Summary of passage: Isaiah tells all enemy nations the Lord is angry with them and He will bring his wrath and destruction upon them. He will throw out their dead bodies to rot, the stars of the heaven will dissolve, and He will bring His sword to destroy them (Isaiah singles out Edom) and the people. The land and dust will be soaked in blood and fat.
3a) All the enemy peoples and enemy nations of God’s people (here Israel and Judah) on Earth. Everyone and everything need to listen.
b) All enemy nations from the time Isaiah is speaking to the end of the world.
4) He will totally destroy their armies and the slain will be left to rot. The Lord’s sword will totally destroy the people, Edom, and Bozrah. Here, Isaiah is using Edom as a representative of the enemy nations and what will happen to them which is ultimately they will all disappear like Edom.
Curious as to where Bozrah was I found a map: http://www.yeshuatyisrael.com/images/mapboz.jpg
Here’s another one I like: http://endtimepilgrim.org/bozmap.gif
Bozrah was the capital city of Edom located in modern-day Jordan east of the Dead Sea. It’s name means sheepfold and was a pastoral city.
Spoiler Alert: According to Isaiah 63:1-6, the Lord will come from Edom and Bozrah on the day of vengeance and the year of redemption. Information taken from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bozrah
5) Edom was the homeland of Jacob’s twin brother, Esau. Esau was also called Edom (which means red) because when Esau was born he was red. Esau sold his birthright to Jacob for a bowl of stew and bread, thinking he was dying at the time. Jacob took advantage of his brother and deceived him. Esau (understandably) held a grudge against Jacob because as a result Jacob received his father’s (Isaac) blessing instead of himself. Jacob is renamed Israel (Genesis 32:28-29). So, in numbers Edom denies passage to Israel through his land as Moses was leading the Israelites up from Egypt and came against them with an army to enforce his decision. So Israel had to go around. The Edomites cheered the sacking of Jerusalem by Babylon and they looted the fleeing refugees. Therefore, in Obadiah, the Lord promises in that day destruction of Edom because of the violence against his brother Jacob. The Edomites will be covered with shame and destroyed forever.
6a) Their dead bodies will send up a stench; the mountains will be soaked with their blood. The sword of the Lord is bathe in blood, it is covered with the fat…fat from the kidneys of rams.
b) Personal Question. My answer: Sin is the breaking of God’s laws. Sin means “to miss the mark” of God’s holy standard or righteousness. God hates sin because it is what separates us from Him–the thing He never wanted. He created us to be like Adam and Eve before the Fall–walking with Him fully and as a part of Him.
c) To escape, we must recognize we are sinners, accept Jesus as our Savior from sin, and repent. Jesus conquered sin and death. 2 Corinthians 7:10-11 Godly sorrow brings repentance that leads to salvation and leaves no regret, but worldly sorrow brings death. See what this Godly sorrow has produced in you: what earnestness, what eagerness to clear yourselves, what indignation, what alarm, what longing, what concern, wheat readiness to see justice done…
Luke 13: 3 But unless you repent, you too will all perish. Acts 17:30-31 …he [God] commands all people everywhere to repent. For he has set a day when he will judge the world with justice…
John 14:6-7 Jesus answered, “I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me. If you really knew me, you would know my Father as well…
Conclusions: Great lesson. I now know the history of Edom and how it all relates back to Jacob and Esau. It explains at least God’s judgment on Edom in that day. Question 6 just re-emphasized in my mind how much God does love us: when we think back to why He originally created us and how much it broke His heart when man Fell that He devised a way to bring us back to Him through His son, Jesus. It also reminds us how much we should strive to walk in His ways just like our kids want to please us so should we want to please our Father. John 14:6 just popped into my head in answer to 6c which is one we always need to remember: “I am the way and the truth and the life.”