Summary of passage: God reserves the right to choose whom He wants to choose for salvation and let those whom choose destruction be destroyed.
11) God demonstrates His power by choosing those for salvation whom He wants to choose (he also is showing mercy here to those chosen). This includes both the Jews and the Gentiles. He also shows His power by letting those heading down the path of destruction continue so, being destroyed, and showing His power in the process. He does all of this to show His power and mercy and ultimately to bring more to Him.
12) Personal Question. My answer: The fact I am saved and chosen moves me to bring more to Him. The fact I have life and heaven and hope here and now moves me to thank Him and follow Him and do His will in my life. The fact I do have grace and works to do here on this side of heaven moves me to praise Him and love Him and obey Him.
13) God has a right to call whom He wants to call. He has a right to choose a remnant. It is in His mercy that a remnant is even chosen for He could destroy us all like in Sodom and Gomorrah.
Conclusions: A difficult passage to understand due to the nature of Paul’s questioning and his use of the Old Testament, but an important point: God in His infinite power and control does what He wants, chooses whom He wants, shows mercy to whom He wants, allows those to stay in wrath whom He wants, and saves whom He wants. God is in control and it is only by mercy that we are His!
End Notes: Here Paul asks doesn’t God have the right to glorify Himself as He sees fit? Here, God lets people go their own way and receive his righteous wrath to make His power known. And on the flip side, if God decides to show mercy, being more than fair, who can oppose Him? And if God wants to show mercy to the Gentiles as well, who can oppose Him?
Hosea says God has a right to call whom He wants as well. God also has the right to choose a remnant for salvation. In the original context these passages from Hosea refer to the spiritual restoration of Israel. Paul finds in them the principle that God is a saving, forgiving, restoring God, who delights to take those who are “not my people” and make them “my people.” Paul then applies this principle to Gentiles, whom God makes his people by sovereignly grafting them into covenant relationship.
Isaiah is speaking first of the remnant saved from the Assyrians who were all afraid they’d be destroyed. God’s promise of salvation never applied to all. It applies to the remnant whom God chooses. Isaiah says how Sodom and Gomorrah were completely destroyed. It is only in God’s mercy that a remnant is chosen. It could always be worse!
Isaiah 10:22-23; 1:9 indicate only a small remnant will survive from the great multitude of Israelites. God’s calling includes both Jews and Gentiles but the vast majority are Gentiles.