Summary of passage: We have peace with God because of faith that grants us justification. We rejoice in the hope of God’s glory!
3) The best way to think of this is to think of the opposite: war with God. Peace is a relationship of harmony, calmness, and love. War is antagonistic, belligerent, angry, and on edge. The only way to peace is Jesus Christ. Feelings come and go; they waver. They ebb and flow. Highs and lows. God’s peace is steady, constant, and omnipresent. It transcends time. Deep within nothing else matters.
This is not subjective but objective. It’s a new relationship with God.
4) Part personal Question. My answer: Through Jesus you have access to God, the Father. As the writer of Hebrews states, we are able to approach the throne of grace with confidence and receiver mercy and grace to help us in our time of need. We should be grateful for Jesus. We should shine light/him wherever we go. We should be confident in what God is asking of us in our life. God should be the center of all that we do.
5) Personal Question. My answer: Circumstances don’t matter. Only God matters. We know where our home is so if we kept that in mind what happens on this side of heaven is nothing in comparison. All our troubles should fade away and with God as our center they will. A work in progress indeed!
Conclusions: With only two verses we should expect personal questions. Furthermore, Paul is continuing from Chapter 4 with a summary so there’s not a lot new here.
End Notes: Paul is going to launch into the benefits of being justified by grace alone.
1) Jesus’s sacrifice gives us peace with God, satisfying His wrath. Careful here: this is the peace with God, not peace of God (Philippians 4:7). Peace with God grants us eternal salvation through Jesus Christ. Peace of God is what believers experience in their earthly life when they rely on Him.
Jesus is our peace (Ephesians 21:4). Life is still a battle but not against God.
2) We are granted grace by faith through Christ and given access to God. Grace (God’s undeserved favor towards us) is not only the way salvation comes to us, it is also a description of our present standing before God. You don’t have to prove your worth to God.
The Proper Attitude of Man under Grace according to William Newell:
– To believe, and consent to be loved while unworthy, is the great secret
– To refuse to make “resolutions” and “vows”; for that is to trust in the flesh
– To expect to be blessed, though realizing more and more lack of worth
– To testify of God’s goodness, at all times
– To be certain of God’s future favor; yet to be ever more tender in conscience toward Him
– To rely on God’s chastening hand as a mark of His kindness
– A man under grace, if like Paul, has no burdens regarding himself; but many about others
Rejoice is normally translated boast. It means “a triumphant, rejoicing confidence.”
J.B. Philipps translates hope as happy certainty.