Summary of passage: Moses was tending his father-in-law’s flock when he came to Horeb, the mountain of God. In the bush, the angel of the Lord appeared to him in flames of fire but the bush did not burn. When God saw that Moses had investigated, God called out to Moses and told him to remove his sandals for he was standing on holy ground. When God spoke, Moses his is face because he was afraid to look at God.
God told Moses how he has seen and heard his people cry out to Him and seen their suffering. So He is going to rescue them from Egypt and send them to a land flowing with milk and honey. He sends Moses to Pharaoh to bring his people out of Egypt.
3a) To get Moses to investigate the bush closer so God could speak to him. Otherwise, I’m wondering if Moses would have ignored the bush (how you could with an angel in the bush I’m not for sure. I would think it would be the angel that attracted Moses but the Bible says it’s the bush). Hence, we must assume a burning bush in the desert is no big deal. It’s the fact the bush was not consumed that was the big deal.
c) “For the place where you [Moses] are standing is holy ground” Moses was now in the presence of God. Taking off one’s shoes shows humility as servants often went barefoot in ancient times. It was a symbol of taking off your sins to be close to God. Note only close: we can never be equal with God as God is holy and man is sinful.
d) God in the person of Jesus.
4a) Go to Egypt and bring my people out.
b) Personal Question. My answer: God cares about His people’s suffering and oppression and wants to rescue them.
Conclusions: Right away, here’s God in week 3! Funny how it’s known as the “Burning Bush” but it never burned. I wonder why man is instinctively afraid to look upon God. I know I’d love to see God but I’m wondering if God’s greatness is such that we are afraid of it since man himself is so evil. I’m wondering if all of our sins flash before us in God’s presence and out of shame we hide.
Interesting how time is nothing to God and it is a lot to us. Here’s Moses at the age of 40 where his life suddenly changes and he has to flee his old life. Next thing we know, 40 years have passed and Moses is an old man who is now called to do God’s work. Nothing is recorded about those 40 years except for God’s concern for His people. This should encourage us: nothing will be recorded about my life but God is watching me with concern! Awesome!
For such a meaty passage, I expected much more meatier questions.
End Notes: Note how Midian here is described as desert (BSF Lesson 2, Day 3 Question 6). I picture this as Moses leading a completely obscure life in the middle of nowhere–as far from Egypt and his calling as could be. In 40 years, he doesn’t even have his own flock of sheep (it’s his father-in-law’s) so Moses is as far from riches and nobility as anyone could be as well.
The mountain of Horeb is later called Mount Sinai where Moses receives the Ten Commandments. So same place; different points in time.
Some say the burning bush represents Israel: afflicted but not destroyed. Some also say it represents the cross as well.
God does not speak to Moses until he has Moses’ attention. How often do we miss God cause we aren’t paying attention?
God’s first words to Moses: Moses’ name. God knows Moses. He knows his name. He is important in God’s world even though he’s a nobody in our world.
Note also how God doesn’t just say Moses’ name once. He calls him twice. This shows the urgency of God’s plans. God calls Abraham (Genesis 22:11), Samuel (1 Samuel 3:10), Simon (Luke 22:31), Martha (Luke 10:41), and Saul (Acts 9:4) all in the same manner.
God then said he is the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. He is the One, True God, the God of the covenant. He has not forgotten His promise to His people. He was reminding Moses of this.
God chooses Moses as His instrument to rescue His people. God could do all of it himself. But instead He chooses people. (2 Corinthians 6:1: we work with God). I think God does this to increase our faith in Him and in other people.
Other places Jesus appears in Old Testament: Genesis 16:7-13, Judges 2:1-5, Judges 6:11-24, Judges 13:3-22