Summary of passage: God has preserved a remnant by grace alone. Sadly, a lot of Jews did not accept Jesus. Hence, God turned to the Gentiles, allowed them to be a part of the remnant by grace in hopes of saving His people (the Jews) for eternity. Once the Gentiles have come to God, all of Israel will be saved as well.
8 ) God sent Jesus to save His people, the Jews, first and then He opened it up to the Gentiles–mainly to make the Jews jealous so all Jews will accept Christ.
9a) The root is the Jews. The broken branches and wild shoot are the Gentiles.
b) Even those who fall, reject Him, and would otherwise be cut off, God grafts them in again. He gives them chances to come to Him again and repent. He provides the way–Jesus.
10) Personal Question. My answer: By offering me the will to believe and accept Jesus. I try to lead the life He has for me.
Conclusions: Good study on history of Jews. I remember when we studied Isaiah how important the Jews are to God. They will always be first in His heart and He will always be striving to save all of them. As a Gentile, it gives me more humbleness and awe that I’m included in His plan.
I can see how it would be extremely difficult for first century Jews to accept Jesus. For millennium, it had always been them and God. Even though He promised a Savior, they envisioned a ruler–not God’s son. For us, it’s a bit easier to accept; we haven’t lived our own life with only God as their guide.
This lesson compliments yesterday’s lesson nicely. Yesterday, we see Peter converting the first Jews to Jesus and promising the Holy Spirit for all whom God calls. Today, we see Paul explain why God has called the Gentiles and how they receive God’s Spirit as well.
End Notes: Because the Jews rejected Jesus (not all but a vast majority), it caused the word to go out to the Gentiles and open that pathway. Had the Jews accepted Jesus as the Savior, perhaps they would have remained as they had in OT days: a nation apart and everyone else infidels.
Instead of making Israel jealous, Christians treated them with malice, scorn, jealousy, and persecution.
Israel is the roots, the base, the support, the foundation of the branches, the Gentiles.
Once all the Gentiles are brought in, Israel as a nation will accept Jesus (there will always be individuals whose hard is hardened and will not heed God’s call–both Jew and Gentile). This is a sign of the End Times. Israel will be converted en masse before Jesus’ Second Coming (Matthew 23:39, Zechariah 12:10-11).
God’s call is irrevocable. He will not give up nor leave behind His people (both Jews and Gentiles).
Once again, the evidence there is only one God is overwhelming. Man couldn’t possibly have thought up Israel, the church, Jesus, etc. It is all by Him and for Him and Paul praises God’s omniscience here.