Summary of Hebrews 8:
Our high priest sat down at the right hand of the throne of Majesty in heaven and serves in the sanctuary set up by the Lord. Earthly priests serve a a sanctuary here on earth that is an exact copy of that one in Heaven. But Jesus’ ministry is superior and founded on better promises.
God has said He would make a new covenant with the people unlike the covenant He made with our forefathers. God will put His laws in the minds and hearts of the people and the people will all know Him. He will forgive their wickedness and remember their sins no more. God had made the first covenant obsolete by calling this one “new”.
BSF Study Questions Acts Lesson 15, Day 2: Hebrews 8
3) According to Webster’s Dictionary, a covenant is “a usually formal, solid, and binding agreement usually written under seal between two or more parties for the performance of some action.” My Bible Dictionary lists one whole page on the different covenants but suffice it to say it’s an agreement between two or more parties.
The new covenant lives in the minds and hearts of all people when they accept Jesus Christ as their Savior and the Holy Spirit dwells within. God will be our God, no longer separated from us by men. He will forgive all our sins.
The old covenant had an intermediary (blood of the old covenant–a sacrificial animal as described in Exodus) between us and God whereby it had to be offered every time in order to be forgiven. Jesus’ blood forever sealed God’s covenant with us, allowing God to immediately forgive us our transgressions and remember them no more.
4) The new covenant allows all to know God and to come before Him without the need for an earthly mediator (except for Jesus). We can all be with God etnerally now and forever.
5) Personal Question. My answer: It gives me hope because I know that no matter my earthly failings, I am saved by the blood of Jesus.
Conclusions BSF Study Questions Acts Lesson 15, Day 2: Hebrews 8
Almost repeats Acts from 2012 verbatim.
End Notes BSF Study Questions Acts Lesson 15, Day 2: Hebrews 8
Hebrews 8 is largely a repeat of Hebrews 7, summarizing the point that Jesus is our High Priest who is seated next to God in heaven as a signal that his work is finished.
- Jesus’ sacrifice is complete.
- Jesus’ sacrifice is superior.
- Jesus is our mediator.
First century Jews took tremendous pride in the temple and did so for good reason: it was a spectacular architectural achievement. However glorious the Jerusalem temple was, it was of man. Therefore it was nothing compared to the glory of the heavenly temple that Jesus served in.
The covenant of Jesus fulfills the other covenants described in the Bible.
- God’s redemptive plan was continued through the covenant He made with Abraham (Genesis 12:1-3).
- The Mosaic covenant was another step in God’s redemptive plan (Exodus 24:3-8).
- The Davidic covenant was yet another step in God’s redemptive plan (2 Samuel 7:1-16).
- The redemptive plan of God was fulfilled in the New Covenant (Luke 22:14-20).
Jesus promises to see us through the most desperate and dark times.
The Jeremiah Passage
In this passage from Jeremiah 31, God shows that something was lacking in the Old Covenant – because a New Covenant was promised. In the days of Jeremiah, the New Covenant was still in the future, because he wrote “Behold the days are coming.”
There are two ancient Greek words that describe the concept of “new.” Neos described newness in regard to time. Something may be a copy of something old but if it recently made, it can be called neos. The ancient Greek word kainos (the word used here) described something that is not only new in reference to time, but is truly new in its quality. It isn’t simply a new reproduction of something old.
The weakness of the Old Covenant was in the weakness and inability of man.
The New Covenant features transformation from within, not regulation through external law.
The system of sacrifice under the Law of Moses soon did vanish away with the coming destruction of the Temple and the Roman destruction of Jerusalem.
The Differences Between the Old and New Covenant
- Old Covenant offered bondage; New Covanant offered liberty.
- Old Covenant was temporary; New Covenant is forever.
- Old Covenant covered sin; New Covenant frees us from sin.
- Old Covenant has Moses as mediator; New Covenant has Jesus as mediator.
- Old Covenant demanded works; New Covenant fulfills works through Jesus.
- Old Covenant uses blood of animals; New Covenant uses Jesus’s blood.