Summary of passage: Paul uses an example from the law (marriage) to explain what Christ’s death means. In Jewish law, a married woman is bound to her husband as long as he lives. If he dies, she is released from this law. If she remarries while her husband is still alive, she is still bound to her first husband. This is the same relationship when Christ died. With his death, we (believers) were released from the law and free to serve in the Holy Spirit.
3) Christ’s death grants us the Holy Spirit within (basically Christ within), uniting us closer to him. Baptism as well. His death crucified our old life into something new.
4a) His death freed us from the law. We belong to Christ so we can bear fruit to God.
b) Personal Question. My answer I’m sick of answering: I’m trying to walk the path God wants me to and that path walks me through work, family, community, etc. The freedom is in my attitude and beliefs and steps on that path.
5) Part personal Question. My answer: These are opposites in every facet of life. We either live and work for God or the devil/death. We either sin or we don’t (new way versus old way). Life of the Spirit is avoiding all sin which is the old way of the written code (sinful nature). I’m gonna take issue with “patterns”. I walk in the Spirit with stumbles (sin) on that path. There is no pattern to it. It’s either you walk with God or you don’t. You won’t be perfect in your walk with Him, but the pattern is the same.
Conclusions: Could Question 4b be any broader? Question 5 has one answer: opposites and I think we all can see that. There’s not a variety of ways to say it.
End Notes: In Romans 6:14, Paul told us that you are not under law but under grace. After the discussion in Romans 6:15-23 regarding practical implications of this, he now explains more completely how it is that we are no longer under the dominion of the law.
The ancient Greek wording here has no word “the” before law. This means Paul speaks of a principle broader than the Mosaic Law, which includes our innate law of creation and conscience.
Paul makes the point that death ends all obligations and contracts. It decisively changes a person’s relationship to the law.
In Romans 6:3-8, Paul carefully explained that we died with Jesus and we also rose with Him, although Paul there only spoke of our death to sin. Now he explains that we also died to the law. Paul wanted to make it clear to all that the law does not dictate our living nor sanctification before God. We can’t do anything to win salvation. With this freedom, however, we aren’t free to sin as Paul has carefully explained. We are free to be married to Jesus and serve God and His will, not ours.
The law’s power to condemn no longer threatens believers.
Under the law, we did not bear fruit to God. Instead we bore fruit to death, because the law aroused the passions of sins within us. The fruit of our union with the law was a physical and spiritual death–a separation from God.
To bear fruit to death: Paul will explain this problem of the law more fully in Romans 7:7-14. We can only bear fruit to God if we’re free from the law because the law stimulates sin since the natural human tendency is to desire the forbidden thing.
Sinful nature is usually translated sinful flesh, which refers to the sinful state of human beings, often presented as a power in opposition to the Spirit.
When we are united to Christ the fruit of holiness is produced.
Verse 6 summarizes Romans 7:1-5. The law does not justify nor sanctify us. With Christ’s death, we are released from the law and free to serve God better.