Summary of passage: During the night Pharaoh finally told the Egyptians to leave as the Egyptians were afraid they would all die. Pharaoh also asks to be blessed by God. So they were given clothing, silver, and gold and journeyed on foot. They numbered 600,000 men, along with the women, children, livestock, and others. They were in Egypt for 430 years.
The Lord said no uncircumcised males may partake of the Passover. It must be eaten inside with no bones broken.
Exodus 13: God ordered every firstborn male be consecrated to him, including the animals (this would later be replaced with the Levites in Numbers). This day must forever be commemorated with a festival and with no bread with leaven in it for the generations to come and is to be told to every generation and remembered. Every firstborn and sacrifice will be a sign of this remembrance.
5a) It would devastate it.
b) When He struck down all the firstborn in Egypt (Passover).
c) Israel is God’s firstborn son.
d) Personal Question. My answer: By following God’s purpose for my life. Living a godly life. Doing what Jesus would do. Repenting. Asking for forgiveness for others. Praying. Faith.
6) “The Lord made the Egyptians favorably disposed toward the people, and they gave them what they asked for; so they plundered the Egyptians.”
7) Non-Israelites did go with the Israelites (verse 38) and God had to make sure they believed in Him and accepted His sacrifice for their sins. It’s just like taking communion or the Eucharist today. It has meaning and you must accept Him in order to be cleansed just like with Jesus.
Conclusions: Try not to gloss over this section although it’s easy to do especially after yesterday which was a doozy. It is repetitive, yes, of what happened in Exodus 12 but it’s important enough to be repeated. Note the emphasis of how God keeps stressing over and over the importance of remembering this day and what it means to His people. The importance of passing this on to the next generations. The importance of obeying these ordinances forever.
We must remember the Passover in the OT is the equivalent of Jesus dying on the cross–it was that important. It accomplished the same thing–cleansing us of our sins. Hence, the importance of it in these passages.
I love how Pharaoh says “Go but bless me too!”. It’s still about him, yes. But we see he has finally accepted that God is the One, True God. He learned the hard way. I pray we don’t learn that way.
End Notes: Pharaoh was finally broken when his son died. God does whatever it takes for His will. Always justly.
We see the importance of the unleavened bread for the Israelites had to leave NOW.
Succoth means shelters to this may not be the town of Succoth. There was probably was an air of celebration after the haste and the people were probably over the moon.
The number 600,000 has been debated. Some say this was about 2 million people in total who left Egypt. Regardless, it was a lot of people to be moving all at once out of the country.
Note the magnitude of God: to the exact day of 430 years did the Israelites leave.
If you were part of God’s people, you had to celebrate the Passover. If you wanted in, you had to be circumcised and celebrate Passover.
God also required the dedication of the firstborn to Him because God always requires our best and the firstborn was considered the best in Ancient Times.
Phylactery boxes began with these instructions of which priests corrupted back in Jesus’ day. This passage is not meant to be literal.
This is the simpliest and easiest Map of Exodus I could find with Rameses and Succoth clearly marked: http://dedicatedchristfollower.files.wordpress.com/2013/02/exodus-map.gif
Fun Fact: “Out of Egypt” occurs 56 times from this passage in the Bible. Important, wouldn’t you say?