Summary of Acts 2:22-35:
Peter is still speaking to the crowd that has gathered on the day of Pentecost. “Jesus who performed miracles was handed over to you for God’s pre-ordained purpose. You killed him by nailing him to a cross. But God has raised him from the dead. David himself prophesied Jesus’ resurrection when he said he saw the ‘Holy One’ at the Lord’s right hand and raised him from the dead.”
It’s as if Peter is shouting, “Even though you idiots killed Jesus He is alive!”
Peter says that Jesus now sits at the right hand of God and pours out what we now see and hear. He has received the promised Holy Spirit. David did not ascend to heaven (for a detailed explanation of this see my previous post here. David is in heaven now but not at the time of his death).
BSF Study Questions Act 2 Lesson 2, Day 4: Acts 2:22-35
9) God handed Jesus over to man for His set purpose and foreknowledge. The people killed Jesus. God and David knew Jesus would die.
10) David was revered and loved by all so Peter is referencing him to lend credibility to the fact that David knew Jesus would die for them. Peter points out that this Psalm cannot be speaking of its human author, David because David is dead and buried. The Psalm must speak prophetically of the Messiah, Jesus. Peter used this to show the Messiah, who is the focus of Psalm 110, is in fact Divine – He is God.
11) Part Personal Question. My answer: Omniscient, omnipotent, goodness, and grace. God does not forsake and is always with us. All of these. God is good despite what the world says.
Conclusions BSF Study Questions Act 2 Lesson 2, Day 4: Acts 2:22-35
Straight-forward questions today. Peter basically says, “Look, you killed Jesus, the Son of the One, True God but there is hope because God has raised Jesus. All is not lost.”
End Notes BSF Study Questions Act 2 Lesson 2, Day 4: Acts 2:22-35
Peter refered to what these people already knew about Jesus. They already knew of His life and miraculous works. Often in speaking to people about Jesus, we should start with what
they already know about Him.
It was impossible Jesus should remain a victim of the sin and hatred of man; He would certainly triumph over it.
In the phrase pains of death, the word pains is actually the word for “birth pains.” In this sense, the tomb was a womb for Jesus.
“It was not possible that the chosen one of God should remain in the grip of death; ‘the abyss can no more hold the Redeemer than a pregnant woman can hold the child in her body.’” (Bruce, quoting Bertram)
Jesus bore the full wrath of God on the cross, as if He were a guilty sinner, guilty of all our sin, even being made sin for us (2 Corinthians 5:21). Yet, that work was an act of holy, giving love for us, so that Jesus Himself did not become a sinner, even though He bore the full guilt of our sin.
Peter points out that this Psalm cannot be speaking of its human author, David because David is dead and buried. The Psalm must speak prophetically of the Messiah, Jesus.
Fun Fact: This begins the third Old Testament passage Peter used in his sermon, Psalm 110:1. This verse of the Old Testament is quoted in the New Testament more than any other single verse; either quoted or referred to at least 25 times. In this Psalm, David understood and proclaimed the deity of the Messiah.
In this Psalm, King David – by the inspiration of the Holy Spirit – recorded that Yahweh, Israel’s covenant God (The LORD), spoke to David’s Lord (my Lord) as God. Peter used this to show the Messiah, who is the focus of Psalm 110, is in fact Divine – He is God.
It is as if Peter said, “You were all wrong about Jesus. You crucified Him as if He were a criminal, but by the resurrection, God proved that He is Lord and Messiah.”