Summary of passage: Isaiah predicts the Messiah (the Branch) shooting up from the stump of Jesse’s line. The Spirit of the Lord will be with the Branch who will judge and rule with righteousness, justice, and faith.
3a) It’s a prediction of the coming of Jesus Christ who will have the Spirit of the Lord and a reminder of the promise God made to David that his line will rule forever (2 Samuel 7:12-16).
b) The stump of Jesse-David’s line has fallen from God’s grace. The Branch is the Messiah, here representing new growth from the decayed stump which will bear fruit.
4) He will not judge by appearances or rumor or hearsay but with righteousness and justice. He will always be faithful. The Spirit of the Lord will be upon Him, bringing wisdom, understanding, counsel, power, knowledge, and fear of the Lord.
5) Exodus 31:3; 35:31 He fills you with the Spirit of God–skill ability, and knowledge in all crafts
Judges 6:34; 11:29; 13:25; 14:6 The Spirit of the Lord came upon His servants, stirring them to action
Numbers 11:25 They took of the Spirit of the Lord and prophesized
1 Samuel 10:10; 16:1-13 The Spirit of the Lord came upon Saul and David in power (as chosen leaders)
John 15:26; 16:13 Spirit of Truth will guide you and testify about God
Romans 8:9; 1 Corinthians 6:19; 12:13 The Spirit of God (Christ) lives inside you (your body). You were baptized into Christ. God bought and paid for your body so it needs to be treated as such–as a temple to honor God with.
Romans 8:15-16 Spirit of the Father–God adopted us as His own. We are His children.
Acts 1:8; 4:31 Spirit of Witnesses–speak/spread the Word of God
Ephesians 1:13 Marked with God’s seal (with His Holy Spirit) which guarantees our inheritance as God’s possession.
Conclusions: Lots of passages today. Time consuming but worth the effort. In BSF, you get to learn not just about the book of Isaiah but the whole Bible and how the books are all related. It’s nice to have BSF do the leg work in finding all the related passages and you have the privilege of enjoying the connectedness of it all.
I enjoyed seeing how important the Spirit part of God is in our lives and how He lives in us in many ways, which is exhibited through our skills (work), our calls to action, our words, our morals and values, our bodies, and as His possession. I also recently learned through this study and have been able to see how Jesus was planned all along by God to save us, which this passage confirms. It’s comforting to know in the midst of rebellion there is an end to the war.
Special Note: I changed two passages: 1 Samuel 10:11 to 1 Samuel 10:10 and John 16:14 to John 16: 13 because they made more sense to me. The ones in the notes did not reference the Spirit directly but these did so I’m assuming these are typos. I will get with my small group leader on this to confirm.