Summary of passage: The Lord answers Moses’ complaint in Chapter 5. He says Pharaoh will let his people go because of Him. God repeats himself a bit here, saying He is the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob whom He established a covenant with. He has heard the groaning of the Israelites and He has remembered (Exodus 3:6-8).
God tells Moses to tell His people He will rescue them from the Egyptians as His own people and bring them to the Promised Land. Moses again told the Israelites who again did not listen to him. God again tells Moses to tell Pharaoha to let the people go and again Moses asks why would anyone listen to him. A listing of Levi clan heads is given, showing Moses’ and Aaron’s genealogy.
8a) Repeated himself (Exodus 3:6-8), saying He will do what He says He will do and free the Israelites.
b) I am the Lord
c) That this is God speaking and God keeps His promises as the One, True, omnipotent God.
9a) Pharaoh will let the Israelites go and will drive them out of his country. He will bring them out from under the Egyptians’ yoke. He will free them and redeem them with an outstretched arm and mighty acts of judgment. God will take them as His own people and be their God. You will know He is Lord. He will bring them to the Promised Land and give it to them as their possession.
[Side Note: These are the seven famous “I will”s in verses 6-8 and then add the one promise from verse 1. See End Notes for more.]
b) Personal Question. My answer: Too many to list here as I believe the entire Bible is God’s promise to me. Some are: He will provide for me, take care of me, comfort me, listen to me, answer me, guide me, protect me, and bring me home when He is done with me.
10) Personal Question. My answer: When we are discouraged, our faith is weakened. To be aware when I am down so I can consciously strengthen my faith and to be aware of those times when I tend to feel self-doubt so I can remind myself of God’s promises.
11a) Levi, Kohath, Amram and Jochebed, Moses and Aaron
b) Wife: Elisheba. Sons: Nadab, Abuihu, Eleazar, Ithamar. Daughter-in-law: one of the daughters of Putiel. Grandson: Phinehas
Conclusions: Do you ever think God gets tired of repeating Himself? I know I do when I repeat myself over and over to my kids and I ask them “Are you listening to me?” I know the answer is “no”. God does as well. Great lesson here in the workings of the human mind. Repetition and lots of it especially in the learning phase. God has patience and compassion on us when we forget things as we should with those around us as well.
God is also constantly re-assuring us when we doubt ourselves, telling us we can do this with Him by our side. He has given us His words to live by which should be taken as Him speaking to us like He did with Moses. The Bible is God speaking to us–His promises, His help, His re-assurance, His guidance, His words of advice, His comfort, His love. If only we could remember this each and every second of our lives…
End Notes: In God’s grace, He is telling Moses He is in control, not Pharaoh. In all fairness to Moses, God has only promised the covenant. Here, He is about to fulfill the covenant after a 400 year wait. It seems a long time for mankind when to God it is nothing. But man and Moses are impatient and want it now!
What is famous in this passage is the Seven “I will”s in verses 6-8:
· I will bring you out
· I will free you from being slaves
· I will redeem you
· I will take you as My people
· I will be your God
· I will bring you to the land I swore
· I will give it to you as a possession
Before this, there is one more “I will”: I will do to Pharaoh (verse 1).
Interestingly, here it is the future tense. In the original Hebrew, it is in the past tense–meaning that God speaks as if it has already been accomplished.
Other famous “I will” statements in the Bible is those of Satan in Isaiah 14:13-15.
The Israelites now had a slave mentality after 400 years. They were discouraged from their cruel bondage. This way of life is all they have known. Believing God would rescue them is something they needed to see before believing. Ezekiel, having the word of the Lord, explains how the Israelites had turned from him to the gods of the Egyptians and it was only out of God’s grace and pity did He bring them out of Egypt and so His name would not be profaned in the nations around His people. Once again, we see God forgiving us stupid humans again and again and again.
God told Moses to go once again to Pharaoh and demand the release of His people. Moses objected because of “uncircumcised of lips”, which is the Hebrew translation. This in not in the NIV version which uses the term “faltering”. The former speaks volumes to Moses’ opinion of himself. He now thinks he is unclean to deliver God’s message. Moses needed his faith built just as much as the Israelites did and here God is doing so with all of these challenges and setbacks.
This genealogy seems unimportant to us mainly because of our culture where our heritage seems to be lost and because we in America at least are not dictated by a class system. But this was hugely important to God. There are 3 main tribes of the Levite clan, all sons of Levi: Gershon, Kohath, and Merari which would have different jobs in relation to God’s future tabernacle.
We will see the sons of Korah again in Numbers 16 when they rebel against Moses.
Wow! This passage is jam packed. Every time God speaks in the Bible (or Jesus but for our purposes it will be God Himself in our study of the Old Testament) we need to pay attention and try to glean not only the message but God’s other hidden messages as well. It is obvious Moses’ doubt. What is not so obvious is God’s testing and building of faith in His people. His purpose. His timing. His omnipotence. His control. What we need to see in our own lives!