Summary of passages: Romans 1:18-32: God is revealing His wrath against mankind. God’s nature has been clear since creation, giving man no excuse not to know Him. Man chose to worship idols and so God gave man over to his sinful nature including lust and unnatural relations with one another, evil, wickedness, depravity, greed, slanderers, God-haters, etc.
Romans 3:10-20: Paul says no one is righteous on their own.
5a) Part personal Question. My answer: The natural traits are sinful: wickedness, idol worshipers, lustful, evil, greedy, deceitful, malicious, slanderers, God-haters, ruthless, faithless, heartless, etc. It’s always a struggle to overcome sin and these sins pop up throughout life.
b) God’s wrath and death because man is a sinner against God.
6) Part personal Question. My answer: All sin prompts the wrath of God. Mine would be jealousy, meanness, spiteful, vengeful, and probably every other sin.
7) Because no one wants to think they are wrong and they have to pay consequences for their actions. People want to do whatever they want to do and are inherently selfish and ambivalent towards others.
Conclusions: Struggled with this lesson. Questions broad and intuitive. Lesson 20 Day 5 led into this lesson.
End Notes: Romans 1:18-32: The wrath of God is not human anger. The wrath of God is righteous and is against that which has twisted God’s holiness.
Man has suppressed the truth of God and twisted it. We have become fools with dark hearts.
“God gave them over” is repeated three times here. Basically, God lets us do what we want to do–which is sin. How tragic! It is God’s wrath that allows us to sin, not God’s mercy or grace.
The lie is the lie that we are God.
Paul is writing this from the city of Corinth, known for its sexual immorality and pagan prostitution in the temples. Surgeon refused to read this passage out loud, so horrible did he think the sins were. Here is homosexuality condemned for both men and women. Paul uses the Greek words for male and female to show just how outside human relations these acts are.
In Rome, homosexuality was rampant and most emperors and Roman citizens (those with money) used boys in this way. The penalty will come.
“Depraved” mind used to read “reprobate” or “debased”. It meant those that did not stand the test and were therefore rejected.
Actions and thoughts commit sins. All deserve death.
Romans 3:10-20: Here, Paul explains through Psalms our complete inability to save ourselves. No one is righteous and not one seeks God–man seeks himself. Every part of man is guilty and no one fears God. The law cannot save man; the law only gives man the knowledge of sin.
Historical Note: It’s interesting to see how some of the giants of theology were transformed by this passage in Romans. Augustine, Martin Luther, John Calvin, and John Wesley all credit Romans (Paul) with their salvation and their grasp of God.