Summary of passage: God granted us redemption through Jesus’s death on the cross through his blood in order to demonstrate his justice.
11) It’s the utter test of belief in God. Do you believe in His Son? Yes or no. This is just. If not, hell. If yes, eternity. This is as clear-cut as justice gets. Paul answers this question in 2 Corinthians 5:21 “God made him (Jesus) who had no sin to be sin for us, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God.”
12) Personal Question. My answer: Because I have faith in Jesus who justified all believers by taking our sins upon himself, absolving me of sin, releasing me of its penalty, and restoring me as righteous with God. Share it with all.
Conclusions: Let’s not forget that just because we are free from sin and the penalty of sin that we’re free to do anything we wish. On the contrary, it is our obligation and responsibility to live as righteous people, devoted to the service of what God declares to be right.
End Notes: These are yesterday’s End Notes since it covers the same passage.
Christ was our substitute sacrifice/atonement/propitiation so God could demonstrate His righteousness in judgment. Propitiation is in all cultures. It’s the act of appeasing the gods and the gods’s anger against mankind through a sacrifice of some kind. Aztecs, Mayas, Greeks, Romans, Egyptians, Native Americans, etc.
The ancient Greek word for propitiation (hilasterion) is also used in the Septuagint for the mercy seat, the lid covering the Ark of the Covenant, upon which sacrificial blood was sprinkled as an atonement for sin. While it might be said that this passage means “Jesus is our mercy seat,” it probably has the more straightforward idea of propitiation – a substitute sacrifice.
Inside the Ark of the Covenant was the evidence of man’s great sin: the tablets of law; the manna received ungratefully; the budded rod of Aaron, showing man’s rejection of God’s leadership. The Ark was decorated with golden cherubim as symbols of God’s holy presence. In between the cherubim stood the mercy seat, and as sacrificial blood was sprinkled on the mercy seat on the Day of Atonement (Leviticus 16), God’s wrath was averted because a substitute had been slain on behalf of sinners coming by faith. Jesus is our “mercy seat,” standing between guilty sinners and the holiness of God.
God willingly gives His Son. He wants us with Him!
God no longer passed over sin with the temporary OT sacrifice of animal blood. He freed us forever from sin with Jesus’s sacrifice. Jesus paid the price.
At the cross, God demonstrated His righteousness by offering man justification (a legal verdict of “not guilty”), while remaining completely just (because the righteous penalty of sin had been paid at the cross).
Clarke states: God “Of his justice, in requiring a sacrifice, and absolutely refusing to give salvation to a lost world in any other way; and of his mercy, in providing the sacrifice which his justice required.”
Concluding Note to Lesson 5: Paul opens with one of the darkest summaries in the Bible: “There is no one righteous, not even one.” (Romans 3:10 and echoing the OT from Ecclesiastes 7:20). But there is hope: Christ. Verses 21-31 is a compact expression of the core message of the gospel. God is so, so good!