Summary of passage: God is the God of everyone.
8 ) Gentiles are everyone who is not a Jew. Because the Jewish rabbis had taught for generations that the Jewish people is special since they were chosen by God to be the bearer of faith and the keep of God’s laws. They believed they were superior to others because they did believe in the One, True God in a world dominated by pagans.
9) All throughout history people believed in the afterlife and in various gods. Many think if they are good people they will get to heaven. Many people worship other gods. Many don’t even think.
10) Personal Question. My answer: Easy: There are not many ways to God. It’s only Jesus. The entire Bible says so. Graciously? Unsure. You can’t convince someone with a hard heart to God to soften. All you can do is speak the Truth. God will (or will not) do the rest in His power.
Conclusions: Question 8 is repetitive. We’ve already studied why the Jews thought they were special. Again, nit-picking this passage about only one way to heaven. All Christians know this and accept this (or they’re not Christians). We all know how others think. What is the value in discussing it? I would rather meditate on how much God loves me, the sinner, than waste time debating the fallacies of others.
End Notes: God is the God of all and He justifies all the same–through faith.