BSF Study Questions The Life of Moses Lesson 15, Day 2: Leviticus 8

Introductory Note:  We get a bit of a break from reading, but as a chronological freak I am still unsure as to why we skipped Leviticus 8-10 last week.  Spend more time on it?  Probably.  But we could have just done Leviticus 8 & 9 and then done 10 in another week.

Summary of passage:  The Lord told Moses to anoint Aaron as the high priest and his sons as priests in an elaborate ceremony in front of the entire people at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting.  Aaron’s descendants (the tribe of Levi) would forever have religious duties for the entire nation of Israel.

Moses put the ephod on Aaron, the Urim and Thummim and the turban (link to picture HERE) and then anointed him with old and consecrated him.  He then anointed Aaron’s sons as well.  Moses anointed and consecrated the tabernacle.  Then Moses offered up a sin offering, a burnt offering, a wave offering, and a ram for ordination for Aaron and his sons.  The ceremony lasted 8 days, which including eating some of the meat and bread from the offerings.


3a)  Believers in Christ

b)  Washed–John 13:10; Hebrews 10:22:  We are cleansed from our sins and guilt.

Dressed–Romans 13:14; Revelation 3:4, 16:15:  Clothed with Christ and his righteousness

Anointed–Isaiah 61:1; 1 Corinthians 12:4-11:  Anointed with the Holy Spirit and able to preach the good news, bind up the broken-hearted, and proclaim freedom from sin for those who believe in Christ.  The Holy Spirit offers up different gifts for the Lord such as wisdom, healing, prophecy, etc to do His work.

4a)  According to Webster’s Dictionary, ordination means “the act or instance of ordaining (to invest officially with ministerial or priestly authority)”.

According to Webster’s Dictionary, consecration means “the act or ceremony of consecrating (to induct a person not a permanent office with a religious rite; to make or declare sacred; to devote irrevocably to the worship of God by a solemn ceremony)”.

b)  It meant to hear the Lord (ear), to do the Lord’s work (thumb), and to walk in the ways of the Lord (toe).  To be different– of God instead of of man–after the ceremony.  The right side was considered the stronger side as most people are right-handed and thus the better side.

c)  Personal Question.  My answer:  Not sure.  I know I fail most days in doing God’s work, but that doesn’t mean I haven’t consecrated it to Him.  It just means I’m human.  So, I’m trying in my walk.

5a)  They sacrificed a bull each day as a sin offering to make atonement.  They purified the altar every day by making atonement for it, and anointing it to consecrate it.  Then the altar and whoever touches it will be holy.

b)  Personal Question.  My answer:  Jesus made the final sacrifice of himself in order to be our High Priest and make us holy before God.  He meets our every need.  My response is eternal gratitude for Christ paying the price for my sins.

Conclusions:  I know BSF’s point is to show how Christ has nulled and voided all of these rituals God’s people were required to perform; hence all of the looking up of New Testament passages.  However, I would have liked to dive deeper into the meanings of these rituals as most of us (including me) really don’t understand the meaning behind them.  I believe understanding what exactly was required of God’s people BEFORE Christ came will give us a deeper appreciation and love of Christ in terms of our living AFTER he came.

End Notes:  With the tabernacle complete, it is now time to follow God’s commands from Exodus 29 and consecrate the priests.  The purpose of the ceremony was to consecrate (set aside) the priests for God’s work.  After Jesus, we too are set aside with the power of the Holy Spirit.

First, the priests had to be cleansed and there is debate about whether this was by full immersion or not. Either way once cleansed, only the feet and hands had to be cleansed henceforth.  We too are washed by the cleansing work of Jesus on the cross.

Second, they were clothed as we are clothed with the righteousness of Jesus through faith.

Third, they were anointed with oil as we are with the Holy Spirit to walk in Him.

After the physical cleansing, next came the spiritual cleansing by the sin offering of the bull and the burnt offering of the ram which took our sins as the substitution.  Finally, a wave or fellowship offering as the priests are now the Lord’s.

Moses took the blood and oil and stained the priests clothes as a reminder of the ceremony, which was to be repeated with all new generations of Aaron’s family.


One thought on “BSF Study Questions The Life of Moses Lesson 15, Day 2: Leviticus 8

  1. On the last lesson, on my opinion BSF should not have been so dogmatic about all the
    angles in Revelations are actual Angels. For the most part they are correct, and in some
    situations there are only one view, but in a situation where there are more than one view I would give the view and not be dogmatic about it. I prayed and ponder over the question with the angel
    having one foot on the sea and one on the land, and the Lord showed me thru the spirit it was
    Jesus. When the teacher said so matter of fact in the lecture that all angels in the book of Revelation are just mere angel’s, I was a little surprised because other reliable biblical
    scholars believe “The Mighty Angel” in Revelation 10:1-4 is Jesus, and so do I ; however, I would not be dogmatic about it and give more view’s and I will explain below.

    In Both Testaments

    The Bible, in both testaments, speaks of this personage called the “angel of the LORD,” the “angel of the Presence” or the “angel, or messenger, of the Covenant.” He appears in many important contexts in Scripture. The manner in which he is described sets him apart from all the other angels.
    This angel in Revelation 10 is distinguished from those four, and from most angels in John’s visions, by being called mighty, or strong. The only “mighty angel” we have met before is the one John had seen in heaven “proclaiming with a loud voice, `Who is worthy to break the seals and open the scroll?'” (Rev 5:2). The mighty angel in the present scene also has “a loud voice” (NASB) like the roar of a lion (Rev 10:3). Moreover, the rainbow above his head (Rev 10:1) recalls the rainbow encircling the throne of God in John’s first glimpse of heaven (Rev 4:3), while the comparison of his face to the sun recalls the angel in John’s introductory vision (Rev 1:16) who identified Himself as the Risen One (Rev 1:17-18).

    The angel of the Lord speaks as God, identifies Himself with God, and exercises the responsibilities of God (Genesis 16:7-12; 21:17-18; 22:11-18; Exodus 3:2; Judges 2:1-4; 5:23; 6:11-24; 13:3-22; 2 Samuel 24:16; Zechariah 1:12; 3:1; 12:8). In several of these appearances, those who saw the angel of the Lord feared for their lives because they had “seen the Lord.” Therefore, it is clear that in at least some instances, the angel of the Lord is a theophany, an appearance of God in physical form.

    Though all the good angels are angels of God, or angels of the Lord, there is one special angel who is distinct and unique from all the other angels, he is called the “angel of the LORD.”

    On a number of occasions in the Old Testament when the angel of the LORD appeared, it seems to be the LORD Himself. The angel has attributes that belong to God and God alone. In addition, He is addressed as the LORD. If this be the case, then He is not a created being, but God Himself who took on angelic form. Though some have thought it to be God the Father, this would more likely be an instance of Jesus Christ, the Second Person of the Trinity, coming to earth for a short time in a human form.

    Other times, however, the angel of the LORD is clearly distinguished from the LORD. On these occasions the angel must be a created being rather than God Himself.
    There are certain clues given in this symbolic book that identify this angel as the
    “Angel of the Lord,” or the “Angel of Yahweh;” the great angel who
    accompanied Israel through their wilderness wanderings. This Angel always appears when
    Israel comes to the forefront of God’s program. That is an indication here to help us
    identify where we are and what is happening at this time.

    This great Angel comes “robed in a cloud.” A cloud is characteristic again of
    the nation Israel. Remember that when Israel was marching through the desert they were
    preceded by a cloud by day and followed by a pillar of fire by night. Actually the same
    cloud came to the rear at night and was lighted from some kind of fire within so that it
    appeared as a glowing, brilliant pillar. Later, when the tabernacle was completed, and
    later still when the temple was built, this same cloud came down and filled the Holy of
    Holies. It was called the Shekinah, the cloud of glory, an indication of the presence of
    God. So right from the start we have a clue that identifies this Angel as the Lord
    himself, Jesus, God the Son, appearing as the Angel of Jehovah.

    Then we learn he has a rainbow above his head. We last saw a rainbow in Chapter 4 of this
    book, around the throne of God. The Angel’s face, we are told, was “like the
    sun,” and “his legs [actually, the word is feet] were like fiery pillars.”
    That takes us back to Chapter 1 where John saw the vision of Jesus standing amid the
    churches. John describes his face as shining like the sun and his feet were like
    burnished, glowing bronze. Here, as John watched, he saw the Angel plant one foot upon
    the land and the other upon the sea, so that he stood astride the earth as a giant
    colossus. This symbolizes, of course, his ownership of the entire earth. Here is the
    rightful owner of earth, standing like a great colossus, claiming the earth for himself.
    The last clue is that he “roared like a lion.” This goes back to the scene in
    Chapter 4 where we saw the slain Lamb who is also the Lion of the tribe of Judah. He
    roars in triumph over the earth. So once again we have indications that Israel is coming
    into view again as God’s people whom he desires to use in a special way throughout the
    period of judgment of the last days and to continue on into the establishment of the
    kingdom after the return of Jesus.

    This scene must have been a great encouragement to John. It is also to us because it
    helps us see that all these cosmic events affecting earth are still under the firm
    control of the Angel of God. He is working out everything that happens on his own

    Three Possibilities:

    Three major views have been put forth as to the exact identity of the angel of the LORD.

    1. A mighty angel who acted as the special representative of the LORD.

    2. God the Father assuming a human body.

    3. God the Son, taking a body for a short period of time.

    Each of these three views has its supporters. To determine which view best fits the evidence, we will consider some of the major appearances of the angel of the LORD and make some observations about those appearances.

    To Hagar
    The first recorded appearance of the angel of the LORD was to Hagar, Abraham’s mistress, and the mother of his son Ishmael.

    The angel of the LORD also said to her, “I will so greatly multiply your offspring that they cannot be counted for multitude” (Genesis 16:10).

    This angel said He Himself would multiply the descendants of Hagar.

    After the appearance of the angel of the LORD Hagar said.

    She gave this name to the LORD who spoke to her: “You are the God who sees me,” for she said, “I have now seen the One who sees me” (Genesis 16:13).

    She believed that she had spoken directly to God.

    To Abraham And Sarah At Mamre

    Three men appeared to Abraham and his wife Sarah at the plains of Mamre. They had come to inform Abraham and Sarah concerning two matters. The son that God had promised them would be born to Abraham and Sarah the next year, and the evil cities of Sodom and Gomorrah would be destroyed. One of the three visitors who gave them this information is specifically called the LORD.

    The LORD appeared to Abraham by the oaks of Mamre, as he sat at the entrance of his tent in the heat of the day (Genesis 18:1).

    To Abraham On Mount Moriah

    God told Abraham to bring his son Isaac to Mount Moriah to be sacrificed. Abraham obeyed and was about to take Isaac’s life when God intervened. The angel of the LORD stopped Abraham saying:

    He said, “Do not lay your hand on the boy or do anything to him; for now I know that you fear God, since you have not withheld your son, your only son, from me” (Genesis 22:12).

    He called a second time to Abraham:

    The angel of the LORD called to Abraham a second time from heaven (Genesis 22:15).

    In this instance the angel of the LORD, who called out to Abraham, seems to be the LORD Himself.

    To Jacob
    This angel appeared a number of times to Jacob.

    Then the angel of God said to me in the dream, ‘Jacob,’ and I said, ‘Here I am’ (Genesis 31:11).

    Jacob wrestled all night with a man who finally disabled him. The next morning Jacob understood that it was God Himself whom he had wrestled:

    And Jacob called the name of the place Peniel: for I have seen God face to face, and my life is preserved (Genesis 32:30).

    At the end of his life, Jacob spoke of God, and the angel of the LORD, as identical.

    the Angel who has delivered me from all harm – may He bless these boys. May they be called by my name and the names of my fathers Abraham and Isaac, and may they increase greatly upon the earth (Genesis 48:16).

    Moses And The Burning Bush
    The angel of the LORD appeared to Moses in the burning bush.

    There the angel of the LORD appeared to him in flames of fire from within a bush. Moses saw that though the bush was on fire it did not burn up (Exodus 3: 2).

    The angel explained who He was.

    He said further, “I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.” And Moses hid his face, for he was afraid to look at God (Exodus 3:6).

    The martyr Stephen emphasized this special event.

    And after forty years had passed, an angel appeared to him in the wilderness of Mount Sinai, in the flame of a burning thorn bush (Acts 7:30).

    God’s Promise
    God promised to send His angel ahead of the children of Israel.
    I am going to send an angel in front of you, to guard you on the way and to bring you to the place that I have prepared. Be attentive to him and listen to his voice; do not rebel against him, for he will not pardon your transgression; for my name is in him. But if you listen attentively to his voice and do all that I say, then I will be an enemy to your enemies and a foe to your foes. When my angel goes in front of you, and brings you to the Amorites, the Hittites, the Perizzites, the Canaanites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites, and I blot them out (Exodus 23:20-23).

    The Israelites were told that they must obey this angel because the name of the LORD was in him. Since God would never share His name with any created being, this angel must be God Himself. Isaiah the prophet wrote.

    I am the LORD, that is My name; My glory I give to no other, nor My praise to idols (Isaiah 42:8).

    Since God will not share His name or glory with anyone else, this angel must be God.

    An imposing personage appeared to Joshua.

    when Joshua was by Jericho, that he lifted up his eyes and looked, and behold, a man was standing opposite him with his sword drawn in his hand, and Joshua went to him and said to him, “Are you for us or for our adversaries?” And he said, “No, rather I indeed come now as captain of the host of the LORD.” And Joshua fell on his face to the earth, and bowed down, and said to him, “What has my lord to say to his servant?” And the captain of the LORD’s host said to Joshua, “Remove your sandals from your feet, for the place where you are standing is holy.” And Joshua did so (Joshua 5:13-15).

    Having Joshua immediately remove his sandals reminds one of the LORD telling Moses to remove his sandals in God’s presence at the burning bush.

    Gideon was a man who was called by God to raise an army to defeat the innumerable Midianites. Because Gideon was a timid person, God paid him a visit to assure him that all would go well. After the encounter Gideon exclaimed:

    Then Gideon perceived that it was the angel of the LORD; and Gideon said, “Help me, Lord GOD! For I have seen the angel of the LORD face to face.” But the LORD said to him, “Peace be to you; do not fear, you shall not die” (Judges 6:22).

    If it was only an angel, and not God, that Gideon saw, then why was he afraid for his life?

    Samson’s Parents
    The angel of the LORD appeared to a Hebrew woman to announce the birth of a son, Samson. He was to deliver the people of Israel from their enemies.

    The angel of the LORD did not appear again to Manoah and his wife. Then Manoah realized that it was the angel of the LORD. And Manoah said to his wife, “We shall surely die, for we have seen God” (Judges 13:21,22).

    They identified the angel of the LORD with God Himself.

    Other Appearances:
    Although these appearances identify the angel of the LORD with the LORD Himself, there are other appearances of the angel of the LORD where he is distinguished from God.

    When the angel stretched out his hand to destroy Jerusalem, the LORD was grieved because of the calamity and said to the angel who was afflicting the people, “Enough! Withdraw your hand.” The angel of the LORD was then at the threshing floor of Araunah the Jebusite (2 Samuel 24:16).

    Then they spoke to the angel of the LORD who was standing among the myrtle trees, “We have patrolled the earth, and lo, the whole earth remains at peace.” Then the angel of the LORD said, “O LORD of hosts, how long will you withhold mercy from Jerusalem and the cities of Judah, with which you have been angry these seventy years?” Then the LORD replied with gracious and comforting words to the angel who talked with Me (Zechariah 1:11-13).

    Case For A Theophany:
    The case for the angel of the LORD being a theophany, a temporary appearance of God in a body, is as follows.

    1. Identified With God-In some contexts, the angel of the LORD is identified with God.

    2. Power To Give Life-The angel of the LORD is said to have power to give life (Genesis 16:10). Only God has this power.

    3. All-Knowing-The quality of omniscience, or knowing everything, is attributed to the angel of the LORD (Genesis 16:13; Exodus 3:7).

    4. Judge The Earth-The angel of the LORD is called the “Judge of all the earth” (Genesis 18:25). This is a title that belongs to God alone.

    5. Forgive Sin-The Bible says that only God can forgive sin. I, I am He who blots out your transgressions for My own sake, and I will not remember your sins (Isaiah 43:25). Yet the angel of the LORD had authority to forgive sins (Exodus 23:21).

    6. Receive Worship-Worship belongs to God and Him alone. Yet the angel of the LORD was worshipped by Moses and Joshua.

    God In Human Flesh:
    The evidence from these appearances seems clear. At certain times in the past God took upon Himself a human form to appear to people as the angel of the LORD. Though we do not know exactly which member of the Trinity is in view, the most likely candidate would be God the Son.

    Other Occasions:
    Though the angel of the LORD is sometimes identified with the LORD Himself, there are other times when they are distinguished. Therefore we can conclude that on some occasions the angel of the LORD was God Himself, while at other times he was merely a messenger sent from the LORD.

    Context Must Determine:
    The context must determine the identity of the angel of the LORD. If the angel of the LORD was, in some instances, Jesus Christ coming in a temporary body, then the term angel stresses the basic meaning of the word – one sent. God the Son was sent by God the Father. Therefore the word “angel” in that context would be referring to the office of the One sent-a messenger.

    This is in keeping with nature of the mission of Jesus Christ – He is the one whom the Father has sent. I am One who bears witness of Myself, and the Father who sent Me bears witness of Me (John 8:18).

    If, however, it is one of the angelic host who is referred to as the angel of the LORD, then it is the nature of the being that is being stressed – one of the heavenly host, a created spirit-being.


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