Summary of passage: After atoning for the Most Holy Place, the Tent of Meeting, and the altar, Aaron shall bring in the goat and lay all of the sins of the people on its head and send it out into the desert. Then Aaron is to take off his clean garments and leave them in the Most Holy Place, bathe himself, and put back on his regular garments. Then he will sacrifice up the burnt offering for himself and the people and the sin offering. The man who led the goat into the desert must wash his clothes and bathe before returning. The bull and the goat are to be burnt up and the man who burns them is to bathe and wash his clothes as well.
9a) Aaron lays both hands on the head of the live goat and confesses over it all the wickedness and rebellion of the Israelites–all their sins–to put them on the goat. Then he sends the goat out into the desert.
b) Jesus took upon himself all of our sins and carried them away as well except he made it permanent with his blood. Hebrews tells us that just as Jesus was sacrificed outside the city walls, the goat was sent away to make the people holy.
10a) Then Aaron is to go the Tent of Meeting and take off the linen garments he put on before he entered the Most Holy Place and leave the clothes there. Then he was to bathe himself and put on his old garments. Then he was to sacrifice the burnt offering and the sin offering.
b) The burnt offering made atonement for himself and the people and the fat of the sin offering. This was in accordance with the normal sin offering which was offered on regular days as well–nothing special here (Leviticus 4:8-12 , 8:14-17).
Conclusions: Lots of copying out the passage here. Not sure why the huge focus here except to say how Jesus was the goats here and emphasize the comparison. Basically, how the High Priest of the Old Testament compares to the High Priest of the New Testament–Jesus Christ.
End Notes: Note how the goat was still alive, bearing the people’s sins so the people’s sins were never really buried or eliminated.
Christ is also the High Priest. Two goats represent Jesus as well–one that dies for our sins and the second goat which remains alive that takes away our sins so that we can live.
Some scholars say the High Priest entering into the Most Holy Place represents us entering into heaven that Christ paved for us to do. The High Priest comes out again as does Jesus who forever lives.