Summary of passage: The Lord reminds His people once again: He is the one who made them, who made all things including the heavens and the earth. He makes fools of false prophets and diviners and overthrows the learning of the wise. He fulfills the predictions of His messengers. He tells the people Jerusalem shall be inhabited again and the towns and the temple of Jerusalem will be re-built and He will use Cyrus to accomplish these tasks.
3a) This is what the Lord says: 44:24, 45:1, 11, 14, 18 I am the Lord and there is no other: 45:5, 6, 18, 22
When God speaks I’d better listen. He is the only one I should listen to. No other is important. I should believe all He says and have full confidence in Him.
b) Past–He has made all things, stretched out the Heavens, spread out the earth, my redeemer, formed you in the womb. Present–He foils the signs of the false prophets, makes fools of diviners, overthrows learning of the wise, and turns it into nonsense, fulfills the words of his servants and His predictions. Future–Jerusalem will be inhabited, towns of Judah shall be re-built, dries up water, uses Cyrus, rebuilds the temple
4a) Lord moved Cyrus’s heart to rebuild the temple of Jerusalem and allowed God’s people to return to Judah and commanded other nations to help them. God gave Cyrus the kingdoms of the earth. Cyrus returned the stolen treasures of the temple, which Nebuchadnezzar had carried away. Completely accurate.
b) God has complete control over human history. He can use anybody to accomplish His work. We belong to God whether or not we believe or know it. Current events are happening for God’s purpose unknown to us.
Conclusions: Overarching theme: God is in control. He speaks; it happens.
Now, if I could only remember this, I’d worry a lot less and I’d experience that elusive peace of God that guards my heart and mind in Christ Jesus. Philippians 4:6-7