Summary of passage: Once Judas leaves, Jesus’ death is cemented. He declares now the Son of Man and God are glorified. He tells his disciples they cannot go with him. He commands them to love one another as he has loved them.
3) He speaks of being glorified by his death and resurrection and the results: all those who believe in him will go to heaven with the Father. Many today think if people idolize you or you did something big you will gain fame and fortune. In reality, no one cares. All that really matters is the glory we will receive in heaven from knowing and believing in Christ.
4a) Jesus tells them to love one another as he has loved them. This is different than love one as you’d love yourself because the love of Jesus is infinitely more. Also, this is directed to loving the disciples. We extrapolate this to loving fellow Christians. Difference is explained in the End Notes.
b) John 15:9-12: If you love one another as God and Jesus love you, you will remain in Jesus’ love and have complete joy.
1 John 2:9-11: If you hate, you live in the darkness and do not know where you are going because you are blinded. If you love your brother, you live in the light and nothing will make you stumble.
1 John 3:16-18: Jesus loved us enough to die for us and so must we love others. We must have pity on those in need.
5) Personal Question. My answer: My immediate family.
Conclusions: I liked 4b the best. John’s further explanations of the love of Jesus help to give us concrete ideas to know more what the love of Christ looks like.
End Notes: The cross in Roman times meant humiliation, condemnation, and death. Jesus here is pointing out it means glory for him. By dying, we see the heart of Jesus and his love. We know him. By knowing him, he is glorified.
Fun Fact: Jesus says “glory” 5 times here in 2 verses.
Fun Fact: This is the only place in the Gospels Jesus calls his disciples “little children” or “my children”. This is in the sense of how we are all God’s children.
Note how Judas is absent during these most intimate words of Jesus. These words are for those with God’s heart.
The Greek word for “new” here means freshness. The command is not new (in fact it’s been around since Moses. See Leviticus 19:18) as in just invented but is seen in a different, fresh way.
Spurgeon points out the difference between this command and the one in Mark 12:31 BSF had us read: “We are to love our neighbor as ourselves, but we are to love our fellow-Christians as, Christ loved us, and that is far more than we love ourselves.”
Jesus is defining love from his example, not as we humans often view it.
Jesus said that love is now the distinguishing mark of his disciples and of all of Christ’s followers. It wasn’t that love for the outside world was not important or relevant, but it wasn’t first. There are other measures of discipleship, but they come after this mark.
Our standard is now Christ’s love for us.