Summary of passage: Obey Jesus out of love for him. The Father will send us the Spirit of Truth (Holy Spirit) to be with us and in us and we will live. Whoever obeys God’s commands loves God and will be loved by God and Jesus. The Holy Spirit will teach you all things and will remind you of everything Jesus has said.
6) Counselor, Spirit of Truth, and Holy Spirit.
7) The Holy Spirit is a teacher who “will teach you all things and remind you of everything.” The Counselor will be in you always and will be with you always. You will know him.
8 ) Part personal Question. My answer: Love is obeying Jesus’ commands. Well, we have to learn Jesus’ commands in order to obey them. Hence, we study the Bible to know what those commands are so we can obey. The Holy Spirit helps us to understand God’s commands. As we obey and understand God’s commands, we love Him more. I feel like I hear God more, but it’s never any easier I feel to obey what He says. I know what I’m supposed to be doing, but I’m in a stop-gap where I’m trying to earn money for my family to pay our bills. So it’s quite a quandary.
Conclusions: Again, like yesterday, I feel I’m not much help with these questions.
End Notes: This is the first in a series of important passages about the Holy Spirit since Jesus has not mentioned it before.
Love is not just an emotion or a feeling. Jesus says love is an action, doing, keeping his commandments. This shows you love him. Love, like faith, cannot be separated from obedience. You don’t have to enter a convent and give up everything. It’s simple.
Here is the 2nd Assurance: Jesus will ask the Father to send the Holy Spirit to help believers.
“Counselor” is the ancient Greek word parakletos. The idea is someone called to help someone else or it could be an advisor, a legal defender, a mediator, or an intercessor. It’s often translated as “Comforter” which comes from the Old English and Latin.
The devil is the accuser. Hence, “Helper” for the Holy Spirit.
“Another” means in the same kind. So the Counselor is in the same kind as Jesus and the Father and hence, the Trinity. Besides Jesus in essence.
The Holy Spirit will not be temporary–he will be with us “forever.”
The Spirit is characterized by truth in essence and action. He brings people to the truth of God. All three persons of the Trinity are linked with truth. The world takes no notice of the Spirit of God.
The Holy Spirit was already with the disciples (Jesus) but it would be in them (John 20:22). Acts 1:8 tells us the disciples will receive power when they receive the Holy Spirit.
The Holy Spirit eliminates the distance between Jesus and ourselves.
Jesus’ 3rd assurance: He will not leave them as orphans, but will come to them. To the Hebrews, the disciples of a particular teacher called him father; his scholars were called his children, and, on his death, the disciples were considered orphans.
Jesus repeats this promise from 14:3 and fulfills it when he rises again after the cross.
Because Jesus lives is the only reason we still live. The Holy Spirit allows us a union with God here on earth.
Jesus says the world won’t see him so Judas naturally wonders why not and how will he do this.
Judas is called ‘Judas of James’ in Luke 6:16 and Acts 1:13 or brother of James or son of James. He seems to be identical with the Thaddaeus of Matthew 10:3 and Mark 3:18. Some of the apostles were known by more than one name.
We know in John 13:30 that Judas Iscariot is not there, but these words are added by John to make it clear since he is now a traitor.
Jesus repeats himself again to Judas, emphasizing love, obedience, and union with the Father and the Son through the Holy Spirit. He repeats his 2nd assurance, emphasizing how God will send the Spirit in the Son’s name–the Trinity.
God the Father sends God the Holy Spirit at the request of God the Son. Beautiful! Both are involved in the sending.
Their work will continue through the power of the Holy Spirit. This is a general promise to us today if we listen carefully enough but specifically to the disciples who were commissioned to spread the Word, establish the early church, and to write the Word for all of us (the Bible).