Summary of passage: Paul is still urging unity and urging the Roman Jews to accept the Gentiles, which were always in God’s plan to believe in Him and Jesus which Paul backs up with Old Testament passages. This will glorify God and is the reason Christ came. Paul prays that God fills them with joy and peace as they trust in Him through the power of the Holy Spirit.
10) Part personal Question. My answer: It brings praise to God. It humbles me because none of us deserve acceptance, but if God can do it, I am inspired to as well.
11) 2 Samuel 22:50; Psalm 18:49; Deuteronomy 32:43; Psalm 117:1; Isaiah 11:10. Everyone (including the Gentiles) will praise God and were all meant to praise Him as part of his plan for humanity.
12a) It confirms to the Jews that the Gentiles were always part of God’s plan.
b) Personal Question. My answer: God wants all of us despite our differences. So must we. Most of our differences are petty. Have a unity of Spirit. It’s all for Him.
Conclusions: Paul brings in the Old Testament to confirm his urgings that the Gentiles are to be accepted as God’s children since they are a part of God’s plan. In essence, it all comes down to love. Jesus’s command to love one another as yourself (Matthew 22:39).
End Notes: We are to give others the grace God has given us fallen humans. Acceptance and love. Christ covered our faults and welcomed us; in the same way we do to others.
15:9: From the beginning, God’s redemptive work in and for Israel had in view the redemption of the Gentiles (Genesis 12:2-3). They would both see God’s mighty and gracious acts for his people and hear the praises of God’s people as they celebrated what God had done for them (a common theme in Psalms). Thus they would come to know the true God and glorify him for his mercy. God greatest and climactic act for Israel’s salvation was the sending of the Messiah to fulfill the promises made to the patriarchs and so to gather in the great harvest of the Gentiles.
We are to unite in Jesus over the common ground of praise to God. As God blesses us, so we are equipped to live in unity with others.