Summary of passage: Isaiah asks a series of questions describing God: who has measured the water in the hollow of his hand or marked off the heavens? Who has held the dust of the earth in a basket or weighed the mountains on scales? Who has instructed god or understood his mind? Who taught him the right way or showed him the path of understanding? The nations are like a drop in the bucket in comparison to God. They are dust. Lebanon does not hold enough to atone for man. Before God, all nations are worthless and less than nothing.
3a) 1) Who has measured the water in the hollow of his hand? 2) Who with the breadth of his hand marked off the heavens? 3) Who has held the dust of the earth in a basket? 4) Who has weighed the mountains on the scales and the hills in a balance? God.
b) 1) Who has understood the mind of the Lord? 2) Who has instructed God as his counselor? 3) Whom did the Lord consult to enlighten him? 4) Who taught Him the right way? 5) Who taught God knowledge? 6) Who showed God the path of understanding? No one.
c) God is omnipotent (Creator of the universe) and omniscient (He is the source of all wisdom and answers). Isaiah is giving us illustrations so our human minds can try to understand who God is, His character, and what He does.
d) Omnipotent, omniscient, the Source of all existence. The one, true God
4a) The power of the nations is like a drop in the bucket compared to God’s. They are dust. Everything in Lebanon is not sufficient. Before him all nations are nothing and worthless.
b) You get a sense of how tiny we are if you think we are a dust granule in God’s mighty hand. How insignificant. How awesome is God. We are nothing without God.
Conclusions: It’s good to be humbled sometimes especially since humans can get pretty puffed up over themselves and this passage will do it. You can see Isaiah’s descriptions in your mind of just how powerful God is and how insignificant we are. Without God we are nothing and we need to remember that with every breath we take and every step we take.