Summary of passage: Israel heard the Good News, but chose to be disobedient and obstinate. Instead, the Gentiles believed when the Good News was revealed to them.
12) God revealed Himself to the Gentiles in an attempt to make the Israelites jealous and then turn to Him. Hearing is listening to words but no action. Understanding is knowing what the words mean but no action. Believing is taking action and agreeing with the words. For example, “Go pick up your room.” My kids hear the command. They understand it. Then they ignore me and don’t do it. Same with God. “Believe in my Son.” The Israelites heard this. They understand it’s meaning. But they turned their backs on Christ.
13) The Israelites who did not believe in Christ. The Gentiles who heard the Good News.
14) Personal Question we just answered in Question 8. My repetitive answer: Where is everywhere I encounter others whom He puts in my path whom He desires to be there. I encourage others just by listening and sharing God’s truths about love and comfort and purpose, etc.
Conclusions: Paul is saying Israel has no excuse for they have heard the message and declined.
End Notes: Israel is ignoring God and the prophets, Moses and Isaiah, making them more accountable and responsible. This, however, God knew. God’s chosen people ignored Him, all the more heart-breaking to God. He holds out His hands and they slap it away. He continues to reach out to His people in spite of their disobedience. Same for us. God hurts when we reject Him.
Conclusions BSF Romans Lesson 18: Not a lot of verses covered and a simple message by Paul: All have heard the message and it is simply have faith in Christ. Nice respite and should be fairly quick to complete.