Summary 2 Samuel 6:1-11:
David and 30,000 men gather to bring the Ark of the Covenant to Jerusalem from Baalah on a cart. Uzzah reached out to steady the Ark, touching it, and God struck him dead. David was angry over this and afraid and left the Ark in the house of Obed-Edom the Gittite for 3 months, and the Lord blessed this household.
Summary 1 Chronicles 13:1-14:
David wanted to bring all together to bring back the Ark of the Covenant from Kiriath Jearim. They moved the Ark on an ox cart and when it began to tip, Uzzah reached out to steady it. When he touched the ark, he was struck dead by God. David was angry at Uzzah’s death and afraid. He put the ark in the house of Obed-Edom the Gittite for three months. God blessed Obed-Edom and his household.
BSF Study Questions People of the Promised Land 1: Lesson 17, Day 4: 2 Samuel 6:1-11; 1 Chronicles 13:1-14:
9) The Ark of the Covenant was God’s dwelling place on Earth, so who wouldn’t want God with them? David conferred with his officers, commanders, priests and Levites, and all the people gathered who agreed to move the Ark. God, however, did not agree.
10) Part personal Question. My answer: God had ordered for the Ark never to be touched and instead carried with poles. He struck down Uzzah because he disobeyed, carrying the Ark on an oxcart like the Philistines did. I learn God is serious in His commandments to His people and how He wants to be honored.
11) Personal Question. My answer: Since I can’t predict the future, I can’t say definitively how this will impact the way I live. This study has deepened my understanding of God. God is mighty. God is to be taken seriously. God is faithful. God is in control. God does what He says He’s going to do.
Conclusions: BSF Study Questions People of the Promised Land 1 Lesson 17, Day 4: 2 Samuel 6:1-11; 1 Chronicles 13:1-14:
I love the Old Testament because you always see the consequences of disobedience. In this case, it was death. God is serious in how He expects us to obey, to act, and to treat and honor Him. When we don’t, the consequences are serious. We need to take our faith more seriously.
End Notes BSF Study Questions People of the Promised Land 1 Lesson 17, Day 4: 2 Samuel 6:1-11; 1 Chronicles 13:1-14:
Commentary 2 Samuel 6:1-11:
Psalm 132 is commonly associated with the events of this chapter.
David gathered so many of his best soldiers because bringing the ark to Jerusalem was an important step towards providing a central place of worship for all of Israel.
The Ark of the Covenant
- The Ark of the Covenant was what God had commanded Moses to make more than 400 years before David’s time. It was a wood box (the word ark means “box” or “chest”) completely covered with gold and with an ornate gold lid known as the mercy seat.
- The Ark of God was 3 feet 9 inches (1.15 meters) long, 2 feet 3 inches (.68 meter) wide and 2 feet 3 inches (.68 meter) high.
- The Ark of the Covenant contained the tablets of the law that Moses brought down from Mount Sinai, a jar of manna, and Aaron’s rod that miraculously budded as a confirmation of his leadership.
- The Ark of God represented the immediate presence and glory of God in Israel.
Why move the Ark of the Covenant now?
- David considered it a high priority to bring the ark out of obscurity and back into prominence.
- David wanted Israel to be alive with a sense of the near presence and glory of God.
- We last heard of the Ark of God when it came back from the land of the Philistines in 1 Samuel 7:1. It had been at the house of Abinadab for 70 years.
- David had a great motive – to emphasize the presence and glory of God in Israel.
What did the Israelites do wrong?
- Transporting the ark on a cart was against God’s specific command. The ark was designed to be carried (Exodus 25:12-15) only by Levites of the family of Koath (Numbers 4:15).
“The ark was nothing less than the burden of the Lord, and the burden of the Lord was to be carried on the hearts of the Levites.” (Redpath)
The Philistines transported the ark on a cart (1 Samuel 6:10-11). They were pagans who didn’t know better. Israel was to follow God’s law, not pagans’ ways.
Take away from 2 Samuel 6:
A good idea (bringing the Ark back) done in a wrong way against God (using a cart) displeases God.
Uzzah means “strength” and Ahio means “friendly.” Despite the big production, God was unhappy.
Why was Uzzah struck dead?
- Uzzah disobeyed God’s commandment in Numbers 4:15 says, they shall not touch any holy thing lest they die.
- The Israelites were not honoring God (the Ark being the symbol of His presence on earth).
Why was David angry and fearful over Uzzah’s death?
- David was confused because he himself had forgotten God’s word.
- Although David had good intentions, God cares about actions as well.
- David disobeyed God as well.
God blesses those who obey Him
- Obed-Edom was a Levite of the family of Koath (1 Chronicles 26:4). This was the family within the tribe of Levi that God commanded to carry and take care of the ark (Numbers 4:15).
Lessons from 2 Samuel 6:
When God’s Word is obeyed and His holiness respected, blessing follows.
Commentary 1 Chronicles 13:1-14:
Note: the Bible does not say that David consulted with the Lord. A group of godly men with good intentions would soon make a significant mistake because they took counsel with each other, but not with the LORD.
Payne:“Literally ‘our brothers that are left.’ This may reflect something of the seriousness of the third major Philistine oppression against Israel, 1010-1003 b.c., which David had just broken (2 Samuel 5:20, 25).”
What was wrong with the method of transportation of the Ark of the Covenant?
- Who was transporting the ark
- How the ark was being transported
- Assumed God couldn’t care for the ark Himself
Lesson from 1 Chronicles 13:
The process matters as much as the outcome.