Summary of 1 Samuel 2:12-36:
Eli the priest’s sons were wicked. They were taking more than their share of the food offered to God, which angered God. Every year, Hannah would bring her son, Samuel, a new robe. She had more children. Eli chastised his sons who were also sleeping with the serving women to the Tent of Meeting. God wanted to put Eli’s sons to death because of their sins. God was in control, but the sons still chose to sin.
Samuel flourished, but Eli paid the ultimate price for his sons’ sins, cursing all his descendents to die young. God will kill both of Eli’s sons on the same day and raise up a new faithful priest who will follow His commands.
BSF Study Questions People of the Promised Land 1: Lesson 7, Day 4: 1 Samuel 2:12-36:
9) Eli’s sons start taking the choicest pieces of the sacrifices for God for themselves, and they were sleeping with the women who served at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting. Eli chastised them but didn’t do anything about it.
10) None of Eli’s descendants would live to be old men. His two sons will die on the same day. He is being replaced permanently as the priest to the people with someone else who has more faith.
11) Personal Question. My answer: I do let my kids get away with things such as doing chores or helping me out because it’s easier than fighting them on it. Be a better parent.
Conclusions: BSF Study Questions People of the Promised Land 1 Lesson 7, Day 4: 1 Samuel 2:12-36:
This is the first time I’ve really noticed that Eli turns a blind eye to his sons’ sins despite the seriousness of the sins. As the parent, it’s Eli who suffers the consequences as well as the sons. It shows the importance of dealing with sin.
Another amazing video on 1 Samuel HERE
End Notes BSF Study Questions People of the Promised Land 1 Lesson 7, Day 4: 1 Samuel 2:12-36:
The ancient Hebrew calls them sons of Belial. Belial was a pagan god and the phrase sons of Belial refers to worthless and wicked men. This was a significant problem, because the sons of Eli were in line to succeed him as high priest and they already functioned in the priesthood.
What was the first sin of the sons of Eli the High Priest?
With many of the sacrifices brought to the tabernacle, a portion was given to God, a portion was given to the priest, and a portion was kept by the one who brought the offering. According to other passages in the Old Testament, the priest received a portion of the breast and the shoulder. But now some 400 years after the Law of Moses came, the priestly custom changed – they did not take the prescribed portion of the breast and shoulder but took whatever the fork (fleshhook) brought up out of the pot.
God’s portion was always given first, so it was wrong to take the priest’s portion before they burned the fat.
The fat was thought to be the most luxurious, best part of the animal, so they gave it to God. The idea was that God should always get the best, and God should get His portion first. But in their pride the sons of Eli took their portion before they burned the fat.
Why did the sons of Eli want raw meat?
Perhaps it was so they could prepare it anyway they pleased; or more likely, it was because raw meat was easier to sell and they sold the meat and pocketed the money.
The greed of Eli’s sons was immense; they did not hesitate to use violence and the threat of violence to get what they wanted.
How was Eli’s sons’ sin so great?
- Greedy for the best meat
- Violent to get what they wanted
- Intimidated others to the point they were scared to sacrifice to the Lord–this hurt others.
What is Samuel’s role?
- God raised up Samuel because of the corruption of Eli’s sons. God knew how bad Eli’s sons were, so He guided the whole series of events that resulted in Samuel’s service at the tabernacle.
Corrupt ministers do not stop – or even hinder – the work of God. It may look like it; but every time there are men like Eli’s sons, God raises up someone like Samuel.
What’s a linen ephod?
- A priestly garment, signifying Samuel as distinguished already (Exodus 39:27-29).
As a child, Samuel served the Lord. Often children are discounted. They can do great things for His kingdom.
What was the second sin of the sons of Eli the High Priest?
Eli is too old to deal with his sons, and thus only rebuked them. However, his sons were committing sexual sins at the tabernacle. This was an ancient version of the modern sex scandals among pastors or preachers. Exodus 38:8 refers to the serving women who assembled at the door of the tabernacle of meeting
Even worse, the sons made people hate to worship God with their offerings at the tabernacle (1 Samuel 2:17).
Jesus intercedes for us. Unfortunately, the sons chose sin and thus the consequences were death.
We don’t know who this man of God was. He’s one of the wonderful anonymous characters of the Bible.
The father referred to is Aaron, who was the first High Priest. Since the High Priesthood was a hereditary office, Eli was a descendant of Aaron, whom God had revealed Himself to.
What are the duties of the priesthood of Ancient Israel?
- The priest was first a minister of the LORD. Before he served the people, he was a servant of God.
- The priest brought sacrifices for atonement and worship.
- The priest was to lead the nation in prayer, and to pray for the nation.
- The priest was clothed in specific garments, for glory and for beauty (Exodus 28:2). He was to represent the majesty, dignity, glory, and beauty of God to the people.
- The priest was also charged with the responsibility to receive the offerings of God’s people and to make good use of them.
What was Eli’s greatest sin?
Eli put his sons before the Lord. By not correcting his sons the way he should, Eli showed he loved them more.
God promised that the priestly line would not stay with Eli and his descendants but would pass to another line of descendants from Aaron. This was fulfilled many years later, in Solomon’s day. Abiathar (from Eli’s family) was deposed as high priest and replaced with Zadok (who was from another family).
1 Kings 2:27 reads, So Solomon removed Abiathar from being priest to the LORD, that he might fulfill the word of the LORD which He spoke concerning the house of Eli at Shiloh.
This was a promise to Aaron in passages like Exodus 29:9. God did not remove the priesthood from the line of Aaron, but He did remove it from the line of Eli.
Who is the “faithful priest?”
- This promise was partially fulfilled in Samuel because he functioned as a godly priest, effectively replacing the ungodly sons of Eli
- The promise was partially fulfilled in Zadok in the days of Solomon because he replaced Eli’s family line in the priesthood.
- The promise was fulfilled completely in Jesus Christ because He is a priest forever in the order of Melchezedek (Hebrews 7:12-17).
What’s the ultimate punishment for Eli?
Everyone in his family would be beggars.
What lessons do we learn from Eli?
- Consequences are grave for greedy, lackadaisical behavior. Angry God enough and this is what happens.
- We are all responsible for the consequences our behavior brings.
- Take parenting seriously.