Summary of Acts 3:11-26
All the people were astonished and came running to Peter and John. Peter asks them why they stare at them as if they were the ones to heal the man. It was through Jesus, the one you disowned and killed and God raised again, by faith in Jesus that this man walks.
God fulfilled his prophecies. Repent, turn to God so your sins can be wiped clean. Jesus will remain in heaven until the time of restoration. Peter quotes Moses and Abraham who spoke of Jesus, telling the people to listen and turn from your wicked ways.
BSF Study Questions Acts Lesson 3, Day 3: Acts 3:11-26
7) The people did the actual killing of Jesus. God planned the killing of his Son so that we could all live with Him in heaven and on earth one day. The people handed Jesus over to be killed and disowned him. Peter tells the crowd that they “killed the author of life, but God raised him from the dead.”
8 ) Jesus’ name and faith in him that healed the man. Peter tells all to repent and turn to God to wipe away their sins and that God will restore everything. The exact same words apply to us today. Repent, turn to Jesus, be saved.
9) Personal Question. My answer: It deepens my trust. I need to trust God in my own physical healing.
Conclusions BSF Study Questions Acts Lesson 3, Day 3: Acts 3:11-26
Trusting God and Jesus is the theme of this passage. He can do anything if we just believe.
End Notes BSF Study Questions Acts Lesson 3, Day 3: Acts 3:11-26
Miracles bring no one to Jesus; faith comes by hearing, and hearing by the word of God (Romans 10:17).
Important Points in Peter’s Speech
- Peter made it clear that he spoke to them about the God of Israel, the God represented in the Hebrew Scriptures.
- The greatness of Peter’s sermon is that it was all about Jesus.
- He tailored his speech to his audience: Jews who knew the Hebrew God of the Bible, which is why the Old Testament scriptures are here.
- Jesus was the perfect Servant of the Lord, and spoken of in the Hebrew Scriptures (as in Isaiah 42 and 52:13-53:12). The concept of the ‘servant of the Lord’ was well-known in Israel because of Isaiah 53 and other texts.
Everyone was responsible for Jesus’ death. Romans – Gentiles – were also responsible. The Romans would not have crucified Jesus without pressure from the Jewish leaders, and the Jews could not have crucified Jesus without Roman acceptance of it. God made certain that both Jew and Gentile shared in the guilt of Jesus’ death. Our sin put Jesus on the cross. If you want to know who put Jesus on the cross, look in the mirror.
Fun Fact: The term Holy One is used more than 40 times in the Old Testament as a high and glorious title for Yahweh, the covenant God of Israel. Peter calls Jesus this to mean Jesus is God.
When Peter spoke of sin, he used the word you several times. In the sermon on the day of Pentecost, you is only once (Acts 2:23).
- You delivered up and denied.
- You denied the Holy One and the Just.
- [You] asked for a murderer to be granted to you.
- [You] killed the Prince of Life.
The Healing of the Man
From faith in Jesus’ name
Notice that twice Peter had accused them of denying Jesus (3:13, 14) – something Peter had himself done.
Peter recognized the Jewish people had called for the execution of Jesus in ignorance of God’s eternal plan. This did not make them innocent, but it did carefully define the nature of their guilt. If we sin in ignorance, it is still sin; but it is different from sin done with full knowledge.
Despite all the evil they did to Jesus, it did not change or derail God’s plan. God can take the most horrible evil and use it for good. Joseph could say to his brothers, “you meant evil against me; but God meant it for good.” (Genesis 50:20) The same principle was at work in the crucifixion of Jesus and is at work in our lives (Romans 8:28).
The Turning to God
As he did in his first sermon (Acts 2:38), Peter called upon the crowd to repent. He told them to turn around in their thinking and actions.
Repentance does not describe being sorry, but describes the act of turning around. And as he used it in chapter two, here also Peter made repent a word of hope. He told them that they had done wrong; but that they could turn it around and become right with God.
Being a Christian is not “turning over a new leaf,” it is being a new creation in Christ Jesus (2 Corinthians 5:17).
Boice says that be converted is better translated, “turn to God” – or, even better, “flee to God.” Boice connects this with the imagery of the cities of refuge in the Old Testament, and thinks Peter told them to flee to Jesus as their place of refuge.
Ink in the ancient world had no acid content and didn’t “bite” into the paper. It could almost always be wiped off with a damp cloth. Peter said that God would wipe away our record of sin just like that.
Turn to God and…
- Sins be blotted out
- Jesus will return
- Spared the promised judgment
- Turn us away from our sins
Peter went so far as to say, “that He may send Jesus Christ,” thus implying that if the Jewish people as a whole repented, God the Father would send Jesus to return in glory.
Peter made it clear that Jesus will remain in heaven until the times of restoration of all things, and since the repentance of Israel is one of the all things, there is some sense in which the return of Jesus in glory will not happen until Israel repents.
Peter essentially offered Israel the opportunity to hasten the return of Jesus by embracing Him on a national level, something that must happen before Jesus will return (as in Matthew 23:37-39 and Romans 11:25-27).
One may raise the hypothetical question, if the Jews of that day had received the gospel as a whole, would then Jesus had returned way back then? Hypothetically, this may have been the case.
The Jewish people of Peter’s day were aware of this prophecy of Moses (recorded in Deuteronomy 18:15 and 18:18-19), but some thought that the Prophet would be someone different than the Messiah. Peter made it clear that they are one and the same.
Expect the Right Things from God
The lame man at the Beautiful Gate wanted something; but God wanted to give him something much greater. The same was generally true of the Jewish people Peter preached to. They expected the Messiah in a certain way, but God wanted to give them something much greater.