BSF Study Questions Revelation Lesson 20, Day 2: Revelation 15:1-4

Summary of passage:  John saw 7 angels with 7 last plagues, having God’s wrath completed.  Standing around a sea of glass were the victorious over the beast and they sang the song of Moses and of the Lamb to God, praising Him.


3)  John saw a sea of glass with fire and saw those victorious over the beast standing beside the sea.  They held harps and sang the song of Moses and the Lamb.

4)  God does great and marvelous deeds.  Just and true are His ways.  He is King of the ages (forever).  He alone is holy.  All nations will come and worship Him and His righteous acts.

5)  Personal Question.  My answer:  Praise Him for His faithfulness, His absolute control over my life and this world, His love for me and those I love, and for His Son, Jesus, who He sacrificed so I could be with Him forever.

Conclusions:  Straight-forward questions re-stating the passage.  Love again how in heaven God is praised continually.

End Notes:  Revelation 14 we saw the blunt of God’s fury with unbelievers.  Now John will step back to the throne room in heaven and detail the judgments, the preparations before Chapter 16’s judgments.  This is very common in prophetic literature–Saying what will happen and then pausing to describe it more.

These angels we see again in Chapter 16.  The 7 angels hold 7 bowls with 7 plagues, one in each bowl which will be poured out on the earth.  These are the last judgments, completing God’s wrath.

We see 7 plagues in Leviticus 26:21.

The Greek word for wrath used here (thymus) is a burning passionate anger as we saw in Revelation 14:10.  The Greek word urge (a more mild form of anger) is the more common word for God’s anger in the New Testament.  Thymos is used only 11 times, and 10 of which are in Revelation.  Wouldn’t it make sense when God is angry against those who are rejecting His only Son?

The Greek word for complete (etelesthe) in verse 1 means to reach an aim.

We’ve seen this sea before in Chapter 4 of Revelation but this time it has fire mixed with it, which scholars say speaks to divine judgment.

Allusions to Exodus are all over this chapter.  Some say the red of the fire speaks to the Red Sea.  We see plagues, the songs of Moses, the tabernacle, and God’s glory in a cloud.  This is the ultimate Exodus:  the freeing of God’s people from sin in the world.

Those who are standing over the beast are the martyrs from Revelation 7:9-17–the 144,000 and from chapter 14.  We are still in the Tribulation here; it is not over.  The bowl judgments are yet to come (Chapter 16).  However, they are victorious because they have been faithful–this is NOT a military victory.  This is a victory of faith.

This is another example of prophetic certainty.  The beast is defeated although it hasn’t happened yet.  What would happen if we truly embraced that truth in our lives?

Many scholars believe the sea of glass represents God’s word, connecting to the tabernacle and baptism.  This would mean the martyrs are standing on God’s word.

The harps were given to the 24 elders in Revelation 5:8.  Now the martyrs have harps as well to praise God with!

This is ONE song sung with TWO names:  The song of Moses and the song of the Lamb.  The Old Covenant and the New Covenant, the law and the love.

In this song we see God’s:  works, ways, worthiness, and worship.  The song is all about God–note only the pronouns you and your are used.


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