Summary of passage: Three months after leaving Egypt (Number 3 again), the Israelites enter the Desert of Sinai. Here, Moses goes up to God on Mount Sinai to receive God’s Word and Laws for His people. God tells His people if you obey Him and keep His covenant, you will be a treasured possession and a holy nation. Moses tells the people this and they agree. Moses returns to God who tells Moses He will speak to him in a dense cloud so that all the people will hear Him and put their trust in Moses.
God told Moses to prepare the people for His coming by washing and consecrating themselves. The people are not to touch the mountain until the ram’s horn sounds or else they will die.
On the third day (3), God descended Mount Sinai as He promised in fire. Trumpets blasted and Moses and God spoke. Then God called Moses to the top of Mount Sinai and told him again not to allow the people to come up to Him but to bring Aaron with him. Moses obeyed.
3) His amazing love and care for us. An eagle is considered the top of the food chain in the bird world. It is also a symbol of power and majesty. God is carrying us to Him, caring, shielding, guarding, catching and hovering over us the entire time. See commentary below for more.
4a) “If you obey me fully and keep my covenant.”
b) “You will be my treasured possession”, “You will be for me a kingdom of priests”, and “a holy nation” The people responded “We will do everything the Lord has said.”
c) Personal Question. My answer: With gratitude and honor. By praising Him. By extending mercy to others as God has for me. By doing all in my power to be the holy nation He has called me to be.
5) God appeared to the people in a dense cloud and allowed the people to hear Him speak with Moses so that they will always put their trust in Moses.
6a) That they are unworthy to stand on the same ground God does for they are unholy. Thus, the people need to be holy to be with God and thus need to purify themselves (or nowadays to accept Jesus as their Savior) in order to be with God. Still, there is a separation of sin from God. But if God is holy, then the people must strive to be holy as well by following His decrees.
b) Jesus Christ. Through faith in Jesus we are justified and thus able to stand with God in His presence through His grace and mercy. Praise Him!
Conclusions: Anyone else while reading this wished to be back with Moses to see God in the cloud and hear Him speak? How awesome! I’m always jealous that Moses is the one who gets to speak to God. I imagine myself to be him.
End Notes: Awesome commentary by Matthew Henry HERE about eagle’s wings. Amazing our God!
Definition of pinion according to Webster’s: “the terminal section of a bird’s wing including the carpus, metacarpus, and phalanges.” Our carpus and metacarpus is our hand and phalanges are our fingers.
So here God is carrying us in His hands. These feathers are also the feathers that are clipped to prevent a bird from flying. These are the primary feathers so to speak, the most important ones. Reports exist of mother eagles carrying their young on their wings. Here God is telling us He is protecting us with all of His strength and carrying us and supporting us every step of the way, beginning from our youth. He catches us when we fall and carries us till we can fly again. He is protecting us because an arrow would have to pass through His body before it would hit the babies on His back.
We are going to hang out for 57 chapters until Numbers 10 here in the Wilderness of Sinai, an approximate one year period with the Israelites. Shows you how important the events there are. Here is where Moses met God at the burning bush.
IMPORTANT! No one is sure exactly where Mt Sinai lies today.
God calls His people here “the house of Jacob” because they are acting more like Jacob than Abraham or Isaac right now.
God delivers Israel so that they can be with Him.
Israel is a special treasure to God. They have the unique purpose of keeping God’s Word and spreading it to the world. We non-Jews should constantly remember Israel in our prayers as they struggle constantly for survival in today’s world. They (and we) are set apart, a holy nation, for His purposes. We are His; thus, we are special.
At the trumpet sound, the people could come to God. Revelation, anyone?
Notice it’s the third day God comes. Number 3 again.
It’s important to note the differences here between the Old Covenant and the New Covenant. Where Moses stands in OT, Jesus stands in NT. Jesus interceded for us so ALL can come to God. Here, only Moses can. Jesus brought grace, forgiveness, and justification. Here, the people are afraid and excluded. With Jesus, we are loved and included. One more thing we should be on our knees for–His Son, Jesus Christ.