Summary of passage: Another angel robed in a cloud came down from heaven holding a little scroll. He shouted and the voices of the 7 thunders spoke. John was told not to write down what the thunders said. He said when the 7th angel sounds his trumpet, the mystery of God will be accomplished. John was told to take the scroll and eat it, which he did and he would prophesy again about the future.
3a) John saw another mighty angel coming down from heaven. The angel was robed in a cloud with a rainbow above his head. His face was like the sun and his legs were like fiery pillars. He was holding an open little scroll. He planted his right foot on the sea and his left foot on the land and shouted. Then the voices of the 7 thunders spoke. A voice from heaven told John not to write down what the thunders said.
b) “By him who lives for ever and ever, who created the heavens and all that is in them, the earth and all that is in it and the sea and all that is in it.” God.
4a) To show dominion over all of the earth.
b) God or God about to speak and reveal something all should hear.
c) Its contents seem sweet but once eaten and digested its contents are actually bitter. Something sounds like a good idea at the time until it has bad consequences. It’s the saying “The road to hell is paved with good intentions.” It’s judgment with mercy. Sour consequences, sweet grace.
5) Personal Question. My answer: Details of the End Times. The Great Tribulation. The remnant. The different judgments. God’s grace in giving all chances to come to Him. How to live “hot” for Jesus and love others more. 1 Corinthians speaks of how we will all be changed at the Second Coming and risen forever by Jesus’ side. Ephesians and Colossians says how both Gentiles and Israel share in God’s promise in Jesus.
Conclusions: Question 3 is merely copying the text. Good lesson on text. Wanted more analysis of who the angel is, the scroll, and the mystery of God. See End Notes for further debate.
End Notes: Instead of the 7th trumpet, we have another interruption. Emphasis is on repentance before the final judgment.
Who is the angel? Some say Jesus as Revelation 1:14-16 describe him similarly as here. Some say the angel is Michael as the description is similar in Daniel 12:1 and 12:6-7. Most likely it’s an angel as Christ is not an angel and is greater than angels (Hebrews 1). Scholars argue if it was Christ, John would have identified him as such.
Regardless, the angel is sent by God on His authority to carry out judgment on mankind according to God’s word and covenant.
The rainbow is God’s promise and first recorded covenant by God to man given to Noah after the great flood that God would never flood the world again. It’s also what happens when sunlight shines through clouds.
Is the little book the same as Jesus’s scroll in Revelation 5? Maybe if the angel is Jesus. But probably not because the Greek words are clearly different. Plus, Jesus’s scroll was meant to be read. This scroll was meant to be eaten. Two very different purposes.
Some scholars say the scroll is the Book of Revelation. Some say it’s the title deed to the earth.
Foot on sea and land: also indicative of size and scope–this coming will entail all of Creation.
Thunder is the voice of God (Psalm 29). “The glory of God thunders.”
Clouds symbolize judgment in the Scriptures (Revelation 1:7; Jeremiah 4:13; Ezekiel 30:3)
God does not reveal all and John makes that abundantly clear when God tells John not to record things. Most likely the 7 thunders are similar to the 7 seals and 7 trumpets and contain judgments, but we shall never know until the Time arrives.
What is the “mystery of God”? Well, that’s the point. It’s a mystery. Known but not revealed. This phrase is used to mean many different things in the Bible with relation to the Jews, the Gentiles, His purpose, the church, the gospel, and the Holy Spirit (Romans 11:25; Ephesians 3:3-11; Colossians 1:27-2:3; 4:3).
In apocalyptic writings, mysteries were secrets preserved in heaven and revealed to the apocalyptist. Some say the specific mystery here is Revelation 11:15: that God will win the victory over the forces of evil and will reign forever.
We do know when this mystery will happen: when the 7th angel blows his trumpet and unleashes the 7th judgment. We see this in Daniel 12:7 and Revelation 10:5-7.
Taken together Daniel and Revelation speak of the same event. Some scholars say God’s wrath here is against the Jewish nation and that the locusts in Revelation 9 is the Roman Empire and hence the mystery God revealed to the prophets (Daniel) will be fulfilled.
Taking of the book shows John must choose to receive the revelation of God and Christ. Only after having taken it in could its contents be revealed.
In Ezekiel 3:1-3, the prophet was also commanded to eat a scroll, the revelation of God to Israel. Eating of the scroll is being ready to prophesy God’s message. God’s word is sweet (same in Ezekiel) but the judgments are bitter.
Some say the bitterness is the faithful in the last days of judgment.
It is made clear here that God’s prophecies are for all “peoples, nations, languages, and king” not just the Roman Empire. This will begin in Revelation 12. Scholars say the first part of the Revelation judgments is against Israel and now they will turn to the rest of the world.
SUMMARY OF REVELATION SO FAR: Revelation 6 says there would be partial judgments culminating with final judgment against a nation. Revelation 7 says that these judgments would not take place until the people of God were sealed. Though Christians would die, they are pictured safe in Christ. Revelation 8-9 shows the partial judgments occurring against the Jewish nation from 66-69 AD. However, the people did not repent and the nations who saw these judgments did not repent. Therefore, we have seen this mighty angel declare that there will no longer be delay (Revelation 10). The final judgment of shattering the nation will take place in the days when the seventh angel blows his trumpet (which we’ll see in Revelation 11). Summarized from HERE
Lessons Learned from Revelation 10:
- God keeps His promises in His time. From Moses to Paul, God will keep His word of mercy and judgment.
- God’s Word is as sweet as honey. There should be nothing more sweet to us than His word.