Summary of passage: God summons Moses to come to the top of Mt Sinai. The others must not approach God. Moses told the people what God had said and wrote it all down in the Book of the Covenant. Then he built an altar to God and offered sacrifices to Him. Then he sprinkled the blood of the covenant over God’s people. Moses and others went up and saw God and ate and drank.
The Lord called Moses up to receive the laws and commands on stone. Moses went up further with Aaron. Then Moses went alone and the cloud covered him and the glory of the Lord settled on the mountain. Then Moses entered the cloud and remained for 40 days and nights.
11a) Jesus because he gave himself as a ransom for all men (1 Timothy 2:6) through his blood and Jesus’ covenant is superior to the Old Covenant with better promises
c) It is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins.
d) Trusting that Jesus’ death has freed us from all sins committed and cleansed our consciousnesses from acts that lead to death we should be able to serve the living God better without worry that we may not be offered forgiveness for our sins. We are free; thus, we are free to obey.
12a) They were allowed to worship God at a distance (closer than the rest of the Israelites) verse 1 and they saw the God of Israel (verse 9 & 11).
b) Cloud, glory of the Lord or consuming fire, the smoke, and the stone tablets
c) Personal Question. My answer: God is tangible and personal. He is light. He is compassionate on His people. He is awesome.
Conclusions: Lots of cross references to Jesus here. Too many in my opinion. Wished we would have focused more on what this Old Covenant to us (but a new covenant to the Israelites back then) meant for them as this single act in Exodus 24 is/was one of the most important acts in the Bible. This chapter is the basis for God’s people to live for hundreds of years. The profundity of this chapter should not be ignored nor glossed over.
I just don’t understand how having seen the glory of the Lord you could then turn around and worship a golden calf. I just don’t get it. I say this because I fear I’d be just as stupid and do the same thing.
We are seeing over and over again (and it only goes downhill from here) how even God’s presence does not make people believe in Him. This is human nature (which makes me wonder why God created us with this dilemma). However, the consistent failure of the human race to obey God (as Paul argues in Galatians) was the reason we needed a New Covenant. And aren’t we all glad of that? As always, God’s ways are not our own and we only have limited understanding of His.
“So the law was put in charge to lead us to Christ that we might be justified by faith.” Galatians 3:24
God called to Moses “Come near!” Can you imagine? What a pleasure that must be! Still, this is a promise to us all. God calls us. How do you respond?
End Notes: The Old Covenant here in this chapter is Israel’s constitution, birth certificate, and marriage certificate all wrapped up in some stone tablets and Moses’ writings. Here is recorded 613 commands on how to live your life as God’s chosen people, as His nation, and as a relationship to Him like a marriage full of love between God and His people.
God spoke to Moses alone Exodus 20:22-23. Then God speaks to others here in Exodus 24.
There is Four Steps to the Covenant:
1) The word of God must be written
2) There must be a blood (life) sacrifice to be cleansed of sin
3) There must be a response to the covenant
4) The blood must be received and accepted to be binding and sealed.
These are true for both the Old and the New Covenant.
It is impossible to say what exactly the elders saw. Some scholars say they merely saw the footstool of God, which is said to be made of sapphire (Revelation 4:6 & Ezekiel 1:26). Some say it wasn’t God but a form of God.
The shared meal was a common way of sealing a deal in ancient times. Hence, the face they ate and drank in God’s presence was normal and gave them renewed strength to trust Moses.
This is the same Joshua as the Book of Joshua.
So on Mt. Sinai, you have the 70 elders and Aaron and his brothers half-way up the mountain. Then Moses and Joshua went further up and there Joshua was left up by himself and only Moses continued on to the top to meet with God to receive the Ten Commandments. Aaron and his brothers were supposed to be supervising the people. We find out later how that turned out.
Though the people could not see God nor Moses they could not doubt His presence in the physical signs God left. How stupid are we?