Summary of passage: God’s plan is to harden the hearts of the Jews until the full number of Gentiles has come in and then all of Israel will be saved. Israel has become disobedient so that God may show them mercy like He has done the Gentiles.
11) All of Israel could mean that literally: all people of ethnic, Jewish descent or it could mean all of Israel that God has chosen to be saved by faith in Jesus (the elect). I think all of the elect because we know faith is a choice. Man must choose God. And not all will choose Him (even His chosen people).
12) They will be saved. We can be sure because God says so through Isaiah. God will once again turn His attention to the Jews.
13) Part personal Question. My answer: God has reasons behind all His actions. He loves all His people and wants as many as will turn to Him to come. God works through all for His purposes. I am comforted because I know God’s ways are not mine and everything has a purpose for Him.
14) He showed mercy by allowing them to be disobedient and then forgiving them and offering them salvation. We all need mercy because we are all sinners and deserve death. Instead, God offers us eternal life through His Son, Jesus Christ. Without mercy, heaven would be empty.
Conclusions: This is the first time I have read all of Israel will be saved at the End Times and I was hoping to dive into this truth more. I love gaining insight into God and His ways and seeing how He won’t leave any behind is awesome! God never gives up on you, on me, on the people of Israel, on anyone. Just imagine what a world this would be if all of us embraced that truth!
End Notes: The mystery religions of Paul’s day used the Greek word (mysterion) in the sense of something that was to be revealed only to the initiated. Paul uses this word to refer to something formerly hidden or obscure but now revealed by God for all to know and understand. This word is used of the incarnation, the death of Christ, God’s purpose to sum up all things in Christ and especially to include both Jews and Gentiles in the NT church, the change that will take place at the resurrection and the plan of God by which both Jew and Gentile will be included in his kingdom.
Paul continues from Romans 11:11-24 by saying Israel is blind for the sake of the elect Gentiles. God’s attention is temporarily off the Jews until He is finished with the Gentiles. However, He will come back to His people. The hardening is partial and temporary.
“All of Israel” does not mean every last person of Jewish descent. It means Israel as a nation. And they will be saved the same way the Gentiles are saved: by faith in Jesus. There is no special or other way for the Jews. Salvation is not universal. All must choose God.
Jesus will not return again until God turns the focus of His saving mercies on Israel again, and Israel responds to God through Jesus Christ (Matthew 23:39, Zechariah 12:10-11). Isaiah confirms this truth.
The Jewish people will always be loved by God for the sake of the patriarchs. God has not given up on them (or us) as His calling endures.
Paul reminds all of us we are lawbreakers and all of us have received mercy from God. None of us are better than another.