Summary of passage: Paul’s heart’s desire and prayer is for all of the Israelites to be saved, to submit to God’s righteousness, and to believe in Christ as the fulfillment of the law.
6) Part personal Question. My answer: Paul is an Israelite, and he desires all to know Christ. God puts people on my heart and I pray for them. It’s hard to know these days where everyone stands in their relationship with God so I just pray for Christ to fill them.
7) They believed they could earn righteousness on their own through works and by following the law. They lacked the faith in Jesus as Lord and Savior, which is the true path to salvation. Killing others in the name of Christ or God. Persecuting those with different beliefs than yourself. Hypocritical behavior of any kind. Perverting God’s Word to be in line with your beliefs or to justify a particular sin. Leading others astray as well. Paul had misplaced zeal before his conversion as he persecuted Christians in the name of the Lord. This is still happening today.
8 ) Belief in Christ as Lord and Savior fulfills the law and results in salvation.
Conclusions: I love how Paul does not give up. Ever. I can picture him perpetually praying for his fellow brothers to know God’s Truth. He dedicated his life to bringing as many as possible to God. So must we.
End Notes: Chapters 9-11 is Paul discussing the Jews and their unbelief in Christ. Paul is distraught, so much so that in Romans 9:3 he offered his own relationship to Christ for the sake of the Jews. Paul felt almost as if his family (the Jews) were rejecting what he’d dedicated his life to.
Paul needed to explain how the Jews were linked to God’s plan for them for the past, present, and future. He offers hope.
Knowledge alone is not sufficient for salvation. Action is required. One must submit to God’s righteousness. This is Free Will, a choice, and man’s responsibility to choose Christ.
The law ends for the believer in the sense that our obedience to the law is no longer the basis for our relationship with God. The law has not come to an end in the sense of no longer reflecting God’s standard or no longer showing us our need for a Savior.
“Christ did not come to make the law milder, or to render it possible for our cracked and battered obedience to be accepted as a sort of compromise. The law is not compelled to lower its terms, as though it had originally asked too much; it is holy and just and good, and ought not to be altered in one jot or tittle, nor can it be. Our Lord gives the law all it requires, not a part, for that would be an admission that it might justly have been content with less at first.” (Spurgeon)
“End” can be translated as “culmination”. The Greek word (telos) can mean either termination, cessation or goal, culmination, or fulfillment. Here fulfillment fits best. Christ is the fulfillment of the law (Matthew 5:17) in the sense he brought it to completion by obeying perfectly its demands and prophecies. We are no longer under the law (Romans 6:14) but it still plays a role in our lives. We are free from condemnation and liberated by the Holy Spirit to fulfill its moral demands (Romans 8:4).
Righteousness is the righteous standing before God that Christ makes available to everyone who believes.