Summary of passage: When you don’t repent, you are storing up wrath on the day of judgment. God will give to each person according to what he has done. Eternal life, honor, peace, and glory to those who do good. Wrath and anger, trouble and distress to evil-doers. All will be judged. Those who obey the law will be declared righteous on the Day of Judgment by Christ.
6) Part personal Question. My answer: God’s wrath. Good and treasures in heaven I hope.
7a) Eternal life, honor, peace, and glory to those who do good. Wrath and anger, trouble and distress to evil-doers.
b) Personal Question. My answer: I hope goodness.
8 ) Jesus Christ.
Conclusions: Terse answers on the personal questions. It’s hard to judge oneself. In my eyes and from my limited perspective, I’m doing good. I’m sure I’m failing though in places in God’s eyes. The questions would better be worded, “What would a friend say about your heart attitude and storing up for God?” Or even better if we were asked to pray about what God sees in us and have Him reveal it to us.
End Notes: Those who condemn sinners are storing up the wrath of God, not merits. God is the only one who can grant eternal life because none of us are good all the time. Sin stains us.
Jews are first in line for the gospel (Romans 1:16), first in line for reward (Romans 2:10), and first in line for judgment.
The word indignation comes from the idea of “boiling up,” thus having the sense of a passionate outburst. The word wrath comes from the idea of a swelling which eventually bursts, and applies more to an anger that proceeds from one’s settled nature.
Paul is emphasizing how people are saved by faith not by deeds and if one “persists in doing good” this is proof of genuine faith.
All are equal in God’s eyes. The word translated partiality in some translations comes from two ancient Greek words put together – to receive and face. It means to judge things on the basis of externals or preconceived notions.
“All who sin apart from the law” refers to the Gentiles. God judges according to the light available to them. Gentiles will not be condemned for not obeying a law they did not possess. Their judgement will be on other grounds.
Some ancient rabbis taught that God favored the Jews. Paul refutes this.
All that matters is if you’ve obeyed the law. Hearing the law or knowing the law is not good enough.
Paul clarifies that even if you haven’t heard the law per se, you can be condemned unless you follow the law written on your heart (law for themselves or conscience, which is the law abiding in their hearts). By nature, man has morals. But this is not a substitute for God’s laws.
Your conscious is your morals but everyone’s conscious is different and it can become corrupted. You still need to follow the law to gain righteousness. Conscious (like God) can still be ignored.
You still will be judged since all of us have a conscious. No one escapes. Ignorance is not an excuse. Jesus is the judge to whom we will all be accountable. The Jews believe God is the one who will deliver final judgement on the world.