Summay of Hebrews 7:
Melchizedek, King of Salem (or Jerusalem) and priest of God Most High met Abraham and blessed him. Abraham gave Melchizedek a tenth of everything. King of Salem means king of righteousness and king of peace. Melchizedek has no mother nor father but he remains a priest forever (this is saying Melchizedek’s genealogy is not recorded).
Now, this is what this means: the patriarch Abraham gave this guy a tenth of the plunder! Now the law requires the descendants of Levi (the priests) to collect a tenth from the people (all related). Yet Melchizedek did not have the lineage to collect the tenth nor bless Abraham. Since the lesser person is blessed by the greater person, this means Melchizedek is the greater over Abraham.
When Melchizedek met Abraham, Levi hadn’t been born yet so Abraham had no need to pay the tenth. But he did anyways.
So why was there a need for someone to come in the order of Melchizedek if perfection could be attained through the Levites (or the order of Aaron)? Verse 18 provides the answer: This regulation was set aside because perfection could not be attained in this way so a better hope was introduced so we could draw near to (be with) God.
God made Jesus a priest forever with an oath! This oath has made Jesus the guarantee of a better covenant. Since Jesus lives forever, his priesthood lives forever. Therefore, Jesus can save completely those who come through him to God.
Thus, such a high priest (Jesus) meets our needs: he is holy, blameless, pure, set apart from sinners, exalted above the heavens, does not need to offer sacrifices; He is perfect. Forever.
BSF Study Questions Acts Lesson 14, Day 5: Hebrews 7
11a) To teach the people all of the decrees the Lord has given Moses. To atone for the people’s sins. To care for God’s tabernacle.
b) Melchizedek and Christ’s similiarities: 1) Both were kings 2) Both were priests 3) Both received a tenth of everything 4) Both names mean king of peace 5) Both are priests forever 6) Both live forever (without beginning of days or end of life)
One difference: Only Jesus was the Son of God
c) “You are a priest forever.’” Verse 21
Because Jesus lives forever he has a permanent priesthood Verse 24
He sacrificed for our sins once and for all … and has been made perfect forever Verses 27-28
12) It’s means no matter what sins you commit,you are forgiven. Forever. Jesus atoned for our sins, and we no longer must offer sacrifices. And we have a permanent home in heaven All we must do is pray for forgiveness in Jesus’ name.
Conclusions BSF Study Questions Acts Lesson 14, Day 5: Hebrews 7
The writer of Hebrews is just trying to prove that Jesus is our priest forever. So accept Him now, and save yourselves a lot of trouble.
End Notes BSF Study Questions Acts Lesson 14, Day 5: Hebrews 7
The writer to the Hebrews now explains a theme that he introduced back in Hebrews 2:17: Jesus as our High Priest. He began to discuss the issue in Hebrews 5:10, but had to spend some time warning these discouraged Christians about the danger of not continuing and progressing in their Christian life.
These Christians from a Jewish background were interested in Jesus as their High Priest, but had a significant intellectual objection to the idea. This is because Jesus did not come from the priestly tribe (the tribe of Levi) or the priestly family in that tribe (the family of Aaron).
This chapter is also important because it shows us how we should think of the Old Testament institutions of the priesthood and the Law.
The Mysterious Melchizedek
- After Abraham defeated the confederation of kings who took his nephew Lot captive, he met with a mysterious priest named Melchizedek, who was also king over the city of Salem (an ancient name for the city of Jerusalem).
- Melchizedek blessed Abraham, and Abraham gave Melchizedek a tithe, which is a tenth part of all (all the spoils of battle, as mentioned in Genesis 14:20).
- Melchizedek is greater than Abraham because Abraham paid tithes to Melchizedek, and because Melchizedek blessed Abraham.
- The priesthood of Levi received tithes from Israel as a commandment. Abraham voluntarily gave tithes to Melchizedek. This makes Abraham’s giving to Melchizedek greater than Israel’s payment of tithes to the priesthood instituted by Moses.
A New Priesthood Needed
The Levitical priesthood never made anything perfect.
The simple fact that God describes a priest according to the order of Melchizedek in Psalm 110:4 shows there is something lacking in the priesthood according to the order of Aaron. God would never establish an unnecessary priesthood.
The term Levitical priesthood simply describes the Jewish priesthood of the Old Testament. It is called Levitical because most of the instructions for the Old Testament priesthood are found in the Book of Leviticus.
Jesus could not be a priest according to the Mosaic Law because He is from the wrong tribe.
Because we have a better priesthood and a better High Priest, we also have a better hope and draw near to God. Our hope is in Jesus, not in the Law of Moses or our ability to keep it.
Jesus was made High Priest by the direct oath of God. Psalm 110:4: The LORD has sworn and will not relent, “You are a priest forever According to the order of Melchizedek.”
An unchanging priesthood means a lasting salvation.
The priesthood under the Law of Moses constantly changed, and so was better or worse through the years depending on the character of the priest.
It strengthens us to know that Jesus prays for us, and that He ever lives to pray for us. This is tremendous encouragement to anyone who feels like giving up.
Jesus is holy, harmless (without guile or deception), undefiled, separate from sinners (in the sense of not sharing in their sin). Jesus is far superior in His personal character than any earthly priest.
Jesus Has a Perfect Character
- He is exalted in heaven
- He does not need to offer sacrifices
- Jesus was both priest and sacrifice