse 25). “You will eat but you will not be satisfied” (Verse 26).
“You will eat the flesh of your sons and your daughters” (Verse 29″. “I will destroy your high places, cut down your incense altars, and pile your dead bodies on the lifeless forms of your idols, and I will abhor you” (Verse 30). “I will turn your cities into ruins and lay waste your sanctuaries, and I will take no delight in the please aroma of your offerings” (Verse 31)
“I will lay waste the land, so that your enemies who live there will be appalled” (Verse 32). “I will scatter you among the nations and will draw out my sword and pursue you. Your land will be laid waste, and you cities will lie in ruins” (Verse 33).
11a) If the Israelites will confess their sins, then God would remember His covenant with Jacob and Isaac and Abraham and He will remember the land.
b) Personal Question. My answer: Well, no matter what, God will never forget His people. This is encouraging when we sin. If we confess, we are forgiven. If we don’t confess, God does not abandon us. I have hope every day that I can be a better person when sometimes it seems I am remaining stagnant in my growth with God.
12a) Persons (verses 2-8). Animals (verses 9-13). House (verses 14-15). Family land (Verses 16-21). A field he has bought (verses 22-25).
b) “Nothing that a man owns and devotes to the Lord–whether man or animal or family land–may be sold or redeemed” (Verse 28).
Conclusions: On question 10, I stopped at Leviticus 26:35 and left out the remnant because I couldn’t take any more typing so there’s more answers to that question if you are so inclined.
I am ambivalent towards questions that require us to type up whole passages of Scripture. In one sense it’s good because it forces you to read God’s word closer and dwell upon it more as you type it. Some people learn better this way anyways rather than just reading it. Yet, at the same time, it’s redundant and time-consuming. For this question, you could literally just open the Bible and read all of Leviticus 26 to answer it in class because all of Leviticus 26 is the answer to 10 and 11.
I don’t know about you, but I quaked when I thought of God abhorring me. Not a pretty picture.
Whooo0-hooo! Done with Leviticus! On to Numbers!
End Notes: Leviticus 26: God’s desire was to show Himself through the Israelites and He was giving them the choice: either follow my commands and I will bless you beyond measure to show my glory or disobey my commands and I will curse you beyond measure to show my judgments and power.
This chapter very closely follows ancient treaties between peoples and their kings at the time it was made/written.
Here we see God foreshadowing Gideon and Jonathan’s defeat of much larger forces when He promises verse 8. The Old Testament is full of examples of these blessings and warnings coming to light. Another is the Queen of Sheba in 1 Kings 10 where she is overwhelmed by the wealth she sees and she praises God because of it.
Sadly, the disobediences also played out in the Old Testament and even the worst punishments like eating your own son or daughter came to be (2 Kings 6:26-29).
Yet the chapter ends with God’s mercy upon His people to never forsake them. So even with all this horror there is hope. And with Jesus, there is no more curses for he bore it all. With Jesus God’s mercy is complete.
Leviticus 27: These vows were separate from the priesthood; this was for those who wanted to dedicate themselves to God but was not of the tribe of Levi. Everyone was assigned a value according to age and usefulness to society and being primarily agricultural, the young men were worth more.
A person could redeem things vowed to the Lord such as animals, houses or land. One could not redeem those things devoted to the Lord, which included those who were set to be executed for crimes committed.
Fun Fact: “The Lord said to Moses” occurs more than 60 times in the book of Leviticus. It is the most words recorded that God spoke personally in the Bible.